The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of pyā

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāye pyāyāvahe pyāyāmahe
Secondpyāyase pyāyethe pyāyadhve
Thirdpyāyate pyāyete pyāyante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyye pyāyyāvahe pyāyyāmahe
Secondpyāyyase pyāyyethe pyāyyadhve
Thirdpyāyyate pyāyyete pyāyyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstapyāye apyāyāvahi apyāyāmahi
Secondapyāyathāḥ apyāyethām apyāyadhvam
Thirdapyāyata apyāyetām apyāyanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstapyāyye apyāyyāvahi apyāyyāmahi
Secondapyāyyathāḥ apyāyyethām apyāyyadhvam
Thirdapyāyyata apyāyyetām apyāyyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyeya pyāyevahi pyāyemahi
Secondpyāyethāḥ pyāyeyāthām pyāyedhvam
Thirdpyāyeta pyāyeyātām pyāyeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyyeya pyāyyevahi pyāyyemahi
Secondpyāyyethāḥ pyāyyeyāthām pyāyyedhvam
Thirdpyāyyeta pyāyyeyātām pyāyyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyai pyāyāvahai pyāyāmahai
Secondpyāyasva pyāyethām pyāyadhvam
Thirdpyāyatām pyāyetām pyāyantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyyai pyāyyāvahai pyāyyāmahai
Secondpyāyyasva pyāyyethām pyāyyadhvam
Thirdpyāyyatām pyāyyetām pyāyyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāsye pyāsyāvahe pyāsyāmahe
Secondpyāsyase pyāsyethe pyāsyadhve
Thirdpyāsyate pyāsyete pyāsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyātāsmi pyātāsvaḥ pyātāsmaḥ
Secondpyātāsi pyātāsthaḥ pyātāstha
Thirdpyātā pyātārau pyātāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpipye pipyivahe pipyimahe
Secondpipyiṣe pipyāthe pipyidhve
Thirdpipye pipyāte pipyire


Benedictive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyyāsam pyāyyāsva pyāyyāsma
Secondpyāyyāḥ pyāyyāstam pyāyyāsta
Thirdpyāyyāt pyāyyāstām pyāyyāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
pyāna m. n. pyānā f.

Past Active Participle
pyānavat m. n. pyānavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
pyāyamāna m. n. pyāyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
pyāyyamāna m. n. pyāyyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
pyāsyamāna m. n. pyāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyātavya m. n. pyātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyeya m. n. pyeyā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyānīya m. n. pyānīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
pipyāna m. n. pipyānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
pyātum

Absolutive
pyātvā

Absolutive
-pyāya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayāmi pyāyayāvaḥ pyāyayāmaḥ
Secondpyāyayasi pyāyayathaḥ pyāyayatha
Thirdpyāyayati pyāyayataḥ pyāyayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyaye pyāyayāvahe pyāyayāmahe
Secondpyāyayase pyāyayethe pyāyayadhve
Thirdpyāyayate pyāyayete pyāyayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyye pyāyyāvahe pyāyyāmahe
Secondpyāyyase pyāyyethe pyāyyadhve
Thirdpyāyyate pyāyyete pyāyyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstapyāyayam apyāyayāva apyāyayāma
Secondapyāyayaḥ apyāyayatam apyāyayata
Thirdapyāyayat apyāyayatām apyāyayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstapyāyaye apyāyayāvahi apyāyayāmahi
Secondapyāyayathāḥ apyāyayethām apyāyayadhvam
Thirdapyāyayata apyāyayetām apyāyayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstapyāyye apyāyyāvahi apyāyyāmahi
Secondapyāyyathāḥ apyāyyethām apyāyyadhvam
Thirdapyāyyata apyāyyetām apyāyyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayeyam pyāyayeva pyāyayema
Secondpyāyayeḥ pyāyayetam pyāyayeta
Thirdpyāyayet pyāyayetām pyāyayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayeya pyāyayevahi pyāyayemahi
Secondpyāyayethāḥ pyāyayeyāthām pyāyayedhvam
Thirdpyāyayeta pyāyayeyātām pyāyayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyyeya pyāyyevahi pyāyyemahi
Secondpyāyyethāḥ pyāyyeyāthām pyāyyedhvam
Thirdpyāyyeta pyāyyeyātām pyāyyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayāni pyāyayāva pyāyayāma
Secondpyāyaya pyāyayatam pyāyayata
Thirdpyāyayatu pyāyayatām pyāyayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayai pyāyayāvahai pyāyayāmahai
Secondpyāyayasva pyāyayethām pyāyayadhvam
Thirdpyāyayatām pyāyayetām pyāyayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyyai pyāyyāvahai pyāyyāmahai
Secondpyāyyasva pyāyyethām pyāyyadhvam
Thirdpyāyyatām pyāyyetām pyāyyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayiṣyāmi pyāyayiṣyāvaḥ pyāyayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondpyāyayiṣyasi pyāyayiṣyathaḥ pyāyayiṣyatha
Thirdpyāyayiṣyati pyāyayiṣyataḥ pyāyayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayiṣye pyāyayiṣyāvahe pyāyayiṣyāmahe
Secondpyāyayiṣyase pyāyayiṣyethe pyāyayiṣyadhve
Thirdpyāyayiṣyate pyāyayiṣyete pyāyayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpyāyayitāsmi pyāyayitāsvaḥ pyāyayitāsmaḥ
Secondpyāyayitāsi pyāyayitāsthaḥ pyāyayitāstha
Thirdpyāyayitā pyāyayitārau pyāyayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
pyāyita m. n. pyāyitā f.

Past Active Participle
pyāyitavat m. n. pyāyitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
pyāyayat m. n. pyāyayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
pyāyayamāna m. n. pyāyayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
pyāyyamāna m. n. pyāyyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
pyāyayiṣyat m. n. pyāyayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
pyāyayiṣyamāṇa m. n. pyāyayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyāyya m. n. pyāyyā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyāyanīya m. n. pyāyanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
pyāyayitavya m. n. pyāyayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
pyāyayitum

Absolutive
pyāyayitvā

Absolutive
-pyāyya

Periphrastic Perfect
pyāyayām

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