The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?sthal

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalāmi sthalāvaḥ sthalāmaḥ
Secondsthalasi sthalathaḥ sthalatha
Thirdsthalati sthalataḥ sthalanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firststhale sthalāvahe sthalāmahe
Secondsthalase sthalethe sthaladhve
Thirdsthalate sthalete sthalante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalye sthalyāvahe sthalyāmahe
Secondsthalyase sthalyethe sthalyadhve
Thirdsthalyate sthalyete sthalyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasthalam asthalāva asthalāma
Secondasthalaḥ asthalatam asthalata
Thirdasthalat asthalatām asthalan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstasthale asthalāvahi asthalāmahi
Secondasthalathāḥ asthalethām asthaladhvam
Thirdasthalata asthaletām asthalanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasthalye asthalyāvahi asthalyāmahi
Secondasthalyathāḥ asthalyethām asthalyadhvam
Thirdasthalyata asthalyetām asthalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhaleyam sthaleva sthalema
Secondsthaleḥ sthaletam sthaleta
Thirdsthalet sthaletām sthaleyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firststhaleya sthalevahi sthalemahi
Secondsthalethāḥ sthaleyāthām sthaledhvam
Thirdsthaleta sthaleyātām sthaleran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalyeya sthalyevahi sthalyemahi
Secondsthalyethāḥ sthalyeyāthām sthalyedhvam
Thirdsthalyeta sthalyeyātām sthalyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalāni sthalāva sthalāma
Secondsthala sthalatam sthalata
Thirdsthalatu sthalatām sthalantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firststhalai sthalāvahai sthalāmahai
Secondsthalasva sthalethām sthaladhvam
Thirdsthalatām sthaletām sthalantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalyai sthalyāvahai sthalyāmahai
Secondsthalyasva sthalyethām sthalyadhvam
Thirdsthalyatām sthalyetām sthalyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhaliṣyāmi sthaliṣyāvaḥ sthaliṣyāmaḥ
Secondsthaliṣyasi sthaliṣyathaḥ sthaliṣyatha
Thirdsthaliṣyati sthaliṣyataḥ sthaliṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firststhaliṣye sthaliṣyāvahe sthaliṣyāmahe
Secondsthaliṣyase sthaliṣyethe sthaliṣyadhve
Thirdsthaliṣyate sthaliṣyete sthaliṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firststhalitāsmi sthalitāsvaḥ sthalitāsmaḥ
Secondsthalitāsi sthalitāsthaḥ sthalitāstha
Thirdsthalitā sthalitārau sthalitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttasthāla | tasthala tasthaliva tasthalima
Secondtasthalitha tasthalathuḥ tasthala
Thirdtasthāla tasthalatuḥ tasthaluḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsttasthale tasthalivahe tasthalimahe
Secondtasthaliṣe tasthalāthe tasthalidhve
Thirdtasthale tasthalāte tasthalire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sthalta m. n. sthaltā f.

Past Active Participle
sthaltavat m. n. sthaltavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sthalat m. n. sthalantī f.

Present Middle Participle
sthalamāna m. n. sthalamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
sthalyamāna m. n. sthalyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
sthaliṣyat m. n. sthaliṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
sthaliṣyamāṇa m. n. sthaliṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
sthalitavya m. n. sthalitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sthālya m. n. sthālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sthalanīya m. n. sthalanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
tasthalvaḥ m. n. tasthaluṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
tasthalāna m. n. tasthalānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sthalitum

Absolutive
sthaltvā

Absolutive
-sthalya

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