The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of sphur

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphurāmi sphurāvaḥ sphurāmaḥ
Secondsphurasi sphurathaḥ sphuratha
Thirdsphurati sphurataḥ sphuranti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphurye sphuryāvahe sphuryāmahe
Secondsphuryase sphuryethe sphuryadhve
Thirdsphuryate sphuryete sphuryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphuram asphurāva asphurāma
Secondasphuraḥ asphuratam asphurata
Thirdasphurat asphuratām asphuran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphurye asphuryāvahi asphuryāmahi
Secondasphuryathāḥ asphuryethām asphuryadhvam
Thirdasphuryata asphuryetām asphuryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphureyam sphureva sphurema
Secondsphureḥ sphuretam sphureta
Thirdsphuret sphuretām sphureyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuryeya sphuryevahi sphuryemahi
Secondsphuryethāḥ sphuryeyāthām sphuryedhvam
Thirdsphuryeta sphuryeyātām sphuryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphurāṇi sphurāva sphurāma
Secondsphura sphuratam sphurata
Thirdsphuratu sphuratām sphurantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuryai sphuryāvahai sphuryāmahai
Secondsphuryasva sphuryethām sphuryadhvam
Thirdsphuryatām sphuryetām sphuryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuriṣyāmi sphuriṣyāvaḥ sphuriṣyāmaḥ
Secondsphuriṣyasi sphuriṣyathaḥ sphuriṣyatha
Thirdsphuriṣyati sphuriṣyataḥ sphuriṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphuritāsmi sphuritāsvaḥ sphuritāsmaḥ
Secondsphuritāsi sphuritāsthaḥ sphuritāstha
Thirdsphuritā sphuritārau sphuritāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstpusphora pusphuriva pusphurima
Secondpusphoritha pusphurathuḥ pusphura
Thirdpusphora pusphuratuḥ pusphuruḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sphurita m. n. sphuritā f.

Past Active Participle
sphuritavat m. n. sphuritavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sphurat m. n. sphurantī f.

Present Passive Participle
sphuryamāṇa m. n. sphuryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
sphuriṣyat m. n. sphuriṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
sphuritavya m. n. sphuritavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphorya m. n. sphoryā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoraṇīya m. n. sphoraṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
pusphurvaḥ m. n. pusphuruṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sphuritum

Absolutive
sphoritvā

Absolutive
sphuritvā

Absolutive
-sphurya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayāmi sphorayāvaḥ sphorayāmaḥ
Secondsphorayasi sphorayathaḥ sphorayatha
Thirdsphorayati sphorayataḥ sphorayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoraye sphorayāvahe sphorayāmahe
Secondsphorayase sphorayethe sphorayadhve
Thirdsphorayate sphorayete sphorayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorye sphoryāvahe sphoryāmahe
Secondsphoryase sphoryethe sphoryadhve
Thirdsphoryate sphoryete sphoryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphorayam asphorayāva asphorayāma
Secondasphorayaḥ asphorayatam asphorayata
Thirdasphorayat asphorayatām asphorayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstasphoraye asphorayāvahi asphorayāmahi
Secondasphorayathāḥ asphorayethām asphorayadhvam
Thirdasphorayata asphorayetām asphorayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasphorye asphoryāvahi asphoryāmahi
Secondasphoryathāḥ asphoryethām asphoryadhvam
Thirdasphoryata asphoryetām asphoryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayeyam sphorayeva sphorayema
Secondsphorayeḥ sphorayetam sphorayeta
Thirdsphorayet sphorayetām sphorayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayeya sphorayevahi sphorayemahi
Secondsphorayethāḥ sphorayeyāthām sphorayedhvam
Thirdsphorayeta sphorayeyātām sphorayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoryeya sphoryevahi sphoryemahi
Secondsphoryethāḥ sphoryeyāthām sphoryedhvam
Thirdsphoryeta sphoryeyātām sphoryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayāṇi sphorayāva sphorayāma
Secondsphoraya sphorayatam sphorayata
Thirdsphorayatu sphorayatām sphorayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayai sphorayāvahai sphorayāmahai
Secondsphorayasva sphorayethām sphorayadhvam
Thirdsphorayatām sphorayetām sphorayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphoryai sphoryāvahai sphoryāmahai
Secondsphoryasva sphoryethām sphoryadhvam
Thirdsphoryatām sphoryetām sphoryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayiṣyāmi sphorayiṣyāvaḥ sphorayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondsphorayiṣyasi sphorayiṣyathaḥ sphorayiṣyatha
Thirdsphorayiṣyati sphorayiṣyataḥ sphorayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayiṣye sphorayiṣyāvahe sphorayiṣyāmahe
Secondsphorayiṣyase sphorayiṣyethe sphorayiṣyadhve
Thirdsphorayiṣyate sphorayiṣyete sphorayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsphorayitāsmi sphorayitāsvaḥ sphorayitāsmaḥ
Secondsphorayitāsi sphorayitāsthaḥ sphorayitāstha
Thirdsphorayitā sphorayitārau sphorayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sphorita m. n. sphoritā f.

Past Active Participle
sphoritavat m. n. sphoritavatī f.

Present Active Participle
sphorayat m. n. sphorayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
sphorayamāṇa m. n. sphorayamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
sphoryamāṇa m. n. sphoryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
sphorayiṣyat m. n. sphorayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
sphorayiṣyamāṇa m. n. sphorayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphorya m. n. sphoryā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphoraṇīya m. n. sphoraṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sphorayitavya m. n. sphorayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sphorayitum

Absolutive
sphorayitvā

Absolutive
-sphorya

Periphrastic Perfect
sphorayām

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