The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jan

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāye jāyāvahe jāyāmahe
Secondjāyase jāyethe jāyadhve
Thirdjāyate jāyete jāyante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanye janyāvahe janyāmahe
Secondjanyase janyethe janyadhve
Thirdjanyate janyete janyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajāye ajāyāvahi ajāyāmahi
Secondajāyathāḥ ajāyethām ajāyadhvam
Thirdajāyata ajāyetām ajāyanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanye ajanyāvahi ajanyāmahi
Secondajanyathāḥ ajanyethām ajanyadhvam
Thirdajanyata ajanyetām ajanyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāyeya jāyevahi jāyemahi
Secondjāyethāḥ jāyeyāthām jāyedhvam
Thirdjāyeta jāyeyātām jāyeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyeya janyevahi janyemahi
Secondjanyethāḥ janyeyāthām janyedhvam
Thirdjanyeta janyeyātām janyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāyai jāyāvahai jāyāmahai
Secondjāyasva jāyethām jāyadhvam
Thirdjāyatām jāyetām jāyantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyai janyāvahai janyāmahai
Secondjanyasva janyethām janyadhvam
Thirdjanyatām janyetām janyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsyāmi | janiṣyāmi jāsyāvaḥ | janiṣyāvaḥ jāsyāmaḥ | janiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjāsyasi | janiṣyasi jāsyathaḥ | janiṣyathaḥ jāsyatha | janiṣyatha
Thirdjāsyati | janiṣyati jāsyataḥ | janiṣyataḥ jāsyanti | janiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjāsye | janiṣye jāsyāvahe | janiṣyāvahe jāsyāmahe | janiṣyāmahe
Secondjāsyase | janiṣyase jāsyethe | janiṣyethe jāsyadhve | janiṣyadhve
Thirdjāsyate | janiṣyate jāsyete | janiṣyete jāsyante | janiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjātāsmi | janitāsmi jātāsvaḥ | janitāsvaḥ jātāsmaḥ | janitāsmaḥ
Secondjātāsi | janitāsi jātāsthaḥ | janitāsthaḥ jātāstha | janitāstha
Thirdjātā | janitā jātārau | janitārau jātāraḥ | janitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāna | jajana jajñiva jajñima
Secondjajñitha | jajantha jajñathuḥ jajña
Thirdjajāna jajñatuḥ jajñuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajñe jajñivahe jajñimahe
Secondjajñiṣe jajñāthe jajñidhve
Thirdjajñe jajñāte jajñire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajījanam | ajanam ajījanāva | ajanva ajījanāma | ajanma
Secondajījanaḥ | ajan ajījanatam | ajantam ajījanata | ajanta
Thirdajījanat | ajan ajījanatām | ajantām ajījanan | ajanan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajījane | ajaniṣi | ajani ajījanāvahi | ajanvahi | ajaniṣvahi ajījanāmahi | ajanmahi | ajaniṣmahi
Secondajījanathāḥ | ajanthāḥ | ajaniṣṭhāḥ ajījanethām | ajaniṣāthām | ajanāthām ajījanadhvam | ajandhvam | ajanidhvam
Thirdajījanata | ajanta | ajaniṣṭa | ajani ajījanetām | ajaniṣātām | ajanātām ajījananta | ajaniṣata | ajanata


Injunctive

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjaniṣi janiṣvahi janiṣmahi
Secondjaniṣṭhāḥ janiṣāthām janidhvam
Thirdjaniṣṭa janiṣātām janiṣata


Benedictive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyāsam janyāsva janyāsma
Secondjanyāḥ janyāstam janyāsta
Thirdjanyāt janyāstām janyāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jāta m. n. jātā f.

Past Active Participle
jātavat m. n. jātavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jāyamāna m. n. jāyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
janyamāna m. n. janyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jāsyat m. n. jāsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
janiṣyat m. n. janiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
janiṣyamāṇa m. n. janiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jāsyamāna m. n. jāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jātavya m. n. jātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
janitavya m. n. janitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jānya m. n. jānyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jananīya m. n. jananīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajñivaḥ m. n. jajñuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajñāna m. n. jajñānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jātum

Infinitive
janitum

Absolutive
jātvā

Absolutive
-jāya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayāmi janayāvaḥ janayāmaḥ
Secondjanayasi janayathaḥ janayatha
Thirdjanayati janayataḥ janayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjanaye janayāvahe janayāmahe
Secondjanayase janayethe janayadhve
Thirdjanayate janayete janayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanye janyāvahe janyāmahe
Secondjanyase janyethe janyadhve
Thirdjanyate janyete janyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanayam ajanayāva ajanayāma
Secondajanayaḥ ajanayatam ajanayata
Thirdajanayat ajanayatām ajanayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajanaye ajanayāvahi ajanayāmahi
Secondajanayathāḥ ajanayethām ajanayadhvam
Thirdajanayata ajanayetām ajanayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajanye ajanyāvahi ajanyāmahi
Secondajanyathāḥ ajanyethām ajanyadhvam
Thirdajanyata ajanyetām ajanyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayeyam janayeva janayema
Secondjanayeḥ janayetam janayeta
Thirdjanayet janayetām janayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayeya janayevahi janayemahi
Secondjanayethāḥ janayeyāthām janayedhvam
Thirdjanayeta janayeyātām janayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyeya janyevahi janyemahi
Secondjanyethāḥ janyeyāthām janyedhvam
Thirdjanyeta janyeyātām janyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayāni janayāva janayāma
Secondjanaya janayatam janayata
Thirdjanayatu janayatām janayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayai janayāvahai janayāmahai
Secondjanayasva janayethām janayadhvam
Thirdjanayatām janayetām janayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanyai janyāvahai janyāmahai
Secondjanyasva janyethām janyadhvam
Thirdjanyatām janyetām janyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayiṣyāmi janayiṣyāvaḥ janayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjanayiṣyasi janayiṣyathaḥ janayiṣyatha
Thirdjanayiṣyati janayiṣyataḥ janayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayiṣye janayiṣyāvahe janayiṣyāmahe
Secondjanayiṣyase janayiṣyethe janayiṣyadhve
Thirdjanayiṣyate janayiṣyete janayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjanayitāsmi janayitāsvaḥ janayitāsmaḥ
Secondjanayitāsi janayitāsthaḥ janayitāstha
Thirdjanayitā janayitārau janayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
janita m. n. janitā f.

Past Active Participle
janitavat m. n. janitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
janayat m. n. janayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
janayamāna m. n. janayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
janyamāna m. n. janyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
janayiṣyat m. n. janayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
janayiṣyamāṇa m. n. janayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
janya m. n. janyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jananīya m. n. jananīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
janayitavya m. n. janayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
janayitum

Absolutive
janayitvā

Absolutive
-janayya

Periphrastic Perfect
janayām

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2020
Logo Inria