The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of chand

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandāmi chandāvaḥ chandāmaḥ
Secondchandasi chandathaḥ chandatha
Thirdchandati chandataḥ chandanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchande chandāvahe chandāmahe
Secondchandase chandethe chandadhve
Thirdchandate chandete chandante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandye chandyāvahe chandyāmahe
Secondchandyase chandyethe chandyadhve
Thirdchandyate chandyete chandyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchandam acchandāva acchandāma
Secondacchandaḥ acchandatam acchandata
Thirdacchandat acchandatām acchandan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchande acchandāvahi acchandāmahi
Secondacchandathāḥ acchandethām acchandadhvam
Thirdacchandata acchandetām acchandanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchandye acchandyāvahi acchandyāmahi
Secondacchandyathāḥ acchandyethām acchandyadhvam
Thirdacchandyata acchandyetām acchandyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandeyam chandeva chandema
Secondchandeḥ chandetam chandeta
Thirdchandet chandetām chandeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandeya chandevahi chandemahi
Secondchandethāḥ chandeyāthām chandedhvam
Thirdchandeta chandeyātām chanderan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandyeya chandyevahi chandyemahi
Secondchandyethāḥ chandyeyāthām chandyedhvam
Thirdchandyeta chandyeyātām chandyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandāni chandāva chandāma
Secondchanda chandatam chandata
Thirdchandatu chandatām chandantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandai chandāvahai chandāmahai
Secondchandasva chandethām chandadhvam
Thirdchandatām chandetām chandantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandyai chandyāvahai chandyāmahai
Secondchandyasva chandyethām chandyadhvam
Thirdchandyatām chandyetām chandyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandiṣyāmi chandiṣyāvaḥ chandiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchandiṣyasi chandiṣyathaḥ chandiṣyatha
Thirdchandiṣyati chandiṣyataḥ chandiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandiṣye chandiṣyāvahe chandiṣyāmahe
Secondchandiṣyase chandiṣyethe chandiṣyadhve
Thirdchandiṣyate chandiṣyete chandiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchanditāsmi chanditāsvaḥ chanditāsmaḥ
Secondchanditāsi chanditāsthaḥ chanditāstha
Thirdchanditā chanditārau chanditāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacchanda cacchandiva cacchandima
Secondcacchanditha cacchandathuḥ cacchanda
Thirdcacchanda cacchandatuḥ cacchanduḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcacchande cacchandivahe cacchandimahe
Secondcacchandiṣe cacchandāthe cacchandidhve
Thirdcacchande cacchandāte cacchandire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chandita m. n. chanditā f.

Past Active Participle
chanditavat m. n. chanditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chandat m. n. chandantī f.

Present Middle Participle
chandamāna m. n. chandamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
chandyamāna m. n. chandyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chandiṣyat m. n. chandiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
chandiṣyamāṇa m. n. chandiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
chanditavya m. n. chanditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chandya m. n. chandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chandanīya m. n. chandanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacchandvaḥ m. n. cacchanduṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cacchandāna m. n. cacchandānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chanditum

Absolutive
chanditvā

Absolutive
-chandya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayāmi chandayāvaḥ chandayāmaḥ
Secondchandayasi chandayathaḥ chandayatha
Thirdchandayati chandayataḥ chandayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandaye chandayāvahe chandayāmahe
Secondchandayase chandayethe chandayadhve
Thirdchandayate chandayete chandayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandye chandyāvahe chandyāmahe
Secondchandyase chandyethe chandyadhve
Thirdchandyate chandyete chandyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchandayam acchandayāva acchandayāma
Secondacchandayaḥ acchandayatam acchandayata
Thirdacchandayat acchandayatām acchandayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchandaye acchandayāvahi acchandayāmahi
Secondacchandayathāḥ acchandayethām acchandayadhvam
Thirdacchandayata acchandayetām acchandayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchandye acchandyāvahi acchandyāmahi
Secondacchandyathāḥ acchandyethām acchandyadhvam
Thirdacchandyata acchandyetām acchandyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayeyam chandayeva chandayema
Secondchandayeḥ chandayetam chandayeta
Thirdchandayet chandayetām chandayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayeya chandayevahi chandayemahi
Secondchandayethāḥ chandayeyāthām chandayedhvam
Thirdchandayeta chandayeyātām chandayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandyeya chandyevahi chandyemahi
Secondchandyethāḥ chandyeyāthām chandyedhvam
Thirdchandyeta chandyeyātām chandyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayāni chandayāva chandayāma
Secondchandaya chandayatam chandayata
Thirdchandayatu chandayatām chandayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayai chandayāvahai chandayāmahai
Secondchandayasva chandayethām chandayadhvam
Thirdchandayatām chandayetām chandayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandyai chandyāvahai chandyāmahai
Secondchandyasva chandyethām chandyadhvam
Thirdchandyatām chandyetām chandyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayiṣyāmi chandayiṣyāvaḥ chandayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchandayiṣyasi chandayiṣyathaḥ chandayiṣyatha
Thirdchandayiṣyati chandayiṣyataḥ chandayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayiṣye chandayiṣyāvahe chandayiṣyāmahe
Secondchandayiṣyase chandayiṣyethe chandayiṣyadhve
Thirdchandayiṣyate chandayiṣyete chandayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchandayitāsmi chandayitāsvaḥ chandayitāsmaḥ
Secondchandayitāsi chandayitāsthaḥ chandayitāstha
Thirdchandayitā chandayitārau chandayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chandita m. n. chanditā f.

Past Active Participle
chanditavat m. n. chanditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chandayat m. n. chandayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
chandayamāna m. n. chandayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
chandyamāna m. n. chandyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chandayiṣyat m. n. chandayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
chandayiṣyamāṇa m. n. chandayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
chandya m. n. chandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chandanīya m. n. chandanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chandayitavya m. n. chandayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chandayitum

Absolutive
chandayitvā

Absolutive
-chandya

Periphrastic Perfect
chandayām

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