The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of su_2

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsunomi sunvaḥ | sunuvaḥ sunmaḥ | sunumaḥ
Secondsunoṣi sunuthaḥ sunutha
Thirdsunoti sunutaḥ sunvanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsunve sunvahe | sunuvahe sunmahe | sunumahe
Secondsunuṣe sunvāthe sunudhve
Thirdsunute sunvāte sunvate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūye sūyāvahe sūyāmahe
Secondsūyase sūyethe sūyadhve
Thirdsūyate sūyete sūyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasunavam asunva | asunuva asunma | asunuma
Secondasunoḥ asunutam asunuta
Thirdasunot asunutām asunvan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstasunvi asunvahi | asunuvahi asunmahi | asunumahi
Secondasunuthāḥ asunvāthām asunudhvam
Thirdasunuta asunvātām asunvata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasūye asūyāvahi asūyāmahi
Secondasūyathāḥ asūyethām asūyadhvam
Thirdasūyata asūyetām asūyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsunuyām sunuyāva sunuyāma
Secondsunuyāḥ sunuyātam sunuyāta
Thirdsunuyāt sunuyātām sunuyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsunvīya sunvīvahi sunvīmahi
Secondsunvīthāḥ sunvīyāthām sunvīdhvam
Thirdsunvīta sunvīyātām sunvīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūyeya sūyevahi sūyemahi
Secondsūyethāḥ sūyeyāthām sūyedhvam
Thirdsūyeta sūyeyātām sūyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsunavāni sunavāva sunavāma
Secondsunu sunutam sunuta
Thirdsunotu sunutām sunvantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsunavai sunavāvahai sunavāmahai
Secondsunuṣva sunvāthām sunudhvam
Thirdsunutām sunvātām sunvatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūyai sūyāvahai sūyāmahai
Secondsūyasva sūyethām sūyadhvam
Thirdsūyatām sūyetām sūyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsoṣyāmi | saviṣyāmi soṣyāvaḥ | saviṣyāvaḥ soṣyāmaḥ | saviṣyāmaḥ
Secondsoṣyasi | saviṣyasi soṣyathaḥ | saviṣyathaḥ soṣyatha | saviṣyatha
Thirdsoṣyati | saviṣyati soṣyataḥ | saviṣyataḥ soṣyanti | saviṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsoṣye | saviṣye soṣyāvahe | saviṣyāvahe soṣyāmahe | saviṣyāmahe
Secondsoṣyase | saviṣyase soṣyethe | saviṣyethe soṣyadhve | saviṣyadhve
Thirdsoṣyate | saviṣyate soṣyete | saviṣyete soṣyante | saviṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsotāsmi | savitāsmi sotāsvaḥ | savitāsvaḥ sotāsmaḥ | savitāsmaḥ
Secondsotāsi | savitāsi sotāsthaḥ | savitāsthaḥ sotāstha | savitāstha
Thirdsotā | savitā sotārau | savitārau sotāraḥ | savitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsuṣāva | suṣava suṣuva suṣuma
Secondsuṣotha | suṣavitha suṣuvathuḥ suṣuva
Thirdsuṣāva suṣuvatuḥ suṣuvuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsuṣuve suṣuvahe suṣumahe
Secondsuṣuṣe suṣuvāthe suṣudhve
Thirdsuṣuve suṣuvāte suṣuvire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
suta m. n. sutā f.

Past Active Participle
sutavat m. n. sutavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sunvat m. n. sunvatī f.

Present Middle Participle
sunvāna m. n. sunvānā f.

Present Passive Participle
sūyamāna m. n. sūyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
soṣyat m. n. soṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
saviṣyat m. n. saviṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
saviṣyamāṇa m. n. saviṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
soṣyamāṇa m. n. soṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
sotavya m. n. sotavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savitavya m. n. savitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savya m. n. savyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savanīya m. n. savanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
suṣuvaḥ m. n. suṣūṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
suṣvāṇa m. n. suṣvāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sotum

Infinitive
savitum

Absolutive
sutvā

Absolutive
-sutya

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