The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of sphuṭ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭāmi sphoṭāvaḥ sphoṭāmaḥ
Secondsphoṭasi sphoṭathaḥ sphoṭatha
Thirdsphoṭati sphoṭataḥ sphoṭanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuṭye sphuṭyāvahe sphuṭyāmahe
Secondsphuṭyase sphuṭyethe sphuṭyadhve
Thirdsphuṭyate sphuṭyete sphuṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoṭam asphoṭāva asphoṭāma
Secondasphoṭaḥ asphoṭatam asphoṭata
Thirdasphoṭat asphoṭatām asphoṭan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphuṭye asphuṭyāvahi asphuṭyāmahi
Secondasphuṭyathāḥ asphuṭyethām asphuṭyadhvam
Thirdasphuṭyata asphuṭyetām asphuṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭeyam sphoṭeva sphoṭema
Secondsphoṭeḥ sphoṭetam sphoṭeta
Thirdsphoṭet sphoṭetām sphoṭeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuṭyeya sphuṭyevahi sphuṭyemahi
Secondsphuṭyethāḥ sphuṭyeyāthām sphuṭyedhvam
Thirdsphuṭyeta sphuṭyeyātām sphuṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭāni sphoṭāva sphoṭāma
Secondsphoṭa sphoṭatam sphoṭata
Thirdsphoṭatu sphoṭatām sphoṭantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuṭyai sphuṭyāvahai sphuṭyāmahai
Secondsphuṭyasva sphuṭyethām sphuṭyadhvam
Thirdsphuṭyatām sphuṭyetām sphuṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuṭiṣyāmi sphuṭiṣyāvaḥ sphuṭiṣyāmaḥ
Secondsphuṭiṣyasi sphuṭiṣyathaḥ sphuṭiṣyatha
Thirdsphuṭiṣyati sphuṭiṣyataḥ sphuṭiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuṭitāsmi sphuṭitāsvaḥ sphuṭitāsmaḥ
Secondsphuṭitāsi sphuṭitāsthaḥ sphuṭitāstha
Thirdsphuṭitā sphuṭitārau sphuṭitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpusphoṭa pusphuṭiva pusphuṭima
Secondpusphoṭitha pusphuṭathuḥ pusphuṭa
Thirdpusphoṭa pusphuṭatuḥ pusphuṭuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoṭiṣam asphoṭiṣva asphoṭiṣma
Secondasphoṭīḥ asphoṭiṣṭam asphoṭiṣṭa
Thirdasphoṭīt asphoṭiṣṭām asphoṭiṣuḥ


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭiṣam sphoṭiṣva sphoṭiṣma
Secondsphoṭīḥ sphoṭiṣṭam sphoṭiṣṭa
Thirdsphoṭīt sphoṭiṣṭām sphoṭiṣuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sphuṭita m. n. sphuṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
sphuṭitavat m. n. sphuṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sphoṭat m. n. sphoṭantī f.

Present Passive Participle
sphuṭyamāna m. n. sphuṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
sphuṭiṣyat m. n. sphuṭiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
sphuṭitavya m. n. sphuṭitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoṭya m. n. sphoṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoṭanīya m. n. sphoṭanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
pusphuṭvaḥ m. n. pusphuṭuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sphuṭitum

Absolutive
sphoṭitvā

Absolutive
sphuṭitvā

Absolutive
-sphuṭya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayāmi sphoṭayāvaḥ sphoṭayāmaḥ
Secondsphoṭayasi sphoṭayathaḥ sphoṭayatha
Thirdsphoṭayati sphoṭayataḥ sphoṭayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭaye sphoṭayāvahe sphoṭayāmahe
Secondsphoṭayase sphoṭayethe sphoṭayadhve
Thirdsphoṭayate sphoṭayete sphoṭayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭye sphoṭyāvahe sphoṭyāmahe
Secondsphoṭyase sphoṭyethe sphoṭyadhve
Thirdsphoṭyate sphoṭyete sphoṭyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoṭayam asphoṭayāva asphoṭayāma
Secondasphoṭayaḥ asphoṭayatam asphoṭayata
Thirdasphoṭayat asphoṭayatām asphoṭayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoṭaye asphoṭayāvahi asphoṭayāmahi
Secondasphoṭayathāḥ asphoṭayethām asphoṭayadhvam
Thirdasphoṭayata asphoṭayetām asphoṭayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoṭye asphoṭyāvahi asphoṭyāmahi
Secondasphoṭyathāḥ asphoṭyethām asphoṭyadhvam
Thirdasphoṭyata asphoṭyetām asphoṭyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayeyam sphoṭayeva sphoṭayema
Secondsphoṭayeḥ sphoṭayetam sphoṭayeta
Thirdsphoṭayet sphoṭayetām sphoṭayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayeya sphoṭayevahi sphoṭayemahi
Secondsphoṭayethāḥ sphoṭayeyāthām sphoṭayedhvam
Thirdsphoṭayeta sphoṭayeyātām sphoṭayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭyeya sphoṭyevahi sphoṭyemahi
Secondsphoṭyethāḥ sphoṭyeyāthām sphoṭyedhvam
Thirdsphoṭyeta sphoṭyeyātām sphoṭyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayāni sphoṭayāva sphoṭayāma
Secondsphoṭaya sphoṭayatam sphoṭayata
Thirdsphoṭayatu sphoṭayatām sphoṭayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayai sphoṭayāvahai sphoṭayāmahai
Secondsphoṭayasva sphoṭayethām sphoṭayadhvam
Thirdsphoṭayatām sphoṭayetām sphoṭayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭyai sphoṭyāvahai sphoṭyāmahai
Secondsphoṭyasva sphoṭyethām sphoṭyadhvam
Thirdsphoṭyatām sphoṭyetām sphoṭyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayiṣyāmi sphoṭayiṣyāvaḥ sphoṭayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondsphoṭayiṣyasi sphoṭayiṣyathaḥ sphoṭayiṣyatha
Thirdsphoṭayiṣyati sphoṭayiṣyataḥ sphoṭayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayiṣye sphoṭayiṣyāvahe sphoṭayiṣyāmahe
Secondsphoṭayiṣyase sphoṭayiṣyethe sphoṭayiṣyadhve
Thirdsphoṭayiṣyate sphoṭayiṣyete sphoṭayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoṭayitāsmi sphoṭayitāsvaḥ sphoṭayitāsmaḥ
Secondsphoṭayitāsi sphoṭayitāsthaḥ sphoṭayitāstha
Thirdsphoṭayitā sphoṭayitārau sphoṭayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sphoṭita m. n. sphoṭitā f.

Past Active Participle
sphoṭitavat m. n. sphoṭitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sphoṭayat m. n. sphoṭayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
sphoṭayamāna m. n. sphoṭayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
sphoṭyamāna m. n. sphoṭyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
sphoṭayiṣyat m. n. sphoṭayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
sphoṭayiṣyamāṇa m. n. sphoṭayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoṭya m. n. sphoṭyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoṭanīya m. n. sphoṭanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoṭayitavya m. n. sphoṭayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sphoṭayitum

Absolutive
sphoṭayitvā

Absolutive
-sphoṭya

Periphrastic Perfect
sphoṭayām

Le chameau Ocaml
Top | Index | Stemmer | Grammar | Sandhi | Reader | Corpus | Help | Portal
© Gérard Huet 1994-2019
Logo Inria