The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gṝ_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirāmi girāvaḥ girāmaḥ
Secondgirasi girathaḥ giratha
Thirdgirati girataḥ giranti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīrye gīryāvahe gīryāmahe
Secondgīryase gīryethe gīryadhve
Thirdgīryate gīryete gīryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagiram agirāva agirāma
Secondagiraḥ agiratam agirata
Thirdagirat agiratām agiran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagīrye agīryāvahi agīryāmahi
Secondagīryathāḥ agīryethām agīryadhvam
Thirdagīryata agīryetām agīryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgireyam gireva girema
Secondgireḥ giretam gireta
Thirdgiret giretām gireyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīryeya gīryevahi gīryemahi
Secondgīryethāḥ gīryeyāthām gīryedhvam
Thirdgīryeta gīryeyātām gīryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirāṇi girāva girāma
Secondgira giratam girata
Thirdgiratu giratām girantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgīryai gīryāvahai gīryāmahai
Secondgīryasva gīryethām gīryadhvam
Thirdgīryatām gīryetām gīryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarīṣyāmi | gariṣyāmi garīṣyāvaḥ | gariṣyāvaḥ garīṣyāmaḥ | gariṣyāmaḥ
Secondgarīṣyasi | gariṣyasi garīṣyathaḥ | gariṣyathaḥ garīṣyatha | gariṣyatha
Thirdgarīṣyati | gariṣyati garīṣyataḥ | gariṣyataḥ garīṣyanti | gariṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgarītāsmi | garitāsmi garītāsvaḥ | garitāsvaḥ garītāsmaḥ | garitāsmaḥ
Secondgarītāsi | garitāsi garītāsthaḥ | garitāsthaḥ garītāstha | garitāstha
Thirdgarītā | garitā garītārau | garitārau garītāraḥ | garitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagāra | jagara jagariva jagarima
Secondjagaritha jagarathuḥ jagara
Thirdjagāra jagaratuḥ jagaruḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gīrṇa m. n. gīrṇā f.

Past Active Participle
gīrṇavat m. n. gīrṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
girat m. n. girantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gīryamāṇa m. n. gīryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
gariṣyat m. n. gariṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
garīṣyat m. n. garīṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
garitavya m. n. garitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
garītavya m. n. garītavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gārya m. n. gāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
garaṇīya m. n. garaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagarvaḥ m. n. jagaruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
giritum

Absolutive
gīrtvā

Absolutive
-gīrya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayāmi | gālayāmi | gārayāmi girayāvaḥ | gālayāvaḥ | gārayāvaḥ girayāmaḥ | gālayāmaḥ | gārayāmaḥ
Secondgirayasi | gālayasi | gārayasi girayathaḥ | gālayathaḥ | gārayathaḥ girayatha | gālayatha | gārayatha
Thirdgirayati | gālayati | gārayati girayataḥ | gālayataḥ | gārayataḥ girayanti | gālayanti | gārayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgiraye | gālaye | gāraye girayāvahe | gālayāvahe | gārayāvahe girayāmahe | gālayāmahe | gārayāmahe
Secondgirayase | gālayase | gārayase girayethe | gālayethe | gārayethe girayadhve | gālayadhve | gārayadhve
Thirdgirayate | gālayate | gārayate girayete | gālayete | gārayete girayante | gālayante | gārayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirye | gālye | gārye giryāvahe | gālyāvahe | gāryāvahe giryāmahe | gālyāmahe | gāryāmahe
Secondgiryase | gālyase | gāryase giryethe | gālyethe | gāryethe giryadhve | gālyadhve | gāryadhve
Thirdgiryate | gālyate | gāryate giryete | gālyete | gāryete giryante | gālyante | gāryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagirayam | agālayam | agārayam agirayāva | agālayāva | agārayāva agirayāma | agālayāma | agārayāma
Secondagirayaḥ | agālayaḥ | agārayaḥ agirayatam | agālayatam | agārayatam agirayata | agālayata | agārayata
Thirdagirayat | agālayat | agārayat agirayatām | agālayatām | agārayatām agirayan | agālayan | agārayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstagiraye | agālaye | agāraye agirayāvahi | agālayāvahi | agārayāvahi agirayāmahi | agālayāmahi | agārayāmahi
Secondagirayathāḥ | agālayathāḥ | agārayathāḥ agirayethām | agālayethām | agārayethām agirayadhvam | agālayadhvam | agārayadhvam
Thirdagirayata | agālayata | agārayata agirayetām | agālayetām | agārayetām agirayanta | agālayanta | agārayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagirye | agālye | agārye agiryāvahi | agālyāvahi | agāryāvahi agiryāmahi | agālyāmahi | agāryāmahi
Secondagiryathāḥ | agālyathāḥ | agāryathāḥ agiryethām | agālyethām | agāryethām agiryadhvam | agālyadhvam | agāryadhvam
Thirdagiryata | agālyata | agāryata agiryetām | agālyetām | agāryetām agiryanta | agālyanta | agāryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayeyam | gālayeyam | gārayeyam girayeva | gālayeva | gārayeva girayema | gālayema | gārayema
Secondgirayeḥ | gālayeḥ | gārayeḥ girayetam | gālayetam | gārayetam girayeta | gālayeta | gārayeta
Thirdgirayet | gālayet | gārayet girayetām | gālayetām | gārayetām girayeyuḥ | gālayeyuḥ | gārayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayeya | gālayeya | gārayeya girayevahi | gālayevahi | gārayevahi girayemahi | gālayemahi | gārayemahi
Secondgirayethāḥ | gālayethāḥ | gārayethāḥ girayeyāthām | gālayeyāthām | gārayeyāthām girayedhvam | gālayedhvam | gārayedhvam
Thirdgirayeta | gālayeta | gārayeta girayeyātām | gālayeyātām | gārayeyātām girayeran | gālayeran | gārayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgiryeya | gālyeya | gāryeya giryevahi | gālyevahi | gāryevahi giryemahi | gālyemahi | gāryemahi
Secondgiryethāḥ | gālyethāḥ | gāryethāḥ giryeyāthām | gālyeyāthām | gāryeyāthām giryedhvam | gālyedhvam | gāryedhvam
Thirdgiryeta | gālyeta | gāryeta giryeyātām | gālyeyātām | gāryeyātām giryeran | gālyeran | gāryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayāṇi | gālayāni | gārayāṇi girayāva | gālayāva | gārayāva girayāma | gālayāma | gārayāma
Secondgiraya | gālaya | gāraya girayatam | gālayatam | gārayatam girayata | gālayata | gārayata
Thirdgirayatu | gālayatu | gārayatu girayatām | gālayatām | gārayatām girayantu | gālayantu | gārayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayai | gālayai | gārayai girayāvahai | gālayāvahai | gārayāvahai girayāmahai | gālayāmahai | gārayāmahai
Secondgirayasva | gālayasva | gārayasva girayethām | gālayethām | gārayethām girayadhvam | gālayadhvam | gārayadhvam
Thirdgirayatām | gālayatām | gārayatām girayetām | gālayetām | gārayetām girayantām | gālayantām | gārayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgiryai | gālyai | gāryai giryāvahai | gālyāvahai | gāryāvahai giryāmahai | gālyāmahai | gāryāmahai
Secondgiryasva | gālyasva | gāryasva giryethām | gālyethām | gāryethām giryadhvam | gālyadhvam | gāryadhvam
Thirdgiryatām | gālyatām | gāryatām giryetām | gālyetām | gāryetām giryantām | gālyantām | gāryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayiṣyāmi | gālayiṣyāmi | gārayiṣyāmi girayiṣyāvaḥ | gālayiṣyāvaḥ | gārayiṣyāvaḥ girayiṣyāmaḥ | gālayiṣyāmaḥ | gārayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgirayiṣyasi | gālayiṣyasi | gārayiṣyasi girayiṣyathaḥ | gālayiṣyathaḥ | gārayiṣyathaḥ girayiṣyatha | gālayiṣyatha | gārayiṣyatha
Thirdgirayiṣyati | gālayiṣyati | gārayiṣyati girayiṣyataḥ | gālayiṣyataḥ | gārayiṣyataḥ girayiṣyanti | gālayiṣyanti | gārayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayiṣye | gālayiṣye | gārayiṣye girayiṣyāvahe | gālayiṣyāvahe | gārayiṣyāvahe girayiṣyāmahe | gālayiṣyāmahe | gārayiṣyāmahe
Secondgirayiṣyase | gālayiṣyase | gārayiṣyase girayiṣyethe | gālayiṣyethe | gārayiṣyethe girayiṣyadhve | gālayiṣyadhve | gārayiṣyadhve
Thirdgirayiṣyate | gālayiṣyate | gārayiṣyate girayiṣyete | gālayiṣyete | gārayiṣyete girayiṣyante | gālayiṣyante | gārayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgirayitāsmi | gālayitāsmi | gārayitāsmi girayitāsvaḥ | gālayitāsvaḥ | gārayitāsvaḥ girayitāsmaḥ | gālayitāsmaḥ | gārayitāsmaḥ
Secondgirayitāsi | gālayitāsi | gārayitāsi girayitāsthaḥ | gālayitāsthaḥ | gārayitāsthaḥ girayitāstha | gālayitāstha | gārayitāstha
Thirdgirayitā | gālayitā | gārayitā girayitārau | gālayitārau | gārayitārau girayitāraḥ | gālayitāraḥ | gārayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
girita m. n. giritā f.

Past Passive Participle
gārita m. n. gāritā f.

Past Passive Participle
gālita m. n. gālitā f.

Past Active Participle
gālitavat m. n. gālitavatī f.

Past Active Participle
gāritavat m. n. gāritavatī f.

Past Active Participle
giritavat m. n. giritavatī f.

Present Active Participle
girayat m. n. girayantī f.

Present Active Participle
gārayat m. n. gārayantī f.

Present Active Participle
gālayat m. n. gālayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
gālayamāna m. n. gālayamānā f.

Present Middle Participle
gārayamāṇa m. n. gārayamāṇā f.

Present Middle Participle
girayamāṇa m. n. girayamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
giryamāṇa m. n. giryamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
gāryamāṇa m. n. gāryamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
gālyamāna m. n. gālyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gālayiṣyat m. n. gālayiṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
gārayiṣyat m. n. gārayiṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
girayiṣyat m. n. girayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
girayiṣyamāṇa m. n. girayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
gārayiṣyamāṇa m. n. gārayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
gālayiṣyamāṇa m. n. gālayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālya m. n. gālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālanīya m. n. gālanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālayitavya m. n. gālayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gārya m. n. gāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
gāraṇīya m. n. gāraṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gārayitavya m. n. gārayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
girya m. n. giryā f.

Future Passive Participle
giraṇīya m. n. giraṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
girayitavya m. n. girayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
girayitum

Infinitive
gālayitum

Infinitive
gārayitum

Absolutive
girayitvā

Absolutive
gālayitvā

Absolutive
gārayitvā

Absolutive
-girya

Absolutive
-gālya

Absolutive
-gārya

Periphrastic Perfect
girayām

Periphrastic Perfect
gālayām

Periphrastic Perfect
gārayām

Intensive Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjegilye jegilyāvahe jegilyāmahe
Secondjegilyase jegilyethe jegilyadhve
Thirdjegilyate jegilyete jegilyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajegilye ajegilyāvahi ajegilyāmahi
Secondajegilyathāḥ ajegilyethām ajegilyadhvam
Thirdajegilyata ajegilyetām ajegilyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjegilyeya jegilyevahi jegilyemahi
Secondjegilyethāḥ jegilyeyāthām jegilyedhvam
Thirdjegilyeta jegilyeyātām jegilyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjegilyai jegilyāvahai jegilyāmahai
Secondjegilyasva jegilyethām jegilyadhvam
Thirdjegilyatām jegilyetām jegilyantām

Participles

Present Middle Participle
jegilyamāna m. n. jegilyamānā f.

Desiderative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣāmi jigariṣāvaḥ jigariṣāmaḥ
Secondjigariṣasi jigariṣathaḥ jigariṣatha
Thirdjigariṣati jigariṣataḥ jigariṣanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣye jigariṣyāvahe jigariṣyāmahe
Secondjigariṣyase jigariṣyethe jigariṣyadhve
Thirdjigariṣyate jigariṣyete jigariṣyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajigariṣam ajigariṣāva ajigariṣāma
Secondajigariṣaḥ ajigariṣatam ajigariṣata
Thirdajigariṣat ajigariṣatām ajigariṣan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajigariṣye ajigariṣyāvahi ajigariṣyāmahi
Secondajigariṣyathāḥ ajigariṣyethām ajigariṣyadhvam
Thirdajigariṣyata ajigariṣyetām ajigariṣyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣeyam jigariṣeva jigariṣema
Secondjigariṣeḥ jigariṣetam jigariṣeta
Thirdjigariṣet jigariṣetām jigariṣeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣyeya jigariṣyevahi jigariṣyemahi
Secondjigariṣyethāḥ jigariṣyeyāthām jigariṣyedhvam
Thirdjigariṣyeta jigariṣyeyātām jigariṣyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣāṇi jigariṣāva jigariṣāma
Secondjigariṣa jigariṣatam jigariṣata
Thirdjigariṣatu jigariṣatām jigariṣantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣyai jigariṣyāvahai jigariṣyāmahai
Secondjigariṣyasva jigariṣyethām jigariṣyadhvam
Thirdjigariṣyatām jigariṣyetām jigariṣyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣyāmi jigariṣyāvaḥ jigariṣyāmaḥ
Secondjigariṣyasi jigariṣyathaḥ jigariṣyatha
Thirdjigariṣyati jigariṣyataḥ jigariṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjigariṣitāsmi jigariṣitāsvaḥ jigariṣitāsmaḥ
Secondjigariṣitāsi jigariṣitāsthaḥ jigariṣitāstha
Thirdjigariṣitā jigariṣitārau jigariṣitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjijigariṣa jijigariṣiva jijigariṣima
Secondjijigariṣitha jijigariṣathuḥ jijigariṣa
Thirdjijigariṣa jijigariṣatuḥ jijigariṣuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jigariṣita m. n. jigariṣitā f.

Past Active Participle
jigariṣitavat m. n. jigariṣitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jigariṣat m. n. jigariṣantī f.

Present Passive Participle
jigariṣyamāṇa m. n. jigariṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
jigariṣyat m. n. jigariṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
jigariṣaṇīya m. n. jigariṣaṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jigariṣya m. n. jigariṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jigariṣitavya m. n. jigariṣitavyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jijigariṣvaḥ m. n. jijigariṣuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jigariṣitum

Absolutive
jigariṣitvā

Absolutive
-jigariṣya

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