The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of rañj

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyāmi rajyāvaḥ rajyāmaḥ
Secondrajyasi rajyathaḥ rajyatha
Thirdrajyati rajyataḥ rajyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrajye rajyāvahe rajyāmahe
Secondrajyase rajyethe rajyadhve
Thirdrajyate rajyete rajyante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajye rajyāvahe rajyāmahe
Secondrajyase rajyethe rajyadhve
Thirdrajyate rajyete rajyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarajyam arajyāva arajyāma
Secondarajyaḥ arajyatam arajyata
Thirdarajyat arajyatām arajyan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarajye arajyāvahi arajyāmahi
Secondarajyathāḥ arajyethām arajyadhvam
Thirdarajyata arajyetām arajyanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarajye arajyāvahi arajyāmahi
Secondarajyathāḥ arajyethām arajyadhvam
Thirdarajyata arajyetām arajyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyeyam rajyeva rajyema
Secondrajyeḥ rajyetam rajyeta
Thirdrajyet rajyetām rajyeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyeya rajyevahi rajyemahi
Secondrajyethāḥ rajyeyāthām rajyedhvam
Thirdrajyeta rajyeyātām rajyeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyeya rajyevahi rajyemahi
Secondrajyethāḥ rajyeyāthām rajyedhvam
Thirdrajyeta rajyeyātām rajyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyāni rajyāva rajyāma
Secondrajya rajyatam rajyata
Thirdrajyatu rajyatām rajyantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyai rajyāvahai rajyāmahai
Secondrajyasva rajyethām rajyadhvam
Thirdrajyatām rajyetām rajyantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrajyai rajyāvahai rajyāmahai
Secondrajyasva rajyethām rajyadhvam
Thirdrajyatām rajyetām rajyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstraṅkṣyāmi raṅkṣyāvaḥ raṅkṣyāmaḥ
Secondraṅkṣyasi raṅkṣyathaḥ raṅkṣyatha
Thirdraṅkṣyati raṅkṣyataḥ raṅkṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstraṅkṣye raṅkṣyāvahe raṅkṣyāmahe
Secondraṅkṣyase raṅkṣyethe raṅkṣyadhve
Thirdraṅkṣyate raṅkṣyete raṅkṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstraṅktāsmi raṅktāsvaḥ raṅktāsmaḥ
Secondraṅktāsi raṅktāsthaḥ raṅktāstha
Thirdraṅktā raṅktārau raṅktāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrarañja rarañjiva rarañjima
Secondrarañjitha rarañjathuḥ rarañja
Thirdrarañja rarañjatuḥ rarañjuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrarañje rarañjivahe rarañjimahe
Secondrarañjiṣe rarañjāthe rarañjidhve
Thirdrarañje rarañjāte rarañjire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
rakta m. n. raktā f.

Past Active Participle
raktavat m. n. raktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
rajyat m. n. rajyantī f.

Present Middle Participle
rajyamāna m. n. rajyamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
rajyamāna m. n. rajyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
raṅkṣyat m. n. raṅkṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
raṅkṣyamāṇa m. n. raṅkṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
raṅktavya m. n. raṅktavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
raṅgya m. n. raṅgyā f.

Future Passive Participle
rañjanīya m. n. rañjanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
rarañjvaḥ m. n. rarañjuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
rarañjāna m. n. rarañjānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
raṅktum

Absolutive
raktvā

Absolutive
-rajya

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