The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of sū_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsavāmi savāvaḥ savāmaḥ
Secondsavasi savathaḥ savatha
Thirdsavati savataḥ savanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūye sūyāvahe sūyāmahe
Secondsūyase sūyethe sūyadhve
Thirdsūyate sūyete sūyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasavam asavāva asavāma
Secondasavaḥ asavatam asavata
Thirdasavat asavatām asavan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasūye asūyāvahi asūyāmahi
Secondasūyathāḥ asūyethām asūyadhvam
Thirdasūyata asūyetām asūyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsaveyam saveva savema
Secondsaveḥ savetam saveta
Thirdsavet savetām saveyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūyeya sūyevahi sūyemahi
Secondsūyethāḥ sūyeyāthām sūyedhvam
Thirdsūyeta sūyeyātām sūyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsavāni savāva savāma
Secondsava savatam savata
Thirdsavatu savatām savantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsūyai sūyāvahai sūyāmahai
Secondsūyasva sūyethām sūyadhvam
Thirdsūyatām sūyetām sūyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsoṣyāmi | saviṣyāmi soṣyāvaḥ | saviṣyāvaḥ soṣyāmaḥ | saviṣyāmaḥ
Secondsoṣyasi | saviṣyasi soṣyathaḥ | saviṣyathaḥ soṣyatha | saviṣyatha
Thirdsoṣyati | saviṣyati soṣyataḥ | saviṣyataḥ soṣyanti | saviṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsoṣye | saviṣye soṣyāvahe | saviṣyāvahe soṣyāmahe | saviṣyāmahe
Secondsoṣyase | saviṣyase soṣyethe | saviṣyethe soṣyadhve | saviṣyadhve
Thirdsoṣyate | saviṣyate soṣyete | saviṣyete soṣyante | saviṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsotāsmi | savitāsmi sotāsvaḥ | savitāsvaḥ sotāsmaḥ | savitāsmaḥ
Secondsotāsi | savitāsi sotāsthaḥ | savitāsthaḥ sotāstha | savitāstha
Thirdsotā | savitā sotārau | savitārau sotāraḥ | savitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsuṣāva | suṣava suṣuva suṣuma
Secondsuṣotha | suṣavitha suṣuvathuḥ suṣuva
Thirdsuṣāva suṣuvatuḥ suṣuvuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstsuṣuve suṣuvahe suṣumahe
Secondsuṣuṣe suṣuvāthe suṣudhve
Thirdsuṣuve suṣuvāte suṣuvire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sūta m. n. sūtā f.

Past Passive Participle
sūna m. n. sūnā f.

Past Passive Participle
suta m. n. sutā f.

Past Active Participle
sutavat m. n. sutavatī f.

Past Active Participle
sūnavat m. n. sūnavatī f.

Past Active Participle
sūtavat m. n. sūtavatī f.

Present Active Participle
savat m. n. savantī f.

Present Passive Participle
sūyamāna m. n. sūyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
soṣyat m. n. soṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
saviṣyat m. n. saviṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
saviṣyamāṇa m. n. saviṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
soṣyamāṇa m. n. soṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
sotavya m. n. sotavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savitavya m. n. savitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savya m. n. savyā f.

Future Passive Participle
savanīya m. n. savanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
suṣūvaḥ m. n. suṣūṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
suṣvāṇa m. n. suṣvāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
sotum

Infinitive
savitum

Absolutive
sūtvā

Absolutive
sutvā

Absolutive
-sūya

Absolutive
-suya

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