The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of kṛt_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛntāmi kṛntāvaḥ kṛntāmaḥ
Secondkṛntasi kṛntathaḥ kṛntatha
Thirdkṛntati kṛntataḥ kṛntanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛtye kṛtyāvahe kṛtyāmahe
Secondkṛtyase kṛtyethe kṛtyadhve
Thirdkṛtyate kṛtyete kṛtyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakṛntam akṛntāva akṛntāma
Secondakṛntaḥ akṛntatam akṛntata
Thirdakṛntat akṛntatām akṛntan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakṛtye akṛtyāvahi akṛtyāmahi
Secondakṛtyathāḥ akṛtyethām akṛtyadhvam
Thirdakṛtyata akṛtyetām akṛtyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛnteyam kṛnteva kṛntema
Secondkṛnteḥ kṛntetam kṛnteta
Thirdkṛntet kṛntetām kṛnteyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛtyeya kṛtyevahi kṛtyemahi
Secondkṛtyethāḥ kṛtyeyāthām kṛtyedhvam
Thirdkṛtyeta kṛtyeyātām kṛtyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛntāni kṛntāva kṛntāma
Secondkṛnta kṛntatam kṛntata
Thirdkṛntatu kṛntatām kṛntantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkṛtyai kṛtyāvahai kṛtyāmahai
Secondkṛtyasva kṛtyethām kṛtyadhvam
Thirdkṛtyatām kṛtyetām kṛtyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkartsyāmi | kartiṣyāmi kartsyāvaḥ | kartiṣyāvaḥ kartsyāmaḥ | kartiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkartsyasi | kartiṣyasi kartsyathaḥ | kartiṣyathaḥ kartsyatha | kartiṣyatha
Thirdkartsyati | kartiṣyati kartsyataḥ | kartiṣyataḥ kartsyanti | kartiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkarttāsmi | kartitāsmi karttāsvaḥ | kartitāsvaḥ karttāsmaḥ | kartitāsmaḥ
Secondkarttāsi | kartitāsi karttāsthaḥ | kartitāsthaḥ karttāstha | kartitāstha
Thirdkarttā | kartitā karttārau | kartitārau karttāraḥ | kartitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcakarta cakṛtiva cakṛtima
Secondcakartitha cakṛtathuḥ cakṛta
Thirdcakarta cakṛtatuḥ cakṛtuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakartiṣam akartiṣva akartiṣma
Secondakartīḥ akartiṣṭam akartiṣṭa
Thirdakartīt akartiṣṭām akartiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakartiṣi akartiṣvahi akartiṣmahi
Secondakartiṣṭhāḥ akartiṣāthām akartidhvam
Thirdakartiṣṭa akartiṣātām akartiṣata


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkartiṣam kartiṣva kartiṣma
Secondkartīḥ kartiṣṭam kartiṣṭa
Thirdkartīt kartiṣṭām kartiṣuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkartiṣi kartiṣvahi kartiṣmahi
Secondkartiṣṭhāḥ kartiṣāthām kartidhvam
Thirdkartiṣṭa kartiṣātām kartiṣata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kṛtta m. n. kṛttā f.

Past Active Participle
kṛttavat m. n. kṛttavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kṛntat m. n. kṛntantī f.

Present Passive Participle
kṛtyamāna m. n. kṛtyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kartsyat m. n. kartsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
kartiṣyat m. n. kartiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
karttavya m. n. karttavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kartitavya m. n. kartitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kartanīya m. n. kartanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cakṛtvaḥ m. n. cakṛtuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
karttum

Infinitive
kartitum

Absolutive
kṛttvā

Absolutive
-kṛtya

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