The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of spand

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspande spandāvahe spandāmahe
Secondspandase spandethe spandadhve
Thirdspandate spandete spandante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandye spandyāvahe spandyāmahe
Secondspandyase spandyethe spandyadhve
Thirdspandyate spandyete spandyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaspande aspandāvahi aspandāmahi
Secondaspandathāḥ aspandethām aspandadhvam
Thirdaspandata aspandetām aspandanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaspandye aspandyāvahi aspandyāmahi
Secondaspandyathāḥ aspandyethām aspandyadhvam
Thirdaspandyata aspandyetām aspandyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandeya spandevahi spandemahi
Secondspandethāḥ spandeyāthām spandedhvam
Thirdspandeta spandeyātām spanderan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandyeya spandyevahi spandyemahi
Secondspandyethāḥ spandyeyāthām spandyedhvam
Thirdspandyeta spandyeyātām spandyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandai spandāvahai spandāmahai
Secondspandasva spandethām spandadhvam
Thirdspandatām spandetām spandantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandyai spandyāvahai spandyāmahai
Secondspandyasva spandyethām spandyadhvam
Thirdspandyatām spandyetām spandyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandiṣye spandiṣyāvahe spandiṣyāmahe
Secondspandiṣyase spandiṣyethe spandiṣyadhve
Thirdspandiṣyate spandiṣyete spandiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspanditāsmi spanditāsvaḥ spanditāsmaḥ
Secondspanditāsi spanditāsthaḥ spanditāstha
Thirdspanditā spanditārau spanditāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpaspande paspandivahe paspandimahe
Secondpaspandiṣe paspandāthe paspandidhve
Thirdpaspande paspandāte paspandire


Aorist

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaspandiṣi aspandiṣvahi aspandiṣmahi
Secondaspandiṣṭhāḥ aspandiṣāthām aspandidhvam
Thirdaspandiṣṭa aspandiṣātām aspandiṣata


Injunctive

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandiṣi spandiṣvahi spandiṣmahi
Secondspandiṣṭhāḥ spandiṣāthām spandidhvam
Thirdspandiṣṭa spandiṣātām spandiṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
spandita m. n. spanditā f.

Past Active Participle
spanditavat m. n. spanditavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
spandamāna m. n. spandamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
spandyamāna m. n. spandyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
spandiṣyamāṇa m. n. spandiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
spanditavya m. n. spanditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
spandya m. n. spandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
spandanīya m. n. spandanīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
paspandāna m. n. paspandānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
spanditum

Absolutive
spanditvā

Absolutive
-spandya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayāmi spandayāvaḥ spandayāmaḥ
Secondspandayasi spandayathaḥ spandayatha
Thirdspandayati spandayataḥ spandayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandaye spandayāvahe spandayāmahe
Secondspandayase spandayethe spandayadhve
Thirdspandayate spandayete spandayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandye spandyāvahe spandyāmahe
Secondspandyase spandyethe spandyadhve
Thirdspandyate spandyete spandyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaspandayam aspandayāva aspandayāma
Secondaspandayaḥ aspandayatam aspandayata
Thirdaspandayat aspandayatām aspandayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaspandaye aspandayāvahi aspandayāmahi
Secondaspandayathāḥ aspandayethām aspandayadhvam
Thirdaspandayata aspandayetām aspandayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaspandye aspandyāvahi aspandyāmahi
Secondaspandyathāḥ aspandyethām aspandyadhvam
Thirdaspandyata aspandyetām aspandyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayeyam spandayeva spandayema
Secondspandayeḥ spandayetam spandayeta
Thirdspandayet spandayetām spandayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayeya spandayevahi spandayemahi
Secondspandayethāḥ spandayeyāthām spandayedhvam
Thirdspandayeta spandayeyātām spandayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandyeya spandyevahi spandyemahi
Secondspandyethāḥ spandyeyāthām spandyedhvam
Thirdspandyeta spandyeyātām spandyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayāni spandayāva spandayāma
Secondspandaya spandayatam spandayata
Thirdspandayatu spandayatām spandayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayai spandayāvahai spandayāmahai
Secondspandayasva spandayethām spandayadhvam
Thirdspandayatām spandayetām spandayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandyai spandyāvahai spandyāmahai
Secondspandyasva spandyethām spandyadhvam
Thirdspandyatām spandyetām spandyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayiṣyāmi spandayiṣyāvaḥ spandayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondspandayiṣyasi spandayiṣyathaḥ spandayiṣyatha
Thirdspandayiṣyati spandayiṣyataḥ spandayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayiṣye spandayiṣyāvahe spandayiṣyāmahe
Secondspandayiṣyase spandayiṣyethe spandayiṣyadhve
Thirdspandayiṣyate spandayiṣyete spandayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspandayitāsmi spandayitāsvaḥ spandayitāsmaḥ
Secondspandayitāsi spandayitāsthaḥ spandayitāstha
Thirdspandayitā spandayitārau spandayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
spandita m. n. spanditā f.

Past Active Participle
spanditavat m. n. spanditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
spandayat m. n. spandayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
spandayamāna m. n. spandayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
spandyamāna m. n. spandyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
spandayiṣyat m. n. spandayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
spandayiṣyamāṇa m. n. spandayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
spandya m. n. spandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
spandanīya m. n. spandanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
spandayitavya m. n. spandayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
spandayitum

Absolutive
spandayitvā

Absolutive
-spandya

Periphrastic Perfect
spandayām

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2019
Logo Inria