The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śās

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsāmi śāsāvaḥ śāsāmaḥ
Secondśāsasi śāsathaḥ śāsatha
Thirdśāsati śāsataḥ śāsanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiṣye | śāsye śiṣyāvahe | śāsyāvahe śiṣyāmahe | śāsyāmahe
Secondśiṣyase | śāsyase śiṣyethe | śāsyethe śiṣyadhve | śāsyadhve
Thirdśiṣyate | śāsyate śiṣyete | śāsyete śiṣyante | śāsyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāsam aśāsāva aśāsāma
Secondaśāsaḥ | aśāt aśāsatam aśāsata
Thirdaśāsat aśāsatām aśāsan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśiṣye | aśāsye aśiṣyāvahi | aśāsyāvahi aśiṣyāmahi | aśāsyāmahi
Secondaśiṣyathāḥ | aśāsyathāḥ aśiṣyethām | aśāsyethām aśiṣyadhvam | aśāsyadhvam
Thirdaśiṣyata | aśāsyata aśiṣyetām | aśāsyetām aśiṣyanta | aśāsyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāseyam śāseva śāsema
Secondśāseḥ śāsetam śāseta
Thirdśāset śāsetām śāseyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiṣyeya | śāsyeya śiṣyevahi | śāsyevahi śiṣyemahi | śāsyemahi
Secondśiṣyethāḥ | śāsyethāḥ śiṣyeyāthām | śāsyeyāthām śiṣyedhvam | śāsyedhvam
Thirdśiṣyeta | śāsyeta śiṣyeyātām | śāsyeyātām śiṣyeran | śāsyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsāni śāsāva śāsāma
Secondśāsa śāsatam śāsata
Thirdśāsatu śāsatām śāsantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiṣyai | śāsyai śiṣyāvahai | śāsyāvahai śiṣyāmahai | śāsyāmahai
Secondśiṣyasva | śāsyasva śiṣyethām | śāsyethām śiṣyadhvam | śāsyadhvam
Thirdśiṣyatām | śāsyatām śiṣyetām | śāsyetām śiṣyantām | śāsyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsiṣyāmi śāsiṣyāvaḥ śāsiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśāsiṣyasi śāsiṣyathaḥ śāsiṣyatha
Thirdśāsiṣyati śāsiṣyataḥ śāsiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsitāsmi śāsitāsvaḥ śāsitāsmaḥ
Secondśāsitāsi śāsitāsthaḥ śāsitāstha
Thirdśāsitā śāsitārau śāsitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśaśāsa śaśāsiva śaśāsima
Secondśaśāsitha śaśāsathuḥ śaśāsa
Thirdśaśāsa śaśāsatuḥ śaśāsuḥ


Benedictive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiṣyāsam śiṣyāsva śiṣyāsma
Secondśiṣyāḥ śiṣyāstam śiṣyāsta
Thirdśiṣyāt śiṣyāstām śiṣyāsuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śāsita m. n. śāsitā f.

Past Passive Participle
śiṣṭa m. n. śiṣṭā f.

Past Passive Participle
śāsta m. n. śāstā f.

Past Active Participle
śāstavat m. n. śāstavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śiṣṭavat m. n. śiṣṭavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śāsitavat m. n. śāsitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śāsat m. n. śāsantī f.

Present Passive Participle
śāsyamāna m. n. śāsyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śiṣyamāṇa m. n. śiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
śāsiṣyat m. n. śāsiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
śāsitavya m. n. śāsitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śāṣya m. n. śāṣyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śāsanīya m. n. śāsanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śiṣya m. n. śiṣyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śaśāsvaḥ m. n. śaśāsuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śāsitum

Absolutive
śiṣṭvā

Absolutive
śāstvā

Absolutive
śāsitvā

Absolutive
-śiṣya

Absolutive
-śāsya

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