The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śad

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśīye śīyāvahe śīyāmahe
Secondśīyase śīyethe śīyadhve
Thirdśīyate śīyete śīyante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśadye śadyāvahe śadyāmahe
Secondśadyase śadyethe śadyadhve
Thirdśadyate śadyete śadyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśīye aśīyāvahi aśīyāmahi
Secondaśīyathāḥ aśīyethām aśīyadhvam
Thirdaśīyata aśīyetām aśīyanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśadye aśadyāvahi aśadyāmahi
Secondaśadyathāḥ aśadyethām aśadyadhvam
Thirdaśadyata aśadyetām aśadyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśīyeya śīyevahi śīyemahi
Secondśīyethāḥ śīyeyāthām śīyedhvam
Thirdśīyeta śīyeyātām śīyeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśadyeya śadyevahi śadyemahi
Secondśadyethāḥ śadyeyāthām śadyedhvam
Thirdśadyeta śadyeyātām śadyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśīyai śīyāvahai śīyāmahai
Secondśīyasva śīyethām śīyadhvam
Thirdśīyatām śīyetām śīyantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśadyai śadyāvahai śadyāmahai
Secondśadyasva śadyethām śadyadhvam
Thirdśadyatām śadyetām śadyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśatsye śatsyāvahe śatsyāmahe
Secondśatsyase śatsyethe śatsyadhve
Thirdśatsyate śatsyete śatsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśattāsmi śattāsvaḥ śattāsmaḥ
Secondśattāsi śattāsthaḥ śattāstha
Thirdśattā śattārau śattāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśede śedivahe śedimahe
Secondśediṣe śedāthe śedidhve
Thirdśede śedāte śedire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śanna m. n. śannā f.

Past Active Participle
śannavat m. n. śannavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
śīyamāna m. n. śīyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śadyamāna m. n. śadyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
śatsyamāna m. n. śatsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
śattavya m. n. śattavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śādya m. n. śādyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śadanīya m. n. śadanīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
śedāna m. n. śedānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śattum

Absolutive
śattvā

Absolutive
-śadya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayāmi | śātayāmi śādayāvaḥ | śātayāvaḥ śādayāmaḥ | śātayāmaḥ
Secondśādayasi | śātayasi śādayathaḥ | śātayathaḥ śādayatha | śātayatha
Thirdśādayati | śātayati śādayataḥ | śātayataḥ śādayanti | śātayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśādaye | śātaye śādayāvahe | śātayāvahe śādayāmahe | śātayāmahe
Secondśādayase | śātayase śādayethe | śātayethe śādayadhve | śātayadhve
Thirdśādayate | śātayate śādayete | śātayete śādayante | śātayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādye | śātye śādyāvahe | śātyāvahe śādyāmahe | śātyāmahe
Secondśādyase | śātyase śādyethe | śātyethe śādyadhve | śātyadhve
Thirdśādyate | śātyate śādyete | śātyete śādyante | śātyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśādayam | aśātayam aśādayāva | aśātayāva aśādayāma | aśātayāma
Secondaśādayaḥ | aśātayaḥ aśādayatam | aśātayatam aśādayata | aśātayata
Thirdaśādayat | aśātayat aśādayatām | aśātayatām aśādayan | aśātayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśādaye | aśātaye aśādayāvahi | aśātayāvahi aśādayāmahi | aśātayāmahi
Secondaśādayathāḥ | aśātayathāḥ aśādayethām | aśātayethām aśādayadhvam | aśātayadhvam
Thirdaśādayata | aśātayata aśādayetām | aśātayetām aśādayanta | aśātayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśādye | aśātye aśādyāvahi | aśātyāvahi aśādyāmahi | aśātyāmahi
Secondaśādyathāḥ | aśātyathāḥ aśādyethām | aśātyethām aśādyadhvam | aśātyadhvam
Thirdaśādyata | aśātyata aśādyetām | aśātyetām aśādyanta | aśātyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayeyam | śātayeyam śādayeva | śātayeva śādayema | śātayema
Secondśādayeḥ | śātayeḥ śādayetam | śātayetam śādayeta | śātayeta
Thirdśādayet | śātayet śādayetām | śātayetām śādayeyuḥ | śātayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayeya | śātayeya śādayevahi | śātayevahi śādayemahi | śātayemahi
Secondśādayethāḥ | śātayethāḥ śādayeyāthām | śātayeyāthām śādayedhvam | śātayedhvam
Thirdśādayeta | śātayeta śādayeyātām | śātayeyātām śādayeran | śātayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādyeya | śātyeya śādyevahi | śātyevahi śādyemahi | śātyemahi
Secondśādyethāḥ | śātyethāḥ śādyeyāthām | śātyeyāthām śādyedhvam | śātyedhvam
Thirdśādyeta | śātyeta śādyeyātām | śātyeyātām śādyeran | śātyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayāni | śātayāni śādayāva | śātayāva śādayāma | śātayāma
Secondśādaya | śātaya śādayatam | śātayatam śādayata | śātayata
Thirdśādayatu | śātayatu śādayatām | śātayatām śādayantu | śātayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayai | śātayai śādayāvahai | śātayāvahai śādayāmahai | śātayāmahai
Secondśādayasva | śātayasva śādayethām | śātayethām śādayadhvam | śātayadhvam
Thirdśādayatām | śātayatām śādayetām | śātayetām śādayantām | śātayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādyai | śātyai śādyāvahai | śātyāvahai śādyāmahai | śātyāmahai
Secondśādyasva | śātyasva śādyethām | śātyethām śādyadhvam | śātyadhvam
Thirdśādyatām | śātyatām śādyetām | śātyetām śādyantām | śātyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayiṣyāmi | śātayiṣyāmi śādayiṣyāvaḥ | śātayiṣyāvaḥ śādayiṣyāmaḥ | śātayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśādayiṣyasi | śātayiṣyasi śādayiṣyathaḥ | śātayiṣyathaḥ śādayiṣyatha | śātayiṣyatha
Thirdśādayiṣyati | śātayiṣyati śādayiṣyataḥ | śātayiṣyataḥ śādayiṣyanti | śātayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayiṣye | śātayiṣye śādayiṣyāvahe | śātayiṣyāvahe śādayiṣyāmahe | śātayiṣyāmahe
Secondśādayiṣyase | śātayiṣyase śādayiṣyethe | śātayiṣyethe śādayiṣyadhve | śātayiṣyadhve
Thirdśādayiṣyate | śātayiṣyate śādayiṣyete | śātayiṣyete śādayiṣyante | śātayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśādayitāsmi | śātayitāsmi śādayitāsvaḥ | śātayitāsvaḥ śādayitāsmaḥ | śātayitāsmaḥ
Secondśādayitāsi | śātayitāsi śādayitāsthaḥ | śātayitāsthaḥ śādayitāstha | śātayitāstha
Thirdśādayitā | śātayitā śādayitārau | śātayitārau śādayitāraḥ | śātayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śātita m. n. śātitā f.

Past Passive Participle
śādita m. n. śāditā f.

Past Active Participle
śāditavat m. n. śāditavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śātitavat m. n. śātitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śātayat m. n. śātayantī f.

Present Active Participle
śādayat m. n. śādayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
śādayamāna m. n. śādayamānā f.

Present Middle Participle
śātayamāna m. n. śātayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śātyamāna m. n. śātyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śādyamāna m. n. śādyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śādayiṣyat m. n. śādayiṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
śātayiṣyat m. n. śātayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
śātayiṣyamāṇa m. n. śātayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
śādayiṣyamāṇa m. n. śādayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
śādya m. n. śādyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śādanīya m. n. śādanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śādayitavya m. n. śādayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śātya m. n. śātyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śātanīya m. n. śātanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śātayitavya m. n. śātayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śādayitum

Infinitive
śātayitum

Absolutive
śādayitvā

Absolutive
śātayitvā

Absolutive
-śādya

Absolutive
-śātya

Periphrastic Perfect
śādayām

Periphrastic Perfect
śātayām

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