The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of truṭ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭāmi truṭāvaḥ truṭāmaḥ
Secondtruṭasi truṭathaḥ truṭatha
Thirdtruṭati truṭataḥ truṭanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭye truṭyāvahe truṭyāmahe
Secondtruṭyase truṭyethe truṭyadhve
Thirdtruṭyate truṭyete truṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatruṭam atruṭāva atruṭāma
Secondatruṭaḥ atruṭatam atruṭata
Thirdatruṭat atruṭatām atruṭan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatruṭye atruṭyāvahi atruṭyāmahi
Secondatruṭyathāḥ atruṭyethām atruṭyadhvam
Thirdatruṭyata atruṭyetām atruṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭeyam truṭeva truṭema
Secondtruṭeḥ truṭetam truṭeta
Thirdtruṭet truṭetām truṭeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭyeya truṭyevahi truṭyemahi
Secondtruṭyethāḥ truṭyeyāthām truṭyedhvam
Thirdtruṭyeta truṭyeyātām truṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭāni truṭāva truṭāma
Secondtruṭa truṭatam truṭata
Thirdtruṭatu truṭatām truṭantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttruṭyai truṭyāvahai truṭyāmahai
Secondtruṭyasva truṭyethām truṭyadhvam
Thirdtruṭyatām truṭyetām truṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭiṣyāmi troṭiṣyāvaḥ troṭiṣyāmaḥ
Secondtroṭiṣyasi troṭiṣyathaḥ troṭiṣyatha
Thirdtroṭiṣyati troṭiṣyataḥ troṭiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭitāsmi troṭitāsvaḥ troṭitāsmaḥ
Secondtroṭitāsi troṭitāsthaḥ troṭitāstha
Thirdtroṭitā troṭitārau troṭitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttutroṭa tutruṭiva tutruṭima
Secondtutroṭitha tutruṭathuḥ tutruṭa
Thirdtutroṭa tutruṭatuḥ tutruṭuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
truṭita m. n. truṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
truṭitavat m. n. truṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
truṭat m. n. truṭantī f.

Present Passive Participle
truṭyamāna m. n. truṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
troṭiṣyat m. n. troṭiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭitavya m. n. troṭitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭya m. n. troṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭanīya m. n. troṭanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
tutruṭvaḥ m. n. tutruṭuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
troṭitum

Absolutive
troṭitvā

Absolutive
truṭitvā

Absolutive
-truṭya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayāmi troṭayāvaḥ troṭayāmaḥ
Secondtroṭayasi troṭayathaḥ troṭayatha
Thirdtroṭayati troṭayataḥ troṭayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭaye troṭayāvahe troṭayāmahe
Secondtroṭayase troṭayethe troṭayadhve
Thirdtroṭayate troṭayete troṭayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭye troṭyāvahe troṭyāmahe
Secondtroṭyase troṭyethe troṭyadhve
Thirdtroṭyate troṭyete troṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatroṭayam atroṭayāva atroṭayāma
Secondatroṭayaḥ atroṭayatam atroṭayata
Thirdatroṭayat atroṭayatām atroṭayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstatroṭaye atroṭayāvahi atroṭayāmahi
Secondatroṭayathāḥ atroṭayethām atroṭayadhvam
Thirdatroṭayata atroṭayetām atroṭayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatroṭye atroṭyāvahi atroṭyāmahi
Secondatroṭyathāḥ atroṭyethām atroṭyadhvam
Thirdatroṭyata atroṭyetām atroṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayeyam troṭayeva troṭayema
Secondtroṭayeḥ troṭayetam troṭayeta
Thirdtroṭayet troṭayetām troṭayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayeya troṭayevahi troṭayemahi
Secondtroṭayethāḥ troṭayeyāthām troṭayedhvam
Thirdtroṭayeta troṭayeyātām troṭayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭyeya troṭyevahi troṭyemahi
Secondtroṭyethāḥ troṭyeyāthām troṭyedhvam
Thirdtroṭyeta troṭyeyātām troṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayāni troṭayāva troṭayāma
Secondtroṭaya troṭayatam troṭayata
Thirdtroṭayatu troṭayatām troṭayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayai troṭayāvahai troṭayāmahai
Secondtroṭayasva troṭayethām troṭayadhvam
Thirdtroṭayatām troṭayetām troṭayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭyai troṭyāvahai troṭyāmahai
Secondtroṭyasva troṭyethām troṭyadhvam
Thirdtroṭyatām troṭyetām troṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayiṣyāmi troṭayiṣyāvaḥ troṭayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondtroṭayiṣyasi troṭayiṣyathaḥ troṭayiṣyatha
Thirdtroṭayiṣyati troṭayiṣyataḥ troṭayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayiṣye troṭayiṣyāvahe troṭayiṣyāmahe
Secondtroṭayiṣyase troṭayiṣyethe troṭayiṣyadhve
Thirdtroṭayiṣyate troṭayiṣyete troṭayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttroṭayitāsmi troṭayitāsvaḥ troṭayitāsmaḥ
Secondtroṭayitāsi troṭayitāsthaḥ troṭayitāstha
Thirdtroṭayitā troṭayitārau troṭayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
troṭita m. n. troṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
troṭitavat m. n. troṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
troṭayat m. n. troṭayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
troṭayamāna m. n. troṭayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
troṭyamāna m. n. troṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
troṭayiṣyat m. n. troṭayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
troṭayiṣyamāṇa m. n. troṭayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭya m. n. troṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭanīya m. n. troṭanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
troṭayitavya m. n. troṭayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
troṭayitum

Absolutive
troṭayitvā

Absolutive
-troṭya

Periphrastic Perfect
troṭayām

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