The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of pṛth

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayāmi parthayāvaḥ parthayāmaḥ
Secondparthayasi parthayathaḥ parthayatha
Thirdparthayati parthayataḥ parthayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstparthaye parthayāvahe parthayāmahe
Secondparthayase parthayethe parthayadhve
Thirdparthayate parthayete parthayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthye parthyāvahe parthyāmahe
Secondparthyase parthyethe parthyadhve
Thirdparthyate parthyete parthyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaparthayam aparthayāva aparthayāma
Secondaparthayaḥ aparthayatam aparthayata
Thirdaparthayat aparthayatām aparthayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaparthaye aparthayāvahi aparthayāmahi
Secondaparthayathāḥ aparthayethām aparthayadhvam
Thirdaparthayata aparthayetām aparthayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaparthye aparthyāvahi aparthyāmahi
Secondaparthyathāḥ aparthyethām aparthyadhvam
Thirdaparthyata aparthyetām aparthyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayeyam parthayeva parthayema
Secondparthayeḥ parthayetam parthayeta
Thirdparthayet parthayetām parthayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayeya parthayevahi parthayemahi
Secondparthayethāḥ parthayeyāthām parthayedhvam
Thirdparthayeta parthayeyātām parthayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthyeya parthyevahi parthyemahi
Secondparthyethāḥ parthyeyāthām parthyedhvam
Thirdparthyeta parthyeyātām parthyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayāni parthayāva parthayāma
Secondparthaya parthayatam parthayata
Thirdparthayatu parthayatām parthayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayai parthayāvahai parthayāmahai
Secondparthayasva parthayethām parthayadhvam
Thirdparthayatām parthayetām parthayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthyai parthyāvahai parthyāmahai
Secondparthyasva parthyethām parthyadhvam
Thirdparthyatām parthyetām parthyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayiṣyāmi parthayiṣyāvaḥ parthayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondparthayiṣyasi parthayiṣyathaḥ parthayiṣyatha
Thirdparthayiṣyati parthayiṣyataḥ parthayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayiṣye parthayiṣyāvahe parthayiṣyāmahe
Secondparthayiṣyase parthayiṣyethe parthayiṣyadhve
Thirdparthayiṣyate parthayiṣyete parthayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstparthayitāsmi parthayitāsvaḥ parthayitāsmaḥ
Secondparthayitāsi parthayitāsthaḥ parthayitāstha
Thirdparthayitā parthayitārau parthayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
pṛthita m. n. pṛthitā f.

Past Active Participle
pṛthitavat m. n. pṛthitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
parthayat m. n. parthayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
parthayamāna m. n. parthayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
parthyamāna m. n. parthyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
parthayiṣyat m. n. parthayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
parthayiṣyamāṇa m. n. parthayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
parthayitavya m. n. parthayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
pṛthya m. n. pṛthyā f.

Future Passive Participle
parthanīya m. n. parthanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
parthayitum

Absolutive
pṛthayitvā

Absolutive
-pṛthayya

Periphrastic Perfect
parthayām

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