The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of val

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalāmi valāvaḥ valāmaḥ
Secondvalasi valathaḥ valatha
Thirdvalati valataḥ valanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvale valāvahe valāmahe
Secondvalase valethe valadhve
Thirdvalate valete valante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalye valyāvahe valyāmahe
Secondvalyase valyethe valyadhve
Thirdvalyate valyete valyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavalam avalāva avalāma
Secondavalaḥ avalatam avalata
Thirdavalat avalatām avalan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavale avalāvahi avalāmahi
Secondavalathāḥ avalethām avaladhvam
Thirdavalata avaletām avalanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavalye avalyāvahi avalyāmahi
Secondavalyathāḥ avalyethām avalyadhvam
Thirdavalyata avalyetām avalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvaleyam valeva valema
Secondvaleḥ valetam valeta
Thirdvalet valetām valeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvaleya valevahi valemahi
Secondvalethāḥ valeyāthām valedhvam
Thirdvaleta valeyātām valeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalyeya valyevahi valyemahi
Secondvalyethāḥ valyeyāthām valyedhvam
Thirdvalyeta valyeyātām valyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalāni valāva valāma
Secondvala valatam valata
Thirdvalatu valatām valantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvalai valāvahai valāmahai
Secondvalasva valethām valadhvam
Thirdvalatām valetām valantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalyai valyāvahai valyāmahai
Secondvalyasva valyethām valyadhvam
Thirdvalyatām valyetām valyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvaliṣyāmi valiṣyāvaḥ valiṣyāmaḥ
Secondvaliṣyasi valiṣyathaḥ valiṣyatha
Thirdvaliṣyati valiṣyataḥ valiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvaliṣye valiṣyāvahe valiṣyāmahe
Secondvaliṣyase valiṣyethe valiṣyadhve
Thirdvaliṣyate valiṣyete valiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalitāsmi valitāsvaḥ valitāsmaḥ
Secondvalitāsi valitāsthaḥ valitāstha
Thirdvalitā valitārau valitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvavāla | vavala vavaliva vavalima
Secondvavalitha vavalathuḥ vavala
Thirdvavāla vavalatuḥ vavaluḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvavale vavalivahe vavalimahe
Secondvavaliṣe vavalāthe vavalidhve
Thirdvavale vavalāte vavalire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
valita m. n. valitā f.

Past Active Participle
valitavat m. n. valitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
valat m. n. valantī f.

Present Middle Participle
valamāna m. n. valamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
valyamāna m. n. valyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
valiṣyat m. n. valiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
valiṣyamāṇa m. n. valiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
valitavya m. n. valitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vālya m. n. vālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
valanīya m. n. valanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
vavalvaḥ m. n. vavaluṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
vavalāna m. n. vavalānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
valitum

Absolutive
valitvā

Absolutive
-valya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayāmi valayāvaḥ valayāmaḥ
Secondvalayasi valayathaḥ valayatha
Thirdvalayati valayataḥ valayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvalaye valayāvahe valayāmahe
Secondvalayase valayethe valayadhve
Thirdvalayate valayete valayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalye valyāvahe valyāmahe
Secondvalyase valyethe valyadhve
Thirdvalyate valyete valyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavalayam avalayāva avalayāma
Secondavalayaḥ avalayatam avalayata
Thirdavalayat avalayatām avalayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavalaye avalayāvahi avalayāmahi
Secondavalayathāḥ avalayethām avalayadhvam
Thirdavalayata avalayetām avalayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavalye avalyāvahi avalyāmahi
Secondavalyathāḥ avalyethām avalyadhvam
Thirdavalyata avalyetām avalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayeyam valayeva valayema
Secondvalayeḥ valayetam valayeta
Thirdvalayet valayetām valayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayeya valayevahi valayemahi
Secondvalayethāḥ valayeyāthām valayedhvam
Thirdvalayeta valayeyātām valayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalyeya valyevahi valyemahi
Secondvalyethāḥ valyeyāthām valyedhvam
Thirdvalyeta valyeyātām valyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayāni valayāva valayāma
Secondvalaya valayatam valayata
Thirdvalayatu valayatām valayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayai valayāvahai valayāmahai
Secondvalayasva valayethām valayadhvam
Thirdvalayatām valayetām valayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalyai valyāvahai valyāmahai
Secondvalyasva valyethām valyadhvam
Thirdvalyatām valyetām valyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayiṣyāmi valayiṣyāvaḥ valayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondvalayiṣyasi valayiṣyathaḥ valayiṣyatha
Thirdvalayiṣyati valayiṣyataḥ valayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayiṣye valayiṣyāvahe valayiṣyāmahe
Secondvalayiṣyase valayiṣyethe valayiṣyadhve
Thirdvalayiṣyate valayiṣyete valayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvalayitāsmi valayitāsvaḥ valayitāsmaḥ
Secondvalayitāsi valayitāsthaḥ valayitāstha
Thirdvalayitā valayitārau valayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
valita m. n. valitā f.

Past Active Participle
valitavat m. n. valitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
valayat m. n. valayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
valayamāna m. n. valayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
valyamāna m. n. valyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
valayiṣyat m. n. valayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
valayiṣyamāṇa m. n. valayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
valya m. n. valyā f.

Future Passive Participle
valanīya m. n. valanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
valayitavya m. n. valayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
valayitum

Absolutive
valayitvā

Absolutive
-valya

Periphrastic Perfect
valayām

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