The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of klid

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidyāmi klidyāvaḥ klidyāmaḥ
Secondklidyasi klidyathaḥ klidyatha
Thirdklidyati klidyataḥ klidyanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidye klidyāvahe klidyāmahe
Secondklidyase klidyethe klidyadhve
Thirdklidyate klidyete klidyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaklidyam aklidyāva aklidyāma
Secondaklidyaḥ aklidyatam aklidyata
Thirdaklidyat aklidyatām aklidyan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaklidye aklidyāvahi aklidyāmahi
Secondaklidyathāḥ aklidyethām aklidyadhvam
Thirdaklidyata aklidyetām aklidyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidyeyam klidyeva klidyema
Secondklidyeḥ klidyetam klidyeta
Thirdklidyet klidyetām klidyeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidyeya klidyevahi klidyemahi
Secondklidyethāḥ klidyeyāthām klidyedhvam
Thirdklidyeta klidyeyātām klidyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidyāni klidyāva klidyāma
Secondklidya klidyatam klidyata
Thirdklidyatu klidyatām klidyantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklidyai klidyāvahai klidyāmahai
Secondklidyasva klidyethām klidyadhvam
Thirdklidyatām klidyetām klidyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstklediṣyāmi | kletsyāmi klediṣyāvaḥ | kletsyāvaḥ klediṣyāmaḥ | kletsyāmaḥ
Secondklediṣyasi | kletsyasi klediṣyathaḥ | kletsyathaḥ klediṣyatha | kletsyatha
Thirdklediṣyati | kletsyati klediṣyataḥ | kletsyataḥ klediṣyanti | kletsyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkleditāsmi | klettāsmi kleditāsvaḥ | klettāsvaḥ kleditāsmaḥ | klettāsmaḥ
Secondkleditāsi | klettāsi kleditāsthaḥ | klettāsthaḥ kleditāstha | klettāstha
Thirdkleditā | klettā kleditārau | klettārau kleditāraḥ | klettāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcikleda ciklidiva ciklidima
Secondcikleditha ciklidathuḥ ciklida
Thirdcikleda ciklidatuḥ cikliduḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaciklidam aciklidāva aciklidāma
Secondaciklidaḥ aciklidatam aciklidata
Thirdaciklidat aciklidatām aciklidan

Participles

Past Passive Participle
klinna m. n. klinnā f.

Past Active Participle
klinnavat m. n. klinnavatī f.

Present Active Participle
klidyat m. n. klidyantī f.

Present Passive Participle
klidyamāna m. n. klidyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kletsyat m. n. kletsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
klediṣyat m. n. klediṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
klettavya m. n. klettavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kleditavya m. n. kleditavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kledya m. n. kledyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kledanīya m. n. kledanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
ciklidvaḥ m. n. cikliduṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kleditum

Infinitive
klettum

Absolutive
klintvā

Absolutive
-klinya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayāmi kledayāvaḥ kledayāmaḥ
Secondkledayasi kledayathaḥ kledayatha
Thirdkledayati kledayataḥ kledayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkledaye kledayāvahe kledayāmahe
Secondkledayase kledayethe kledayadhve
Thirdkledayate kledayete kledayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledye kledyāvahe kledyāmahe
Secondkledyase kledyethe kledyadhve
Thirdkledyate kledyete kledyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakledayam akledayāva akledayāma
Secondakledayaḥ akledayatam akledayata
Thirdakledayat akledayatām akledayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstakledaye akledayāvahi akledayāmahi
Secondakledayathāḥ akledayethām akledayadhvam
Thirdakledayata akledayetām akledayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstakledye akledyāvahi akledyāmahi
Secondakledyathāḥ akledyethām akledyadhvam
Thirdakledyata akledyetām akledyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayeyam kledayeva kledayema
Secondkledayeḥ kledayetam kledayeta
Thirdkledayet kledayetām kledayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayeya kledayevahi kledayemahi
Secondkledayethāḥ kledayeyāthām kledayedhvam
Thirdkledayeta kledayeyātām kledayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledyeya kledyevahi kledyemahi
Secondkledyethāḥ kledyeyāthām kledyedhvam
Thirdkledyeta kledyeyātām kledyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayāni kledayāva kledayāma
Secondkledaya kledayatam kledayata
Thirdkledayatu kledayatām kledayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayai kledayāvahai kledayāmahai
Secondkledayasva kledayethām kledayadhvam
Thirdkledayatām kledayetām kledayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledyai kledyāvahai kledyāmahai
Secondkledyasva kledyethām kledyadhvam
Thirdkledyatām kledyetām kledyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayiṣyāmi kledayiṣyāvaḥ kledayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondkledayiṣyasi kledayiṣyathaḥ kledayiṣyatha
Thirdkledayiṣyati kledayiṣyataḥ kledayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayiṣye kledayiṣyāvahe kledayiṣyāmahe
Secondkledayiṣyase kledayiṣyethe kledayiṣyadhve
Thirdkledayiṣyate kledayiṣyete kledayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstkledayitāsmi kledayitāsvaḥ kledayitāsmaḥ
Secondkledayitāsi kledayitāsthaḥ kledayitāstha
Thirdkledayitā kledayitārau kledayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
kledita m. n. kleditā f.

Past Active Participle
kleditavat m. n. kleditavatī f.

Present Active Participle
kledayat m. n. kledayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
kledayamāna m. n. kledayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
kledyamāna m. n. kledyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
kledayiṣyat m. n. kledayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
kledayiṣyamāṇa m. n. kledayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
kledya m. n. kledyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kledanīya m. n. kledanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
kledayitavya m. n. kledayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
kledayitum

Absolutive
kledayitvā

Absolutive
-kledya

Periphrastic Perfect
kledayām

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