The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kuṭ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭayāmi koṭayāvaḥ koṭayāmaḥ
Secondkoṭayasi koṭayathaḥ koṭayatha
Thirdkoṭayati koṭayataḥ koṭayanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭye koṭyāvahe koṭyāmahe
Secondkoṭyase koṭyethe koṭyadhve
Thirdkoṭyate koṭyete koṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakoṭayam akoṭayāva akoṭayāma
Secondakoṭayaḥ akoṭayatam akoṭayata
Thirdakoṭayat akoṭayatām akoṭayan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakoṭye akoṭyāvahi akoṭyāmahi
Secondakoṭyathāḥ akoṭyethām akoṭyadhvam
Thirdakoṭyata akoṭyetām akoṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭayeyam koṭayeva koṭayema
Secondkoṭayeḥ koṭayetam koṭayeta
Thirdkoṭayet koṭayetām koṭayeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭyeya koṭyevahi koṭyemahi
Secondkoṭyethāḥ koṭyeyāthām koṭyedhvam
Thirdkoṭyeta koṭyeyātām koṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭayāni koṭayāva koṭayāma
Secondkoṭaya koṭayatam koṭayata
Thirdkoṭayatu koṭayatām koṭayantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭyai koṭyāvahai koṭyāmahai
Secondkoṭyasva koṭyethām koṭyadhvam
Thirdkoṭyatām koṭyetām koṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭayiṣyāmi koṭayiṣyāvaḥ koṭayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkoṭayiṣyasi koṭayiṣyathaḥ koṭayiṣyatha
Thirdkoṭayiṣyati koṭayiṣyataḥ koṭayiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkoṭayitāsmi koṭayitāsvaḥ koṭayitāsmaḥ
Secondkoṭayitāsi koṭayitāsthaḥ koṭayitāstha
Thirdkoṭayitā koṭayitārau koṭayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kuṭita m. n. kuṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
kuṭitavat m. n. kuṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
koṭayat m. n. koṭayantī f.

Present Passive Participle
koṭyamāna m. n. koṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
koṭayiṣyat m. n. koṭayiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
koṭayitavya m. n. koṭayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kuṭya m. n. kuṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
koṭanīya m. n. koṭanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
koṭayitum

Absolutive
kuṭayitvā

Absolutive
-kuṭayya

Periphrastic Perfect
koṭayām

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