The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of hā_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjahāmi jahīvaḥ | jahivaḥ jahīmaḥ | jahimaḥ
Secondjahāsi jahīthaḥ | jahithaḥ jahītha | jahitha
Thirdjahāti jahītaḥ | jahitaḥ jahati


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthīye hīyāvahe hīyāmahe
Secondhīyase hīyethe hīyadhve
Thirdhīyate hīyete hīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajahām ajahīva | ajahiva ajahīma | ajahima
Secondajahiḥ | ajahāḥ ajahītam | ajahitam ajahīta | ajahita
Thirdajahit | ajahāt ajahītām | ajahitām ajahuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahīye ahīyāvahi ahīyāmahi
Secondahīyathāḥ ahīyethām ahīyadhvam
Thirdahīyata ahīyetām ahīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjahyām jahyāva jahyāma
Secondjahyāḥ jahyātam jahyāta
Thirdjahyāt jahyātām jahyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthīyeya hīyevahi hīyemahi
Secondhīyethāḥ hīyeyāthām hīyedhvam
Thirdhīyeta hīyeyātām hīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjahāni jahāva jahāma
Secondjahīhi | jahihi | jahāhi jahītam | jahitam jahīta | jahita
Thirdjahitu | jahātu jahītām | jahitām jahatu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthīyai hīyāvahai hīyāmahai
Secondhīyasva hīyethām hīyadhvam
Thirdhīyatām hīyetām hīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāsyāmi | jahiṣyāmi hāsyāvaḥ | jahiṣyāvaḥ hāsyāmaḥ | jahiṣyāmaḥ
Secondhāsyasi | jahiṣyasi hāsyathaḥ | jahiṣyathaḥ hāsyatha | jahiṣyatha
Thirdhāsyati | jahiṣyati hāsyataḥ | jahiṣyataḥ hāsyanti | jahiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthātāsmi | jahitāsmi hātāsvaḥ | jahitāsvaḥ hātāsmaḥ | jahitāsmaḥ
Secondhātāsi | jahitāsi hātāsthaḥ | jahitāsthaḥ hātāstha | jahitāstha
Thirdhātā | jahitā hātārau | jahitārau hātāraḥ | jahitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjahau jahiva jahima
Secondjahitha | jahātha jahathuḥ jaha
Thirdjahau jahatuḥ jahuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahām | ajījaham ahāva | ajījahāva ahāma | ajījahāma
Secondahāḥ | ajījahaḥ ahātam | ajījahatam ahāta | ajījahata
Thirdahāt | ajījahat ahātām | ajījahatām ahuḥ | ajījahan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
First
Second
Thirdahāyi

Participles

Past Passive Participle
hāta m. n. hātā f.

Past Passive Participle
hāna m. n. hānā f.

Past Passive Participle
hīna m. n. hīnā f.

Past Active Participle
hīnavat m. n. hīnavatī f.

Past Active Participle
hānavat m. n. hānavatī f.

Past Active Participle
hātavat m. n. hātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jahat m. n. jahatī f.

Present Passive Participle
hīyamāna m. n. hīyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
hāsyat m. n. hāsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
jahiṣyat m. n. jahiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
hātavya m. n. hātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jahitavya m. n. jahitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
heya m. n. heyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hānīya m. n. hānīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jahivaḥ m. n. jahuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
hātum

Infinitive
jahitum

Absolutive
hītvā

Absolutive
hātvā

Absolutive
-hīya

Absolutive
-hāya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayāmi hāpayāvaḥ hāpayāmaḥ
Secondhāpayasi hāpayathaḥ hāpayatha
Thirdhāpayati hāpayataḥ hāpayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpaye hāpayāvahe hāpayāmahe
Secondhāpayase hāpayethe hāpayadhve
Thirdhāpayate hāpayete hāpayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpye hāpyāvahe hāpyāmahe
Secondhāpyase hāpyethe hāpyadhve
Thirdhāpyate hāpyete hāpyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahāpayam ahāpayāva ahāpayāma
Secondahāpayaḥ ahāpayatam ahāpayata
Thirdahāpayat ahāpayatām ahāpayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstahāpaye ahāpayāvahi ahāpayāmahi
Secondahāpayathāḥ ahāpayethām ahāpayadhvam
Thirdahāpayata ahāpayetām ahāpayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahāpye ahāpyāvahi ahāpyāmahi
Secondahāpyathāḥ ahāpyethām ahāpyadhvam
Thirdahāpyata ahāpyetām ahāpyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayeyam hāpayeva hāpayema
Secondhāpayeḥ hāpayetam hāpayeta
Thirdhāpayet hāpayetām hāpayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayeya hāpayevahi hāpayemahi
Secondhāpayethāḥ hāpayeyāthām hāpayedhvam
Thirdhāpayeta hāpayeyātām hāpayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpyeya hāpyevahi hāpyemahi
Secondhāpyethāḥ hāpyeyāthām hāpyedhvam
Thirdhāpyeta hāpyeyātām hāpyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayāni hāpayāva hāpayāma
Secondhāpaya hāpayatam hāpayata
Thirdhāpayatu hāpayatām hāpayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayai hāpayāvahai hāpayāmahai
Secondhāpayasva hāpayethām hāpayadhvam
Thirdhāpayatām hāpayetām hāpayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpyai hāpyāvahai hāpyāmahai
Secondhāpyasva hāpyethām hāpyadhvam
Thirdhāpyatām hāpyetām hāpyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayiṣyāmi hāpayiṣyāvaḥ hāpayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondhāpayiṣyasi hāpayiṣyathaḥ hāpayiṣyatha
Thirdhāpayiṣyati hāpayiṣyataḥ hāpayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayiṣye hāpayiṣyāvahe hāpayiṣyāmahe
Secondhāpayiṣyase hāpayiṣyethe hāpayiṣyadhve
Thirdhāpayiṣyate hāpayiṣyete hāpayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthāpayitāsmi hāpayitāsvaḥ hāpayitāsmaḥ
Secondhāpayitāsi hāpayitāsthaḥ hāpayitāstha
Thirdhāpayitā hāpayitārau hāpayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
hāpita m. n. hāpitā f.

Past Active Participle
hāpitavat m. n. hāpitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
hāpayat m. n. hāpayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
hāpayamāna m. n. hāpayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
hāpyamāna m. n. hāpyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
hāpayiṣyat m. n. hāpayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
hāpayiṣyamāṇa m. n. hāpayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
hāpya m. n. hāpyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hāpanīya m. n. hāpanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hāpayitavya m. n. hāpayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
hāpayitum

Absolutive
hāpayitvā

Absolutive
-hāpya

Periphrastic Perfect
hāpayām

Desiderative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsāmi jihāsāvaḥ jihāsāmaḥ
Secondjihāsasi jihāsathaḥ jihāsatha
Thirdjihāsati jihāsataḥ jihāsanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsye jihāsyāvahe jihāsyāmahe
Secondjihāsyase jihāsyethe jihāsyadhve
Thirdjihāsyate jihāsyete jihāsyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajihāsam ajihāsāva ajihāsāma
Secondajihāsaḥ ajihāsatam ajihāsata
Thirdajihāsat ajihāsatām ajihāsan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajihāsye ajihāsyāvahi ajihāsyāmahi
Secondajihāsyathāḥ ajihāsyethām ajihāsyadhvam
Thirdajihāsyata ajihāsyetām ajihāsyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāseyam jihāseva jihāsema
Secondjihāseḥ jihāsetam jihāseta
Thirdjihāset jihāsetām jihāseyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsyeya jihāsyevahi jihāsyemahi
Secondjihāsyethāḥ jihāsyeyāthām jihāsyedhvam
Thirdjihāsyeta jihāsyeyātām jihāsyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsāni jihāsāva jihāsāma
Secondjihāsa jihāsatam jihāsata
Thirdjihāsatu jihāsatām jihāsantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsyai jihāsyāvahai jihāsyāmahai
Secondjihāsyasva jihāsyethām jihāsyadhvam
Thirdjihāsyatām jihāsyetām jihāsyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsyāmi jihāsyāvaḥ jihāsyāmaḥ
Secondjihāsyasi jihāsyathaḥ jihāsyatha
Thirdjihāsyati jihāsyataḥ jihāsyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjihāsitāsmi jihāsitāsvaḥ jihāsitāsmaḥ
Secondjihāsitāsi jihāsitāsthaḥ jihāsitāstha
Thirdjihāsitā jihāsitārau jihāsitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjijihāsa jijihāsiva jijihāsima
Secondjijihāsitha jijihāsathuḥ jijihāsa
Thirdjijihāsa jijihāsatuḥ jijihāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jihāsita m. n. jihāsitā f.

Past Active Participle
jihāsitavat m. n. jihāsitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jihāsat m. n. jihāsantī f.

Present Passive Participle
jihāsyamāna m. n. jihāsyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
jihāsyat m. n. jihāsyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
jihāsanīya m. n. jihāsanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jihāsya m. n. jihāsyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jihāsitavya m. n. jihāsitavyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jijihāsvaḥ m. n. jijihāsuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jihāsitum

Absolutive
jihāsitvā

Absolutive
-jihāsya

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