The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of sā_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsyāmi syāvaḥ syāmaḥ
Secondsyasi syathaḥ syatha
Thirdsyati syataḥ syanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsīye sīyāvahe sīyāmahe
Secondsīyase sīyethe sīyadhve
Thirdsīyate sīyete sīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasyam asyāva asyāma
Secondasyaḥ asyatam asyata
Thirdasyat asyatām asyan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasīye asīyāvahi asīyāmahi
Secondasīyathāḥ asīyethām asīyadhvam
Thirdasīyata asīyetām asīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsyeyam syeva syema
Secondsyeḥ syetam syeta
Thirdsyet syetām syeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsīyeya sīyevahi sīyemahi
Secondsīyethāḥ sīyeyāthām sīyedhvam
Thirdsīyeta sīyeyātām sīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsyāni syāva syāma
Secondsya syatam syata
Thirdsyatu syatām syantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsīyai sīyāvahai sīyāmahai
Secondsīyasva sīyethām sīyadhvam
Thirdsīyatām sīyetām sīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsiṣyāmi | sāsyāmi siṣyāvaḥ | sāsyāvaḥ siṣyāmaḥ | sāsyāmaḥ
Secondsiṣyasi | sāsyasi siṣyathaḥ | sāsyathaḥ siṣyatha | sāsyatha
Thirdsiṣyati | sāsyati siṣyataḥ | sāsyataḥ siṣyanti | sāsyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsetāsmi | sātāsmi setāsvaḥ | sātāsvaḥ setāsmaḥ | sātāsmaḥ
Secondsetāsi | sātāsi setāsthaḥ | sātāsthaḥ setāstha | sātāstha
Thirdsetā | sātā setārau | sātārau setāraḥ | sātāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstsasau sasiva sasima
Secondsasitha | sasātha sasathuḥ sasa
Thirdsasau sasatuḥ sasuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstasām asāva asāma
Secondasāḥ asātam asāta
Thirdasāt asātām asuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
First
Second
Thirdasāyi

Participles

Past Passive Participle
sita m. n. sitā f.

Past Active Participle
sitavat m. n. sitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
syat m. n. syantī f.

Present Passive Participle
sīyamāna m. n. sīyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
siṣyat m. n. siṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
sāsyat m. n. sāsyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
setavya m. n. setavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sātavya m. n. sātavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sāya m. n. sāyā f.

Future Passive Participle
sānīya m. n. sānīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
sasivaḥ m. n. sasuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
setum

Infinitive
sātum

Absolutive
sitvā

Absolutive
-sāya

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