The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of cud

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodāmi codāvaḥ codāmaḥ
Secondcodasi codathaḥ codatha
Thirdcodati codataḥ codanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcode codāvahe codāmahe
Secondcodase codethe codadhve
Thirdcodate codete codante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcudye cudyāvahe cudyāmahe
Secondcudyase cudyethe cudyadhve
Thirdcudyate cudyete cudyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacodam acodāva acodāma
Secondacodaḥ acodatam acodata
Thirdacodat acodatām acodan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacode acodāvahi acodāmahi
Secondacodathāḥ acodethām acodadhvam
Thirdacodata acodetām acodanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacudye acudyāvahi acudyāmahi
Secondacudyathāḥ acudyethām acudyadhvam
Thirdacudyata acudyetām acudyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodeyam codeva codema
Secondcodeḥ codetam codeta
Thirdcodet codetām codeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodeya codevahi codemahi
Secondcodethāḥ codeyāthām codedhvam
Thirdcodeta codeyātām coderan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcudyeya cudyevahi cudyemahi
Secondcudyethāḥ cudyeyāthām cudyedhvam
Thirdcudyeta cudyeyātām cudyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodāni codāva codāma
Secondcoda codatam codata
Thirdcodatu codatām codantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodai codāvahai codāmahai
Secondcodasva codethām codadhvam
Thirdcodatām codetām codantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcudyai cudyāvahai cudyāmahai
Secondcudyasva cudyethām cudyadhvam
Thirdcudyatām cudyetām cudyantām


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcucoda cucudiva cucudima
Secondcucoditha cucudathuḥ cucuda
Thirdcucoda cucudatuḥ cucuduḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcucude cucudivahe cucudimahe
Secondcucudiṣe cucudāthe cucudidhve
Thirdcucude cucudāte cucudire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
cudita m. n. cuditā f.

Past Active Participle
cuditavat m. n. cuditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
codat m. n. codantī f.

Present Middle Participle
codamāna m. n. codamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
cudyamāna m. n. cudyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
codya m. n. codyā f.

Future Passive Participle
codanīya m. n. codanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cucudvaḥ m. n. cucuduṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cucudāna m. n. cucudānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Absolutive
coditvā

Absolutive
cuditvā

Absolutive
-cudya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayāmi codayāvaḥ codayāmaḥ
Secondcodayasi codayathaḥ codayatha
Thirdcodayati codayataḥ codayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodaye codayāvahe codayāmahe
Secondcodayase codayethe codayadhve
Thirdcodayate codayete codayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodye codyāvahe codyāmahe
Secondcodyase codyethe codyadhve
Thirdcodyate codyete codyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacodayam acodayāva acodayāma
Secondacodayaḥ acodayatam acodayata
Thirdacodayat acodayatām acodayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacodaye acodayāvahi acodayāmahi
Secondacodayathāḥ acodayethām acodayadhvam
Thirdacodayata acodayetām acodayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacodye acodyāvahi acodyāmahi
Secondacodyathāḥ acodyethām acodyadhvam
Thirdacodyata acodyetām acodyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayeyam codayeva codayema
Secondcodayeḥ codayetam codayeta
Thirdcodayet codayetām codayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayeya codayevahi codayemahi
Secondcodayethāḥ codayeyāthām codayedhvam
Thirdcodayeta codayeyātām codayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodyeya codyevahi codyemahi
Secondcodyethāḥ codyeyāthām codyedhvam
Thirdcodyeta codyeyātām codyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayāni codayāva codayāma
Secondcodaya codayatam codayata
Thirdcodayatu codayatām codayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayai codayāvahai codayāmahai
Secondcodayasva codayethām codayadhvam
Thirdcodayatām codayetām codayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodyai codyāvahai codyāmahai
Secondcodyasva codyethām codyadhvam
Thirdcodyatām codyetām codyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayiṣyāmi codayiṣyāvaḥ codayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondcodayiṣyasi codayiṣyathaḥ codayiṣyatha
Thirdcodayiṣyati codayiṣyataḥ codayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayiṣye codayiṣyāvahe codayiṣyāmahe
Secondcodayiṣyase codayiṣyethe codayiṣyadhve
Thirdcodayiṣyate codayiṣyete codayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcodayitāsmi codayitāsvaḥ codayitāsmaḥ
Secondcodayitāsi codayitāsthaḥ codayitāstha
Thirdcodayitā codayitārau codayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
codita m. n. coditā f.

Past Active Participle
coditavat m. n. coditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
codayat m. n. codayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
codayamāna m. n. codayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
codyamāna m. n. codyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
codayiṣyat m. n. codayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
codayiṣyamāṇa m. n. codayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
codya m. n. codyā f.

Future Passive Participle
codanīya m. n. codanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
codayitavya m. n. codayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
codayitum

Absolutive
codayitvā

Absolutive
-codya

Periphrastic Perfect
codayām

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