The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of budh_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbodhāmi bodhāvaḥ bodhāmaḥ
Secondbodhasi bodhathaḥ bodhatha
Thirdbodhati bodhataḥ bodhanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbudhye budhyāvahe budhyāmahe
Secondbudhyase budhyethe budhyadhve
Thirdbudhyate budhyete budhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstabodham abodhāva abodhāma
Secondabodhaḥ abodhatam abodhata
Thirdabodhat abodhatām abodhan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstabudhye abudhyāvahi abudhyāmahi
Secondabudhyathāḥ abudhyethām abudhyadhvam
Thirdabudhyata abudhyetām abudhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbodheyam bodheva bodhema
Secondbodheḥ bodhetam bodheta
Thirdbodhet bodhetām bodheyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbudhyeya budhyevahi budhyemahi
Secondbudhyethāḥ budhyeyāthām budhyedhvam
Thirdbudhyeta budhyeyātām budhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbodhāni bodhāva bodhāma
Secondbodha bodhatam bodhata
Thirdbodhatu bodhatām bodhantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbudhyai budhyāvahai budhyāmahai
Secondbudhyasva budhyethām budhyadhvam
Thirdbudhyatām budhyetām budhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbhotsyāmi bhotsyāvaḥ bhotsyāmaḥ
Secondbhotsyasi bhotsyathaḥ bhotsyatha
Thirdbhotsyati bhotsyataḥ bhotsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbhotsye bhotsyāvahe bhotsyāmahe
Secondbhotsyase bhotsyethe bhotsyadhve
Thirdbhotsyate bhotsyete bhotsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstboddhāsmi boddhāsvaḥ boddhāsmaḥ
Secondboddhāsi boddhāsthaḥ boddhāstha
Thirdboddhā boddhārau boddhāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbubodha bubudhiva bubudhima
Secondbubodhitha bubudhathuḥ bubudha
Thirdbubodha bubudhatuḥ bubudhuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbubudhe bubudhivahe bubudhimahe
Secondbubudhiṣe bubudhāthe bubudhidhve
Thirdbubudhe bubudhāte bubudhire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstabhautsam | abodhiṣam abhautsva | abodhiṣva abhautsma | abodhiṣma
Secondabhautsīḥ | abodhīḥ abauddham | abodhiṣṭam abauddha | abodhiṣṭa
Thirdabhautsīt | abodhīt abauddhām | abodhiṣṭām abhautsuḥ | abodhiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstabhutsi | abodhiṣi abhutsvahi | abodhiṣvahi abhutsmahi | abodhiṣmahi
Secondabodhiṣṭhāḥ | abuddhāḥ abhutsāthām | abodhiṣāthām abodhidhvam | abuddhvam
Thirdabodhiṣṭa | abodhi | abuddha abhutsātām | abodhiṣātām abhutsata | abodhiṣata


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbodhiṣam bodhiṣva bodhiṣma
Secondbodhīḥ bodhiṣṭam bodhiṣṭa
Thirdbodhīt bodhiṣṭām bodhiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbodhiṣi bodhiṣvahi bodhiṣmahi
Secondbodhiṣṭhāḥ bodhiṣāthām bodhidhvam
Thirdbodhiṣṭa bodhiṣātām bodhiṣata


Benedictive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbudhyāsam budhyāsva budhyāsma
Secondbudhyāḥ budhyāstam budhyāsta
Thirdbudhyāt budhyāstām budhyāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
buddha m. n. buddhā f.

Past Active Participle
buddhāt m. n. buddhātī f.

Present Active Participle
bodhat m. n. bodhantī f.

Present Passive Participle
budhyamāna m. n. budhyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
bhotsyat m. n. bhotsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
bhotsyamāna m. n. bhotsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
boddhavya m. n. boddhavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
bodhya m. n. bodhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
bodhanīya m. n. bodhanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
bubudhvaḥ m. n. bubudhuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
bubudhāna m. n. bubudhānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
boddhum

Absolutive
buddhvā

Absolutive
-budhya

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