The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gup

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopayāmi gopayāvaḥ gopayāmaḥ
Secondgopayasi gopayathaḥ gopayatha
Thirdgopayati gopayataḥ gopayanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopye gopyāvahe gopyāmahe
Secondgopyase gopyethe gopyadhve
Thirdgopyate gopyete gopyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagopayam agopayāva agopayāma
Secondagopayaḥ agopayatam agopayata
Thirdagopayat agopayatām agopayan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagopye agopyāvahi agopyāmahi
Secondagopyathāḥ agopyethām agopyadhvam
Thirdagopyata agopyetām agopyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopayeyam gopayeva gopayema
Secondgopayeḥ gopayetam gopayeta
Thirdgopayet gopayetām gopayeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopyeya gopyevahi gopyemahi
Secondgopyethāḥ gopyeyāthām gopyedhvam
Thirdgopyeta gopyeyātām gopyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopayāni gopayāva gopayāma
Secondgopaya gopayatam gopayata
Thirdgopayatu gopayatām gopayantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopyai gopyāvahai gopyāmahai
Secondgopyasva gopyethām gopyadhvam
Thirdgopyatām gopyetām gopyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopayiṣyāmi gopayiṣyāvaḥ gopayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgopayiṣyasi gopayiṣyathaḥ gopayiṣyatha
Thirdgopayiṣyati gopayiṣyataḥ gopayiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgopayitāsmi gopayitāsvaḥ gopayitāsmaḥ
Secondgopayitāsi gopayitāsthaḥ gopayitāstha
Thirdgopayitā gopayitārau gopayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gupta m. n. guptā f.

Past Passive Participle
gupita m. n. gupitā f.

Past Active Participle
gupitavat m. n. gupitavatī f.

Past Active Participle
guptavat m. n. guptavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gopayat m. n. gopayantī f.

Present Passive Participle
gopyamāna m. n. gopyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gopayiṣyat m. n. gopayiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
gopayitavya m. n. gopayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gupya m. n. gupyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gopanīya m. n. gopanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
gopayitum

Absolutive
gupayitvā

Absolutive
-gupayya

Periphrastic Perfect
gopayām

Desiderative Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupse jugupsāvahe jugupsāmahe
Secondjugupsase jugupsethe jugupsadhve
Thirdjugupsate jugupsete jugupsante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsye jugupsyāvahe jugupsyāmahe
Secondjugupsyase jugupsyethe jugupsyadhve
Thirdjugupsyate jugupsyete jugupsyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajugupse ajugupsāvahi ajugupsāmahi
Secondajugupsathāḥ ajugupsethām ajugupsadhvam
Thirdajugupsata ajugupsetām ajugupsanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajugupsye ajugupsyāvahi ajugupsyāmahi
Secondajugupsyathāḥ ajugupsyethām ajugupsyadhvam
Thirdajugupsyata ajugupsyetām ajugupsyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupseya jugupsevahi jugupsemahi
Secondjugupsethāḥ jugupseyāthām jugupsedhvam
Thirdjugupseta jugupseyātām jugupseran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsyeya jugupsyevahi jugupsyemahi
Secondjugupsyethāḥ jugupsyeyāthām jugupsyedhvam
Thirdjugupsyeta jugupsyeyātām jugupsyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsai jugupsāvahai jugupsāmahai
Secondjugupsasva jugupsethām jugupsadhvam
Thirdjugupsatām jugupsetām jugupsantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsyai jugupsyāvahai jugupsyāmahai
Secondjugupsyasva jugupsyethām jugupsyadhvam
Thirdjugupsyatām jugupsyetām jugupsyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsye jugupsyāvahe jugupsyāmahe
Secondjugupsyase jugupsyethe jugupsyadhve
Thirdjugupsyate jugupsyete jugupsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjugupsitāsmi jugupsitāsvaḥ jugupsitāsmaḥ
Secondjugupsitāsi jugupsitāsthaḥ jugupsitāstha
Thirdjugupsitā jugupsitārau jugupsitāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjujugupse jujugupsivahe jujugupsimahe
Secondjujugupsiṣe jujugupsāthe jujugupsidhve
Thirdjujugupse jujugupsāte jujugupsire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jugupsita m. n. jugupsitā f.

Past Active Participle
jugupsitavat m. n. jugupsitavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jugupsamāna m. n. jugupsamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jugupsyamāna m. n. jugupsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
jugupsanīya m. n. jugupsanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jugupsya m. n. jugupsyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jugupsitavya m. n. jugupsitavyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jujugupsāna m. n. jujugupsānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jugupsitum

Absolutive
jugupsitvā

Absolutive
-jugupsya

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