The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śā

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśāmi śiśīvaḥ śiśīmaḥ
Secondśiśāsi śiśīthaḥ śiśītha
Thirdśiśāti śiśītaḥ śiśati


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśe śiśīvahe śiśīmahe
Secondśiśīṣe śiśāthe śiśīdhve
Thirdśiśīte śiśāte śiśate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāye śāyāvahe śāyāmahe
Secondśāyase śāyethe śāyadhve
Thirdśāyate śāyete śāyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśiśām aśiśīva aśiśīma
Secondaśiśāḥ aśiśītam aśiśīta
Thirdaśiśāt aśiśītām aśiśuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśiśi aśiśīvahi aśiśīmahi
Secondaśiśīthāḥ aśiśāthām aśiśīdhvam
Thirdaśiśīta aśiśātām aśiśata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāye aśāyāvahi aśāyāmahi
Secondaśāyathāḥ aśāyethām aśāyadhvam
Thirdaśāyata aśāyetām aśāyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśīyām śiśīyāva śiśīyāma
Secondśiśīyāḥ śiśīyātam śiśīyāta
Thirdśiśīyāt śiśīyātām śiśīyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśīya śiśīvahi śiśīmahi
Secondśiśīthāḥ śiśīyāthām śiśīdhvam
Thirdśiśīta śiśīyātām śiśīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāyeya śāyevahi śāyemahi
Secondśāyethāḥ śāyeyāthām śāyedhvam
Thirdśāyeta śāyeyātām śāyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśāni śiśāva śiśāma
Secondśiśīhi śiśītam śiśīta
Thirdśiśātu śiśītām śiśatu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśiśai śiśāvahai śiśāmahai
Secondśiśīṣva śiśāthām śiśīdhvam
Thirdśiśītām śiśātām śiśatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāyai śāyāvahai śāyāmahai
Secondśāyasva śāyethām śāyadhvam
Thirdśāyatām śāyetām śāyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsyāmi śāsyāvaḥ śāsyāmaḥ
Secondśāsyasi śāsyathaḥ śāsyatha
Thirdśāsyati śāsyataḥ śāsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśāsye śāsyāvahe śāsyāmahe
Secondśāsyase śāsyethe śāsyadhve
Thirdśāsyate śāsyete śāsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśātāsmi śātāsvaḥ śātāsmaḥ
Secondśātāsi śātāsthaḥ śātāstha
Thirdśātā śātārau śātāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśaśau śaśiva śaśima
Secondśaśitha | śaśātha śaśathuḥ śaśa
Thirdśaśau śaśatuḥ śaśuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśaśe śaśivahe śaśimahe
Secondśaśiṣe śaśāthe śaśidhve
Thirdśaśe śaśāte śaśire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśāsiṣam | aśām aśāsiṣva | aśāva aśāsiṣma | aśāma
Secondaśāsīḥ | aśāḥ aśāsiṣṭam | aśātam aśāsiṣṭa | aśāta
Thirdaśāsīt | aśāt aśāsiṣṭām | aśātām aśuḥ | aśāsiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśeṣi aśeṣvahi aśeṣmahi
Secondaśeṣṭhāḥ aśeṣāthām aśedhvam
Thirdaśeṣṭa | aśāyi aśeṣātām aśeṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śāta m. n. śātā f.

Past Passive Participle
śita m. n. śitā f.

Past Active Participle
śitavat m. n. śitavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śātavat m. n. śātavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śiśat m. n. śiśatī f.

Present Middle Participle
śiśāna m. n. śiśānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śāyamāna m. n. śāyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śāsyat m. n. śāsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
śāsyamāna m. n. śāsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
śātavya m. n. śātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śāya m. n. śāyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śānīya m. n. śānīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śaśivaḥ m. n. śaśuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
śaśāna m. n. śaśānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śātum

Absolutive
śitvā

Absolutive
-śiya

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