The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of chṛd

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛṇadmi chṛndvaḥ chṛndmaḥ
Secondchṛṇatsi chṛntthaḥ chṛnttha
Thirdchṛṇatti chṛnttaḥ chṛndanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdye chṛdyāvahe chṛdyāmahe
Secondchṛdyase chṛdyethe chṛdyadhve
Thirdchṛdyate chṛdyete chṛdyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchṛṇadam acchṛndva acchṛndma
Secondacchṛṇaḥ | acchṛṇat acchṛnttam acchṛntta
Thirdacchṛṇat acchṛnttām acchṛndan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchṛdye acchṛdyāvahi acchṛdyāmahi
Secondacchṛdyathāḥ acchṛdyethām acchṛdyadhvam
Thirdacchṛdyata acchṛdyetām acchṛdyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛndyām chṛndyāva chṛndyāma
Secondchṛndyāḥ chṛndyātam chṛndyāta
Thirdchṛndyāt chṛndyātām chṛndyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdyeya chṛdyevahi chṛdyemahi
Secondchṛdyethāḥ chṛdyeyāthām chṛdyedhvam
Thirdchṛdyeta chṛdyeyātām chṛdyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛṇadāni chṛṇadāva chṛṇadāma
Secondchṛnddhi chṛnttam chṛntta
Thirdchṛṇattu chṛnttām chṛndantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchṛdyai chṛdyāvahai chṛdyāmahai
Secondchṛdyasva chṛdyethām chṛdyadhvam
Thirdchṛdyatām chṛdyetām chṛdyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardiṣyāmi chardiṣyāvaḥ chardiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchardiṣyasi chardiṣyathaḥ chardiṣyatha
Thirdchardiṣyati chardiṣyataḥ chardiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcharditāsmi charditāsvaḥ charditāsmaḥ
Secondcharditāsi charditāsthaḥ charditāstha
Thirdcharditā charditārau charditāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaccharda cacchṛdiva cacchṛdima
Secondcaccharditha cacchṛdathuḥ cacchṛda
Thirdcaccharda cacchṛdatuḥ cacchṛduḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chṛṇṇa m. n. chṛṇṇā f.

Past Active Participle
chṛṇṇavat m. n. chṛṇṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chṛndat m. n. chṛndatī f.

Present Passive Participle
chṛdyamāna m. n. chṛdyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chardiṣyat m. n. chardiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
charditavya m. n. charditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chṛdya m. n. chṛdyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chardanīya m. n. chardanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacchṛdvaḥ m. n. cacchṛduṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
charditum

Absolutive
chṛttvā

Absolutive
-chṛdya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayāmi chardayāvaḥ chardayāmaḥ
Secondchardayasi chardayathaḥ chardayatha
Thirdchardayati chardayataḥ chardayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchardaye chardayāvahe chardayāmahe
Secondchardayase chardayethe chardayadhve
Thirdchardayate chardayete chardayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardye chardyāvahe chardyāmahe
Secondchardyase chardyethe chardyadhve
Thirdchardyate chardyete chardyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchardayam acchardayāva acchardayāma
Secondacchardayaḥ acchardayatam acchardayata
Thirdacchardayat acchardayatām acchardayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchardaye acchardayāvahi acchardayāmahi
Secondacchardayathāḥ acchardayethām acchardayadhvam
Thirdacchardayata acchardayetām acchardayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchardye acchardyāvahi acchardyāmahi
Secondacchardyathāḥ acchardyethām acchardyadhvam
Thirdacchardyata acchardyetām acchardyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayeyam chardayeva chardayema
Secondchardayeḥ chardayetam chardayeta
Thirdchardayet chardayetām chardayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayeya chardayevahi chardayemahi
Secondchardayethāḥ chardayeyāthām chardayedhvam
Thirdchardayeta chardayeyātām chardayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardyeya chardyevahi chardyemahi
Secondchardyethāḥ chardyeyāthām chardyedhvam
Thirdchardyeta chardyeyātām chardyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayāni chardayāva chardayāma
Secondchardaya chardayatam chardayata
Thirdchardayatu chardayatām chardayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayai chardayāvahai chardayāmahai
Secondchardayasva chardayethām chardayadhvam
Thirdchardayatām chardayetām chardayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardyai chardyāvahai chardyāmahai
Secondchardyasva chardyethām chardyadhvam
Thirdchardyatām chardyetām chardyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayiṣyāmi chardayiṣyāvaḥ chardayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchardayiṣyasi chardayiṣyathaḥ chardayiṣyatha
Thirdchardayiṣyati chardayiṣyataḥ chardayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayiṣye chardayiṣyāvahe chardayiṣyāmahe
Secondchardayiṣyase chardayiṣyethe chardayiṣyadhve
Thirdchardayiṣyate chardayiṣyete chardayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchardayitāsmi chardayitāsvaḥ chardayitāsmaḥ
Secondchardayitāsi chardayitāsthaḥ chardayitāstha
Thirdchardayitā chardayitārau chardayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chardita m. n. charditā f.

Past Active Participle
charditavat m. n. charditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chardayat m. n. chardayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
chardayamāna m. n. chardayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
chardyamāna m. n. chardyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chardayiṣyat m. n. chardayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
chardayiṣyamāṇa m. n. chardayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
chardya m. n. chardyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chardanīya m. n. chardanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chardayitavya m. n. chardayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chardayitum

Absolutive
chardayitvā

Absolutive
-chardya

Periphrastic Perfect
chardayām

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