The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of artha

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayāmi arthāpayāvaḥ arthāpayāmaḥ
Secondarthāpayasi arthāpayathaḥ arthāpayatha
Thirdarthāpayati arthāpayataḥ arthāpayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarthaye arthayāvahe arthayāmahe
Secondarthayase arthayethe arthayadhve
Thirdarthayate arthayete arthayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthye | arthāpye arthyāvahe | arthāpyāvahe arthyāmahe | arthāpyāmahe
Secondarthyase | arthāpyase arthyethe | arthāpyethe arthyadhve | arthāpyadhve
Thirdarthyate | arthāpyate arthyete | arthāpyete arthyante | arthāpyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstārthāpayam ārthāpayāva ārthāpayāma
Secondārthāpayaḥ ārthāpayatam ārthāpayata
Thirdārthāpayat ārthāpayatām ārthāpayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstārthaye ārthayāvahi ārthayāmahi
Secondārthayathāḥ ārthayethām ārthayadhvam
Thirdārthayata ārthayetām ārthayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstārthye | ārthāpye ārthyāvahi | ārthāpyāvahi ārthyāmahi | ārthāpyāmahi
Secondārthyathāḥ | ārthāpyathāḥ ārthyethām | ārthāpyethām ārthyadhvam | ārthāpyadhvam
Thirdārthyata | ārthāpyata ārthyetām | ārthāpyetām ārthyanta | ārthāpyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayeyam arthāpayeva arthāpayema
Secondarthāpayeḥ arthāpayetam arthāpayeta
Thirdarthāpayet arthāpayetām arthāpayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarthayeya arthayevahi arthayemahi
Secondarthayethāḥ arthayeyāthām arthayedhvam
Thirdarthayeta arthayeyātām arthayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthyeya | arthāpyeya arthyevahi | arthāpyevahi arthyemahi | arthāpyemahi
Secondarthyethāḥ | arthāpyethāḥ arthyeyāthām | arthāpyeyāthām arthyedhvam | arthāpyedhvam
Thirdarthyeta | arthāpyeta arthyeyātām | arthāpyeyātām arthyeran | arthāpyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayāni arthāpayāva arthāpayāma
Secondarthāpaya arthāpayatam arthāpayata
Thirdarthāpayatu arthāpayatām arthāpayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarthayai arthayāvahai arthayāmahai
Secondarthayasva arthayethām arthayadhvam
Thirdarthayatām arthayetām arthayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthyai | arthāpyai arthyāvahai | arthāpyāvahai arthyāmahai | arthāpyāmahai
Secondarthyasva | arthāpyasva arthyethām | arthāpyethām arthyadhvam | arthāpyadhvam
Thirdarthyatām | arthāpyatām arthyetām | arthāpyetām arthyantām | arthāpyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayiṣyāmi | arthayiṣyāmi arthāpayiṣyāvaḥ | arthayiṣyāvaḥ arthāpayiṣyāmaḥ | arthayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondarthāpayiṣyasi | arthayiṣyasi arthāpayiṣyathaḥ | arthayiṣyathaḥ arthāpayiṣyatha | arthayiṣyatha
Thirdarthāpayiṣyati | arthayiṣyati arthāpayiṣyataḥ | arthayiṣyataḥ arthāpayiṣyanti | arthayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayiṣye | arthayiṣye arthāpayiṣyāvahe | arthayiṣyāvahe arthāpayiṣyāmahe | arthayiṣyāmahe
Secondarthāpayiṣyase | arthayiṣyase arthāpayiṣyethe | arthayiṣyethe arthāpayiṣyadhve | arthayiṣyadhve
Thirdarthāpayiṣyate | arthayiṣyate arthāpayiṣyete | arthayiṣyete arthāpayiṣyante | arthayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarthāpayitāsmi | arthayitāsmi arthāpayitāsvaḥ | arthayitāsvaḥ arthāpayitāsmaḥ | arthayitāsmaḥ
Secondarthāpayitāsi | arthayitāsi arthāpayitāsthaḥ | arthayitāsthaḥ arthāpayitāstha | arthayitāstha
Thirdarthāpayitā | arthayitā arthāpayitārau | arthayitārau arthāpayitāraḥ | arthayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
arthita m. n. arthitā f.

Past Active Participle
arthitavat m. n. arthitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
arthāpayat m. n. arthāpayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
arthayamāna m. n. arthayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
arthyamāna m. n. arthyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
arthāpyamāna m. n. arthāpyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
arthāpayiṣyat m. n. arthāpayiṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
arthayiṣyat m. n. arthayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
arthayiṣyamāṇa m. n. arthayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
arthāpayiṣyamāṇa m. n. arthāpayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthāpayitavya m. n. arthāpayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthāpya m. n. arthāpyā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthāpanīya m. n. arthāpanīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthayitavya m. n. arthayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthya m. n. arthyā f.

Future Passive Participle
arthanīya m. n. arthanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
arthāpayitum

Infinitive
arthayitum

Absolutive
arthāpayitvā

Absolutive
arthayitvā

Periphrastic Perfect
arthāpayām

Periphrastic Perfect
arthayām

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