The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of gal

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalāmi galāvaḥ galāmaḥ
Secondgalasi galathaḥ galatha
Thirdgalati galataḥ galanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalye galyāvahe galyāmahe
Secondgalyase galyethe galyadhve
Thirdgalyate galyete galyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagalam agalāva agalāma
Secondagalaḥ agalatam agalata
Thirdagalat agalatām agalan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagalye agalyāvahi agalyāmahi
Secondagalyathāḥ agalyethām agalyadhvam
Thirdagalyata agalyetām agalyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgaleyam galeva galema
Secondgaleḥ galetam galeta
Thirdgalet galetām galeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalyeya galyevahi galyemahi
Secondgalyethāḥ galyeyāthām galyedhvam
Thirdgalyeta galyeyātām galyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalāni galāva galāma
Secondgala galatam galata
Thirdgalatu galatām galantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalyai galyāvahai galyāmahai
Secondgalyasva galyethām galyadhvam
Thirdgalyatām galyetām galyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgaliṣyāmi galiṣyāvaḥ galiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgaliṣyasi galiṣyathaḥ galiṣyatha
Thirdgaliṣyati galiṣyataḥ galiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgalitāsmi galitāsvaḥ galitāsmaḥ
Secondgalitāsi galitāsthaḥ galitāstha
Thirdgalitā galitārau galitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjagāla | jagala jagaliva jagalima
Secondjagalitha jagalathuḥ jagala
Thirdjagāla jagalatuḥ jagaluḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
galita m. n. galitā f.

Past Active Participle
galitavat m. n. galitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
galat m. n. galantī f.

Present Passive Participle
galyamāna m. n. galyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
galiṣyat m. n. galiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
galitavya m. n. galitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālya m. n. gālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
galanīya m. n. galanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jagalvaḥ m. n. jagaluṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
galitum

Absolutive
galitvā

Absolutive
-galya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayāmi gālayāvaḥ gālayāmaḥ
Secondgālayasi gālayathaḥ gālayatha
Thirdgālayati gālayataḥ gālayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgālaye gālayāvahe gālayāmahe
Secondgālayase gālayethe gālayadhve
Thirdgālayate gālayete gālayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālye gālyāvahe gālyāmahe
Secondgālyase gālyethe gālyadhve
Thirdgālyate gālyete gālyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagālayam agālayāva agālayāma
Secondagālayaḥ agālayatam agālayata
Thirdagālayat agālayatām agālayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstagālaye agālayāvahi agālayāmahi
Secondagālayathāḥ agālayethām agālayadhvam
Thirdagālayata agālayetām agālayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstagālye agālyāvahi agālyāmahi
Secondagālyathāḥ agālyethām agālyadhvam
Thirdagālyata agālyetām agālyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayeyam gālayeva gālayema
Secondgālayeḥ gālayetam gālayeta
Thirdgālayet gālayetām gālayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayeya gālayevahi gālayemahi
Secondgālayethāḥ gālayeyāthām gālayedhvam
Thirdgālayeta gālayeyātām gālayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālyeya gālyevahi gālyemahi
Secondgālyethāḥ gālyeyāthām gālyedhvam
Thirdgālyeta gālyeyātām gālyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayāni gālayāva gālayāma
Secondgālaya gālayatam gālayata
Thirdgālayatu gālayatām gālayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayai gālayāvahai gālayāmahai
Secondgālayasva gālayethām gālayadhvam
Thirdgālayatām gālayetām gālayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālyai gālyāvahai gālyāmahai
Secondgālyasva gālyethām gālyadhvam
Thirdgālyatām gālyetām gālyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayiṣyāmi gālayiṣyāvaḥ gālayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondgālayiṣyasi gālayiṣyathaḥ gālayiṣyatha
Thirdgālayiṣyati gālayiṣyataḥ gālayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayiṣye gālayiṣyāvahe gālayiṣyāmahe
Secondgālayiṣyase gālayiṣyethe gālayiṣyadhve
Thirdgālayiṣyate gālayiṣyete gālayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstgālayitāsmi gālayitāsvaḥ gālayitāsmaḥ
Secondgālayitāsi gālayitāsthaḥ gālayitāstha
Thirdgālayitā gālayitārau gālayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
gālita m. n. gālitā f.

Past Active Participle
gālitavat m. n. gālitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
gālayat m. n. gālayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
gālayamāna m. n. gālayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
gālyamāna m. n. gālyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
gālayiṣyat m. n. gālayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
gālayiṣyamāṇa m. n. gālayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālya m. n. gālyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālanīya m. n. gālanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
gālayitavya m. n. gālayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
gālayitum

Absolutive
gālayitvā

Absolutive
-gālya

Periphrastic Perfect
gālayām

Intensive Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjalgalmi | jalgalīmi jalgalvaḥ jalgalmaḥ
Secondjalgalsi | jalgalīṣi jalgalthaḥ jalgaltha
Thirdjalgalti | jalgalīti jalgaltaḥ jalgalati


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajalgalam ajalgalva ajalgalma
Secondajalgalīḥ | ajalgalīt | ajalgal ajalgaltam ajalgalta
Thirdajalgal ajalgaltām ajalgaluḥ


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjalgalyām jalgalyāva jalgalyāma
Secondjalgalyāḥ jalgalyātam jalgalyāta
Thirdjalgalyāt jalgalyātām jalgalyuḥ


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjalgalāni jalgalāva jalgalāma
Secondjalgaldhi jalgaltam jalgalta
Thirdjalgaltu | jalgalītu jalgaltām jalgalatu

Participles

Present Active Participle
jalgalat m. n. jalgalatī f.

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