The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of bhāṣ

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣe bhāṣāvahe bhāṣāmahe
Secondbhāṣase bhāṣethe bhāṣadhve
Thirdbhāṣate bhāṣete bhāṣante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣye bhāṣyāvahe bhāṣyāmahe
Secondbhāṣyase bhāṣyethe bhāṣyadhve
Thirdbhāṣyate bhāṣyete bhāṣyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstabhāṣe abhāṣāvahi abhāṣāmahi
Secondabhāṣathāḥ abhāṣethām abhāṣadhvam
Thirdabhāṣata abhāṣetām abhāṣanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstabhāṣye abhāṣyāvahi abhāṣyāmahi
Secondabhāṣyathāḥ abhāṣyethām abhāṣyadhvam
Thirdabhāṣyata abhāṣyetām abhāṣyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣeya bhāṣevahi bhāṣemahi
Secondbhāṣethāḥ bhāṣeyāthām bhāṣedhvam
Thirdbhāṣeta bhāṣeyātām bhāṣeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣyeya bhāṣyevahi bhāṣyemahi
Secondbhāṣyethāḥ bhāṣyeyāthām bhāṣyedhvam
Thirdbhāṣyeta bhāṣyeyātām bhāṣyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣai bhāṣāvahai bhāṣāmahai
Secondbhāṣasva bhāṣethām bhāṣadhvam
Thirdbhāṣatām bhāṣetām bhāṣantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣyai bhāṣyāvahai bhāṣyāmahai
Secondbhāṣyasva bhāṣyethām bhāṣyadhvam
Thirdbhāṣyatām bhāṣyetām bhāṣyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣiṣye bhāṣiṣyāvahe bhāṣiṣyāmahe
Secondbhāṣiṣyase bhāṣiṣyethe bhāṣiṣyadhve
Thirdbhāṣiṣyate bhāṣiṣyete bhāṣiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstbhāṣitāsmi bhāṣitāsvaḥ bhāṣitāsmaḥ
Secondbhāṣitāsi bhāṣitāsthaḥ bhāṣitāstha
Thirdbhāṣitā bhāṣitārau bhāṣitāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstbabhāṣe babhāṣivahe babhāṣimahe
Secondbabhāṣiṣe babhāṣāthe babhāṣidhve
Thirdbabhāṣe babhāṣāte babhāṣire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
bhāṣita m. n. bhāṣitā f.

Past Active Participle
bhāṣitavat m. n. bhāṣitavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
bhāṣamāṇa m. n. bhāṣamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
bhāṣyamāṇa m. n. bhāṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
bhāṣiṣyamāṇa m. n. bhāṣiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
bhāṣitavya m. n. bhāṣitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
bhāṣya m. n. bhāṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
bhāṣaṇīya m. n. bhāṣaṇīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
babhāṣāṇa m. n. babhāṣāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
bhāṣṭum

Infinitive
bhāṣitum

Absolutive
bhāṣitvā

Absolutive
-bhāṣya

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