The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of spṛh

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayāmi spṛhayāvaḥ spṛhayāmaḥ
Secondspṛhayasi spṛhayathaḥ spṛhayatha
Thirdspṛhayati spṛhayataḥ spṛhayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhaye spṛhayāvahe spṛhayāmahe
Secondspṛhayase spṛhayethe spṛhayadhve
Thirdspṛhayate spṛhayete spṛhayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsparhye sparhyāvahe sparhyāmahe
Secondsparhyase sparhyethe sparhyadhve
Thirdsparhyate sparhyete sparhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaspṛhayam aspṛhayāva aspṛhayāma
Secondaspṛhayaḥ aspṛhayatam aspṛhayata
Thirdaspṛhayat aspṛhayatām aspṛhayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaspṛhaye aspṛhayāvahi aspṛhayāmahi
Secondaspṛhayathāḥ aspṛhayethām aspṛhayadhvam
Thirdaspṛhayata aspṛhayetām aspṛhayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasparhye asparhyāvahi asparhyāmahi
Secondasparhyathāḥ asparhyethām asparhyadhvam
Thirdasparhyata asparhyetām asparhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayeyam spṛhayeva spṛhayema
Secondspṛhayeḥ spṛhayetam spṛhayeta
Thirdspṛhayet spṛhayetām spṛhayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayeya spṛhayevahi spṛhayemahi
Secondspṛhayethāḥ spṛhayeyāthām spṛhayedhvam
Thirdspṛhayeta spṛhayeyātām spṛhayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsparhyeya sparhyevahi sparhyemahi
Secondsparhyethāḥ sparhyeyāthām sparhyedhvam
Thirdsparhyeta sparhyeyātām sparhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayāṇi spṛhayāva spṛhayāma
Secondspṛhaya spṛhayatam spṛhayata
Thirdspṛhayatu spṛhayatām spṛhayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayai spṛhayāvahai spṛhayāmahai
Secondspṛhayasva spṛhayethām spṛhayadhvam
Thirdspṛhayatām spṛhayetām spṛhayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsparhyai sparhyāvahai sparhyāmahai
Secondsparhyasva sparhyethām sparhyadhvam
Thirdsparhyatām sparhyetām sparhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayiṣyāmi spṛhayiṣyāvaḥ spṛhayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondspṛhayiṣyasi spṛhayiṣyathaḥ spṛhayiṣyatha
Thirdspṛhayiṣyati spṛhayiṣyataḥ spṛhayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayiṣye spṛhayiṣyāvahe spṛhayiṣyāmahe
Secondspṛhayiṣyase spṛhayiṣyethe spṛhayiṣyadhve
Thirdspṛhayiṣyate spṛhayiṣyete spṛhayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstspṛhayitāsmi spṛhayitāsvaḥ spṛhayitāsmaḥ
Secondspṛhayitāsi spṛhayitāsthaḥ spṛhayitāstha
Thirdspṛhayitā spṛhayitārau spṛhayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
spṛhita m. n. spṛhitā f.

Past Active Participle
spṛhitavat m. n. spṛhitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
spṛhayat m. n. spṛhayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
spṛhayamāṇa m. n. spṛhayamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
sparhyamāṇa m. n. sparhyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
spṛhayiṣyat m. n. spṛhayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
spṛhayiṣyamāṇa m. n. spṛhayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
spṛhayitavya m. n. spṛhayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
spṛhya m. n. spṛhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sparhaṇīya m. n. sparhaṇīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
spṛhayitum

Absolutive
spṛhayitvā

Absolutive
-spṛhayya

Periphrastic Perfect
spṛhayām

Le chameau Ocaml
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