The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of aś_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśnuve aśnuvahe aśnumahe
Secondaśnuṣe aśnuvāthe aśnudhve
Thirdaśnute aśnuvāte aśnuvate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśye aśyāvahe aśyāmahe
Secondaśyase aśyethe aśyadhve
Thirdaśyate aśyete aśyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstāśnuvi āśnuvahi āśnumahi
Secondāśnuthāḥ āśnuvāthām āśnudhvam
Thirdāśnuta āśnuvātām āśnuvata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstāśye āśyāvahi āśyāmahi
Secondāśyathāḥ āśyethām āśyadhvam
Thirdāśyata āśyetām āśyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśnuvīya aśnuvīvahi aśnuvīmahi
Secondaśnuvīthāḥ aśnuvīyāthām aśnuvīdhvam
Thirdaśnuvīta aśnuvīyātām aśnuvīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśyeya aśyevahi aśyemahi
Secondaśyethāḥ aśyeyāthām aśyedhvam
Thirdaśyeta aśyeyātām aśyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśnavai aśnavāvahai aśnavāmahai
Secondaśnuṣva aśnuvāthām aśnudhvam
Thirdaśnutām aśnuvātām aśnuvatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśyai aśyāvahai aśyāmahai
Secondaśyasva aśyethām aśyadhvam
Thirdaśyatām aśyetām aśyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśiṣye aśiṣyāvahe aśiṣyāmahe
Secondaśiṣyase aśiṣyethe aśiṣyadhve
Thirdaśiṣyate aśiṣyete aśiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśitāsmi aśitāsvaḥ aśitāsmaḥ
Secondaśitāsi aśitāsthaḥ aśitāstha
Thirdaśitā aśitārau aśitāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstānaśe ānaśivahe ānaśimahe
Secondānaśiṣe ānaśāthe ānaśidhve
Thirdānaśe ānaśāte ānaśire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
aṣṭa m. n. aṣṭā f.

Past Active Participle
aṣṭavat m. n. aṣṭavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
aśnvāna m. n. aśnvānā f.

Present Passive Participle
aśyamāna m. n. aśyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
aśiṣyamāṇa m. n. aśiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
aśitavya m. n. aśitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
āśya m. n. āśyā f.

Future Passive Participle
aśanīya m. n. aśanīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
ānaśāna m. n. ānaśānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
aśitum

Absolutive
aṣṭvā

Absolutive
aśitvā

Absolutive
-aśya

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