The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?hūḍ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍāmi hūḍāvaḥ hūḍāmaḥ
Secondhūḍasi hūḍathaḥ hūḍatha
Thirdhūḍati hūḍataḥ hūḍanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍe hūḍāvahe hūḍāmahe
Secondhūḍase hūḍethe hūḍadhve
Thirdhūḍate hūḍete hūḍante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍye hūḍyāvahe hūḍyāmahe
Secondhūḍyase hūḍyethe hūḍyadhve
Thirdhūḍyate hūḍyete hūḍyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahūḍam ahūḍāva ahūḍāma
Secondahūḍaḥ ahūḍatam ahūḍata
Thirdahūḍat ahūḍatām ahūḍan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstahūḍe ahūḍāvahi ahūḍāmahi
Secondahūḍathāḥ ahūḍethām ahūḍadhvam
Thirdahūḍata ahūḍetām ahūḍanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstahūḍye ahūḍyāvahi ahūḍyāmahi
Secondahūḍyathāḥ ahūḍyethām ahūḍyadhvam
Thirdahūḍyata ahūḍyetām ahūḍyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍeyam hūḍeva hūḍema
Secondhūḍeḥ hūḍetam hūḍeta
Thirdhūḍet hūḍetām hūḍeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍeya hūḍevahi hūḍemahi
Secondhūḍethāḥ hūḍeyāthām hūḍedhvam
Thirdhūḍeta hūḍeyātām hūḍeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍyeya hūḍyevahi hūḍyemahi
Secondhūḍyethāḥ hūḍyeyāthām hūḍyedhvam
Thirdhūḍyeta hūḍyeyātām hūḍyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍāni hūḍāva hūḍāma
Secondhūḍa hūḍatam hūḍata
Thirdhūḍatu hūḍatām hūḍantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍai hūḍāvahai hūḍāmahai
Secondhūḍasva hūḍethām hūḍadhvam
Thirdhūḍatām hūḍetām hūḍantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍyai hūḍyāvahai hūḍyāmahai
Secondhūḍyasva hūḍyethām hūḍyadhvam
Thirdhūḍyatām hūḍyetām hūḍyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍiṣyāmi hūḍiṣyāvaḥ hūḍiṣyāmaḥ
Secondhūḍiṣyasi hūḍiṣyathaḥ hūḍiṣyatha
Thirdhūḍiṣyati hūḍiṣyataḥ hūḍiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍiṣye hūḍiṣyāvahe hūḍiṣyāmahe
Secondhūḍiṣyase hūḍiṣyethe hūḍiṣyadhve
Thirdhūḍiṣyate hūḍiṣyete hūḍiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsthūḍitāsmi hūḍitāsvaḥ hūḍitāsmaḥ
Secondhūḍitāsi hūḍitāsthaḥ hūḍitāstha
Thirdhūḍitā hūḍitārau hūḍitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuhūḍa juhūḍiva juhūḍima
Secondjuhūḍitha juhūḍathuḥ juhūḍa
Thirdjuhūḍa juhūḍatuḥ juhūḍuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjuhūḍe juhūḍivahe juhūḍimahe
Secondjuhūḍiṣe juhūḍāthe juhūḍidhve
Thirdjuhūḍe juhūḍāte juhūḍire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
hūṭṭa m. n. hūṭṭā f.

Past Active Participle
hūṭṭavat m. n. hūṭṭavatī f.

Present Active Participle
hūḍat m. n. hūḍantī f.

Present Middle Participle
hūḍamāna m. n. hūḍamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
hūḍyamāna m. n. hūḍyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
hūḍiṣyat m. n. hūḍiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
hūḍiṣyamāṇa m. n. hūḍiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
hūḍitavya m. n. hūḍitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hūḍya m. n. hūḍyā f.

Future Passive Participle
hūḍanīya m. n. hūḍanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
juhūḍvaḥ m. n. juhūḍuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
juhūḍāna m. n. juhūḍānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
hūḍitum

Absolutive
hūṭṭvā

Absolutive
-hūḍya

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