The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śam_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmyāmi śāmyāvaḥ śāmyāmaḥ
Secondśāmyasi śāmyathaḥ śāmyatha
Thirdśāmyati śāmyataḥ śāmyanti


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāmyam aśāmyāva aśāmyāma
Secondaśāmyaḥ aśāmyatam aśāmyata
Thirdaśāmyat aśāmyatām aśāmyan


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmyeyam śāmyeva śāmyema
Secondśāmyeḥ śāmyetam śāmyeta
Thirdśāmyet śāmyetām śāmyeyuḥ


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmyāni śāmyāva śāmyāma
Secondśāmya śāmyatam śāmyata
Thirdśāmyatu śāmyatām śāmyantu


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśamiṣyāmi śamiṣyāvaḥ śamiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśamiṣyasi śamiṣyathaḥ śamiṣyatha
Thirdśamiṣyati śamiṣyataḥ śamiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśamitāsmi śamitāsvaḥ śamitāsmaḥ
Secondśamitāsi śamitāsthaḥ śamitāstha
Thirdśamitā śamitārau śamitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśaśāma | śaśama śemiva śemima
Secondśemitha | śaśantha śemathuḥ śema
Thirdśaśāma śematuḥ śemuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śānta m. n. śāntā f.

Past Active Participle
śāntavat m. n. śāntavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śāmyat m. n. śāmyantī f.

Future Active Participle
śamiṣyat m. n. śamiṣyantī f.

Perfect Active Participle
śemivaḥ m. n. śemuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śamitum

Absolutive
śāntvā

Absolutive
śamitvā

Absolutive
-śānya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayāmi | śamayāmi śāmayāvaḥ | śamayāvaḥ śāmayāmaḥ | śamayāmaḥ
Secondśāmayasi | śamayasi śāmayathaḥ | śamayathaḥ śāmayatha | śamayatha
Thirdśāmayati | śamayati śāmayataḥ | śamayataḥ śāmayanti | śamayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmaye | śamaye śāmayāvahe | śamayāvahe śāmayāmahe | śamayāmahe
Secondśāmayase | śamayase śāmayethe | śamayethe śāmayadhve | śamayadhve
Thirdśāmayate | śamayate śāmayete | śamayete śāmayante | śamayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmye | śamye śāmyāvahe | śamyāvahe śāmyāmahe | śamyāmahe
Secondśāmyase | śamyase śāmyethe | śamyethe śāmyadhve | śamyadhve
Thirdśāmyate | śamyate śāmyete | śamyete śāmyante | śamyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāmayam | aśamayam aśāmayāva | aśamayāva aśāmayāma | aśamayāma
Secondaśāmayaḥ | aśamayaḥ aśāmayatam | aśamayatam aśāmayata | aśamayata
Thirdaśāmayat | aśamayat aśāmayatām | aśamayatām aśāmayan | aśamayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāmaye | aśamaye aśāmayāvahi | aśamayāvahi aśāmayāmahi | aśamayāmahi
Secondaśāmayathāḥ | aśamayathāḥ aśāmayethām | aśamayethām aśāmayadhvam | aśamayadhvam
Thirdaśāmayata | aśamayata aśāmayetām | aśamayetām aśāmayanta | aśamayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāmye | aśamye aśāmyāvahi | aśamyāvahi aśāmyāmahi | aśamyāmahi
Secondaśāmyathāḥ | aśamyathāḥ aśāmyethām | aśamyethām aśāmyadhvam | aśamyadhvam
Thirdaśāmyata | aśamyata aśāmyetām | aśamyetām aśāmyanta | aśamyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayeyam | śamayeyam śāmayeva | śamayeva śāmayema | śamayema
Secondśāmayeḥ | śamayeḥ śāmayetam | śamayetam śāmayeta | śamayeta
Thirdśāmayet | śamayet śāmayetām | śamayetām śāmayeyuḥ | śamayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayeya | śamayeya śāmayevahi | śamayevahi śāmayemahi | śamayemahi
Secondśāmayethāḥ | śamayethāḥ śāmayeyāthām | śamayeyāthām śāmayedhvam | śamayedhvam
Thirdśāmayeta | śamayeta śāmayeyātām | śamayeyātām śāmayeran | śamayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmyeya | śamyeya śāmyevahi | śamyevahi śāmyemahi | śamyemahi
Secondśāmyethāḥ | śamyethāḥ śāmyeyāthām | śamyeyāthām śāmyedhvam | śamyedhvam
Thirdśāmyeta | śamyeta śāmyeyātām | śamyeyātām śāmyeran | śamyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayāni | śamayāni śāmayāva | śamayāva śāmayāma | śamayāma
Secondśāmaya | śamaya śāmayatam | śamayatam śāmayata | śamayata
Thirdśāmayatu | śamayatu śāmayatām | śamayatām śāmayantu | śamayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayai | śamayai śāmayāvahai | śamayāvahai śāmayāmahai | śamayāmahai
Secondśāmayasva | śamayasva śāmayethām | śamayethām śāmayadhvam | śamayadhvam
Thirdśāmayatām | śamayatām śāmayetām | śamayetām śāmayantām | śamayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmyai | śamyai śāmyāvahai | śamyāvahai śāmyāmahai | śamyāmahai
Secondśāmyasva | śamyasva śāmyethām | śamyethām śāmyadhvam | śamyadhvam
Thirdśāmyatām | śamyatām śāmyetām | śamyetām śāmyantām | śamyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayiṣyāmi | śamayiṣyāmi śāmayiṣyāvaḥ | śamayiṣyāvaḥ śāmayiṣyāmaḥ | śamayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśāmayiṣyasi | śamayiṣyasi śāmayiṣyathaḥ | śamayiṣyathaḥ śāmayiṣyatha | śamayiṣyatha
Thirdśāmayiṣyati | śamayiṣyati śāmayiṣyataḥ | śamayiṣyataḥ śāmayiṣyanti | śamayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayiṣye | śamayiṣye śāmayiṣyāvahe | śamayiṣyāvahe śāmayiṣyāmahe | śamayiṣyāmahe
Secondśāmayiṣyase | śamayiṣyase śāmayiṣyethe | śamayiṣyethe śāmayiṣyadhve | śamayiṣyadhve
Thirdśāmayiṣyate | śamayiṣyate śāmayiṣyete | śamayiṣyete śāmayiṣyante | śamayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāmayitāsmi | śamayitāsmi śāmayitāsvaḥ | śamayitāsvaḥ śāmayitāsmaḥ | śamayitāsmaḥ
Secondśāmayitāsi | śamayitāsi śāmayitāsthaḥ | śamayitāsthaḥ śāmayitāstha | śamayitāstha
Thirdśāmayitā | śamayitā śāmayitārau | śamayitārau śāmayitāraḥ | śamayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śamita m. n. śamitā f.

Past Passive Participle
śāmita m. n. śāmitā f.

Past Active Participle
śāmitavat m. n. śāmitavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śamitavat m. n. śamitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śamayat m. n. śamayantī f.

Present Active Participle
śāmayat m. n. śāmayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
śāmayamāna m. n. śāmayamānā f.

Present Middle Participle
śamayamāna m. n. śamayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śamyamāna m. n. śamyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śāmyamāna m. n. śāmyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śāmayiṣyat m. n. śāmayiṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
śamayiṣyat m. n. śamayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
śamayiṣyamāṇa m. n. śamayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
śāmayiṣyamāṇa m. n. śāmayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
śāmya m. n. śāmyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śāmanīya m. n. śāmanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śamya m. n. śamyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śamanīya m. n. śamanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śāmayitum

Infinitive
śamayitum

Absolutive
śāmayitvā

Absolutive
śamayitvā

Absolutive
-śāmayya

Absolutive
-śamayya

Periphrastic Perfect
śāmayām

Periphrastic Perfect
śamayām

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