The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kṛṣ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣāmi kṛṣāvaḥ kṛṣāmaḥ
Secondkṛṣasi kṛṣathaḥ kṛṣatha
Thirdkṛṣati kṛṣataḥ kṛṣanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣe kṛṣāvahe kṛṣāmahe
Secondkṛṣase kṛṣethe kṛṣadhve
Thirdkṛṣate kṛṣete kṛṣante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣye kṛṣyāvahe kṛṣyāmahe
Secondkṛṣyase kṛṣyethe kṛṣyadhve
Thirdkṛṣyate kṛṣyete kṛṣyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakṛṣam akṛṣāva akṛṣāma
Secondakṛṣaḥ akṛṣatam akṛṣata
Thirdakṛṣat akṛṣatām akṛṣan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakṛṣe akṛṣāvahi akṛṣāmahi
Secondakṛṣathāḥ akṛṣethām akṛṣadhvam
Thirdakṛṣata akṛṣetām akṛṣanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakṛṣye akṛṣyāvahi akṛṣyāmahi
Secondakṛṣyathāḥ akṛṣyethām akṛṣyadhvam
Thirdakṛṣyata akṛṣyetām akṛṣyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣeyam kṛṣeva kṛṣema
Secondkṛṣeḥ kṛṣetam kṛṣeta
Thirdkṛṣet kṛṣetām kṛṣeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣeya kṛṣevahi kṛṣemahi
Secondkṛṣethāḥ kṛṣeyāthām kṛṣedhvam
Thirdkṛṣeta kṛṣeyātām kṛṣeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣyeya kṛṣyevahi kṛṣyemahi
Secondkṛṣyethāḥ kṛṣyeyāthām kṛṣyedhvam
Thirdkṛṣyeta kṛṣyeyātām kṛṣyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣāṇi kṛṣāva kṛṣāma
Secondkṛṣa kṛṣatam kṛṣata
Thirdkṛṣatu kṛṣatām kṛṣantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣai kṛṣāvahai kṛṣāmahai
Secondkṛṣasva kṛṣethām kṛṣadhvam
Thirdkṛṣatām kṛṣetām kṛṣantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛṣyai kṛṣyāvahai kṛṣyāmahai
Secondkṛṣyasva kṛṣyethām kṛṣyadhvam
Thirdkṛṣyatām kṛṣyetām kṛṣyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkrakṣyāmi | karṣiṣyāmi | karkṣyāmi krakṣyāvaḥ | karṣiṣyāvaḥ | karkṣyāvaḥ krakṣyāmaḥ | karṣiṣyāmaḥ | karkṣyāmaḥ
Secondkrakṣyasi | karṣiṣyasi | karkṣyasi krakṣyathaḥ | karṣiṣyathaḥ | karkṣyathaḥ krakṣyatha | karṣiṣyatha | karkṣyatha
Thirdkrakṣyati | karṣiṣyati | karkṣyati krakṣyataḥ | karṣiṣyataḥ | karkṣyataḥ krakṣyanti | karṣiṣyanti | karkṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkrakṣye | karṣiṣye | karkṣye krakṣyāvahe | karṣiṣyāvahe | karkṣyāvahe krakṣyāmahe | karṣiṣyāmahe | karkṣyāmahe
Secondkrakṣyase | karṣiṣyase | karkṣyase krakṣyethe | karṣiṣyethe | karkṣyethe krakṣyadhve | karṣiṣyadhve | karkṣyadhve
Thirdkrakṣyate | karṣiṣyate | karkṣyate krakṣyete | karṣiṣyete | karkṣyete krakṣyante | karṣiṣyante | karkṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkraṣṭāsmi | karṣṭāsmi kraṣṭāsvaḥ | karṣṭāsvaḥ kraṣṭāsmaḥ | karṣṭāsmaḥ
Secondkraṣṭāsi | karṣṭāsi kraṣṭāsthaḥ | karṣṭāsthaḥ kraṣṭāstha | karṣṭāstha
Thirdkraṣṭā | karṣṭā kraṣṭārau | karṣṭārau kraṣṭāraḥ | karṣṭāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakarṣa cakṛṣiva cakṛṣima
Secondcakarṣitha cakṛṣathuḥ cakṛṣa
Thirdcakarṣa cakṛṣatuḥ cakṛṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcakṛṣe cakṛṣivahe cakṛṣimahe
Secondcakṛṣiṣe cakṛṣāthe cakṛṣidhve
Thirdcakṛṣe cakṛṣāte cakṛṣire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacīkṛṣam acīkṛṣāva acīkṛṣāma
Secondacīkṛṣaḥ acīkṛṣatam acīkṛṣata
Thirdacīkṛṣat acīkṛṣatām acīkṛṣan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacīkṛṣe acīkṛṣāvahi acīkṛṣāmahi
Secondacīkṛṣathāḥ acīkṛṣethām acīkṛṣadhvam
Thirdacīkṛṣata acīkṛṣetām acīkṛṣanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kṛṣṭa m. n. kṛṣṭā f.

Past Active Participle
kṛṣṭavat m. n. kṛṣṭavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kṛṣat m. n. kṛṣantī f.

Present Middle Participle
kṛṣamāṇa m. n. kṛṣamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
kṛṣyamāṇa m. n. kṛṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
krakṣyat m. n. krakṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
karkṣyat m. n. karkṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
karṣiṣyat m. n. karṣiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
karṣiṣyamāṇa m. n. karṣiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
karkṣyamāṇa m. n. karkṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
krakṣyamāṇa m. n. krakṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
karṣṭavya m. n. karṣṭavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kraṣṭavya m. n. kraṣṭavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kṛṣya m. n. kṛṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
karṣaṇīya m. n. karṣaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cakṛṣvaḥ m. n. cakṛṣuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cakṛṣāṇa m. n. cakṛṣāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kraṣṭum

Infinitive
karṣṭum

Absolutive
kṛṣṭvā

Absolutive
-kṛṣya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayāmi karṣayāvaḥ karṣayāmaḥ
Secondkarṣayasi karṣayathaḥ karṣayatha
Thirdkarṣayati karṣayataḥ karṣayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣaye karṣayāvahe karṣayāmahe
Secondkarṣayase karṣayethe karṣayadhve
Thirdkarṣayate karṣayete karṣayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣye karṣyāvahe karṣyāmahe
Secondkarṣyase karṣyethe karṣyadhve
Thirdkarṣyate karṣyete karṣyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakarṣayam akarṣayāva akarṣayāma
Secondakarṣayaḥ akarṣayatam akarṣayata
Thirdakarṣayat akarṣayatām akarṣayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakarṣaye akarṣayāvahi akarṣayāmahi
Secondakarṣayathāḥ akarṣayethām akarṣayadhvam
Thirdakarṣayata akarṣayetām akarṣayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakarṣye akarṣyāvahi akarṣyāmahi
Secondakarṣyathāḥ akarṣyethām akarṣyadhvam
Thirdakarṣyata akarṣyetām akarṣyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayeyam karṣayeva karṣayema
Secondkarṣayeḥ karṣayetam karṣayeta
Thirdkarṣayet karṣayetām karṣayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayeya karṣayevahi karṣayemahi
Secondkarṣayethāḥ karṣayeyāthām karṣayedhvam
Thirdkarṣayeta karṣayeyātām karṣayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣyeya karṣyevahi karṣyemahi
Secondkarṣyethāḥ karṣyeyāthām karṣyedhvam
Thirdkarṣyeta karṣyeyātām karṣyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayāṇi karṣayāva karṣayāma
Secondkarṣaya karṣayatam karṣayata
Thirdkarṣayatu karṣayatām karṣayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayai karṣayāvahai karṣayāmahai
Secondkarṣayasva karṣayethām karṣayadhvam
Thirdkarṣayatām karṣayetām karṣayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣyai karṣyāvahai karṣyāmahai
Secondkarṣyasva karṣyethām karṣyadhvam
Thirdkarṣyatām karṣyetām karṣyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayiṣyāmi karṣayiṣyāvaḥ karṣayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkarṣayiṣyasi karṣayiṣyathaḥ karṣayiṣyatha
Thirdkarṣayiṣyati karṣayiṣyataḥ karṣayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayiṣye karṣayiṣyāvahe karṣayiṣyāmahe
Secondkarṣayiṣyase karṣayiṣyethe karṣayiṣyadhve
Thirdkarṣayiṣyate karṣayiṣyete karṣayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarṣayitāsmi karṣayitāsvaḥ karṣayitāsmaḥ
Secondkarṣayitāsi karṣayitāsthaḥ karṣayitāstha
Thirdkarṣayitā karṣayitārau karṣayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
karṣita m. n. karṣitā f.

Past Active Participle
karṣitavat m. n. karṣitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
karṣayat m. n. karṣayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
karṣayamāṇa m. n. karṣayamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
karṣyamāṇa m. n. karṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
karṣayiṣyat m. n. karṣayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
karṣayiṣyamāṇa m. n. karṣayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
karṣya m. n. karṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
karṣaṇīya m. n. karṣaṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
karṣayitavya m. n. karṣayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
karṣayitum

Absolutive
karṣayitvā

Absolutive
-karṣya

Periphrastic Perfect
karṣayām

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2019
Logo Inria