The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of skand

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandāmi skandāvaḥ skandāmaḥ
Secondskandasi skandathaḥ skandatha
Thirdskandati skandataḥ skandanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskadye skadyāvahe skadyāmahe
Secondskadyase skadyethe skadyadhve
Thirdskadyate skadyete skadyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaskandam askandāva askandāma
Secondaskandaḥ askandatam askandata
Thirdaskandat askandatām askandan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaskadye askadyāvahi askadyāmahi
Secondaskadyathāḥ askadyethām askadyadhvam
Thirdaskadyata askadyetām askadyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandeyam skandeva skandema
Secondskandeḥ skandetam skandeta
Thirdskandet skandetām skandeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskadyeya skadyevahi skadyemahi
Secondskadyethāḥ skadyeyāthām skadyedhvam
Thirdskadyeta skadyeyātām skadyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandāni skandāva skandāma
Secondskanda skandatam skandata
Thirdskandatu skandatām skandantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskadyai skadyāvahai skadyāmahai
Secondskadyasva skadyethām skadyadhvam
Thirdskadyatām skadyetām skadyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskantsyāmi skantsyāvaḥ skantsyāmaḥ
Secondskantsyasi skantsyathaḥ skantsyatha
Thirdskantsyati skantsyataḥ skantsyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskanttāsmi skanttāsvaḥ skanttāsmaḥ
Secondskanttāsi skanttāsthaḥ skanttāstha
Thirdskanttā skanttārau skanttāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcaskanda caskandiva caskandima
Secondcaskanditha caskandathuḥ caskanda
Thirdcaskanda caskandatuḥ caskanduḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
skanna m. n. skannā f.

Past Active Participle
skannavat m. n. skannavatī f.

Present Active Participle
skandat m. n. skandantī f.

Present Passive Participle
skadyamāna m. n. skadyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
skantsyat m. n. skantsyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
skanttavya m. n. skanttavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
skandya m. n. skandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
skandanīya m. n. skandanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
caskandvaḥ m. n. caskanduṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
skanditum

Infinitive
skanttum

Absolutive
skandam

Absolutive
skanttvā

Absolutive
-skandya

Absolutive
-skandam

Absolutive
-skadya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayāmi skandayāvaḥ skandayāmaḥ
Secondskandayasi skandayathaḥ skandayatha
Thirdskandayati skandayataḥ skandayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstskandaye skandayāvahe skandayāmahe
Secondskandayase skandayethe skandayadhve
Thirdskandayate skandayete skandayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandye skandyāvahe skandyāmahe
Secondskandyase skandyethe skandyadhve
Thirdskandyate skandyete skandyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaskandayam askandayāva askandayāma
Secondaskandayaḥ askandayatam askandayata
Thirdaskandayat askandayatām askandayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaskandaye askandayāvahi askandayāmahi
Secondaskandayathāḥ askandayethām askandayadhvam
Thirdaskandayata askandayetām askandayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaskandye askandyāvahi askandyāmahi
Secondaskandyathāḥ askandyethām askandyadhvam
Thirdaskandyata askandyetām askandyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayeyam skandayeva skandayema
Secondskandayeḥ skandayetam skandayeta
Thirdskandayet skandayetām skandayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayeya skandayevahi skandayemahi
Secondskandayethāḥ skandayeyāthām skandayedhvam
Thirdskandayeta skandayeyātām skandayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandyeya skandyevahi skandyemahi
Secondskandyethāḥ skandyeyāthām skandyedhvam
Thirdskandyeta skandyeyātām skandyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayāni skandayāva skandayāma
Secondskandaya skandayatam skandayata
Thirdskandayatu skandayatām skandayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayai skandayāvahai skandayāmahai
Secondskandayasva skandayethām skandayadhvam
Thirdskandayatām skandayetām skandayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandyai skandyāvahai skandyāmahai
Secondskandyasva skandyethām skandyadhvam
Thirdskandyatām skandyetām skandyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayiṣyāmi skandayiṣyāvaḥ skandayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondskandayiṣyasi skandayiṣyathaḥ skandayiṣyatha
Thirdskandayiṣyati skandayiṣyataḥ skandayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayiṣye skandayiṣyāvahe skandayiṣyāmahe
Secondskandayiṣyase skandayiṣyethe skandayiṣyadhve
Thirdskandayiṣyate skandayiṣyete skandayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstskandayitāsmi skandayitāsvaḥ skandayitāsmaḥ
Secondskandayitāsi skandayitāsthaḥ skandayitāstha
Thirdskandayitā skandayitārau skandayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
skandita m. n. skanditā f.

Past Active Participle
skanditavat m. n. skanditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
skandayat m. n. skandayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
skandayamāna m. n. skandayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
skandyamāna m. n. skandyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
skandayiṣyat m. n. skandayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
skandayiṣyamāṇa m. n. skandayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
skandya m. n. skandyā f.

Future Passive Participle
skandanīya m. n. skandanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
skandayitavya m. n. skandayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
skandayitum

Absolutive
skandayitvā

Absolutive
-skandya

Periphrastic Perfect
skandayām

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