The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of chid_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadmi chindvaḥ chindmaḥ
Secondchinatsi chintthaḥ chinttha
Thirdchinatti chinttaḥ chindanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchinde chindvahe chindmahe
Secondchintse chindāthe chinddhve
Thirdchintte chindāte chindate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidye chidyāvahe chidyāmahe
Secondchidyase chidyethe chidyadhve
Thirdchidyate chidyete chidyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchinadam acchindva acchindma
Secondacchinaḥ | acchinat acchinttam acchintta
Thirdacchinat acchinttām acchindan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchindi acchindvahi acchindmahi
Secondacchintthāḥ acchindāthām acchinddhvam
Thirdacchintta acchindātām acchindata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchidye acchidyāvahi acchidyāmahi
Secondacchidyathāḥ acchidyethām acchidyadhvam
Thirdacchidyata acchidyetām acchidyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchindyām chindyāva chindyāma
Secondchindyāḥ chindyātam chindyāta
Thirdchindyāt chindyātām chindyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchindīya chindīvahi chindīmahi
Secondchindīthāḥ chindīyāthām chindīdhvam
Thirdchindīta chindīyātām chindīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidyeya chidyevahi chidyemahi
Secondchidyethāḥ chidyeyāthām chidyedhvam
Thirdchidyeta chidyeyātām chidyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadāni chinadāva chinadāma
Secondchinddhi chinttam chintta
Thirdchinattu chinttām chindantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchinadai chinadāvahai chinadāmahai
Secondchintsva chindāthām chinddhvam
Thirdchinttām chindātām chindatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchidyai chidyāvahai chidyāmahai
Secondchidyasva chidyethām chidyadhvam
Thirdchidyatām chidyetām chidyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchetsyāmi chetsyāvaḥ chetsyāmaḥ
Secondchetsyasi chetsyathaḥ chetsyatha
Thirdchetsyati chetsyataḥ chetsyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchetsye chetsyāvahe chetsyāmahe
Secondchetsyase chetsyethe chetsyadhve
Thirdchetsyate chetsyete chetsyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchettāsmi chettāsvaḥ chettāsmaḥ
Secondchettāsi chettāsthaḥ chettāstha
Thirdchettā chettārau chettāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstciccheda cicchidiva cicchidima
Secondciccheditha cicchidathuḥ cicchida
Thirdciccheda cicchidatuḥ cicchiduḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcicchide cicchidivahe cicchidimahe
Secondcicchidiṣe cicchidāthe cicchididhve
Thirdcicchide cicchidāte cicchidire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchaitsam | acchetsam acchaitsva | acchetsva acchaitsma | acchetsma
Secondacchaitsīḥ | acchetsīḥ acchaittam | acchettam acchaitta | acchetta
Thirdacchaitsīt | acchetsīt acchaittām | acchettām acchaitsuḥ | acchetsuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchitsi acchitsvahi acchitsmahi
Secondacchitthāḥ acchitsāthām acchiddhvam
Thirdacchitta acchitsātām acchitsata


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchaitsam | chetsam chaitsva | chetsva chaitsma | chetsma
Secondchaitsīḥ | chetsīḥ chaittam | chettam chaitta | chetta
Thirdchaitsīt | chetsīt chaittām | chettām chaitsuḥ | chetsuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchitsi chitsvahi chitsmahi
Secondchitthāḥ chitsāthām chiddhvam
Thirdchitta chitsātām chitsata

Participles

Past Passive Participle
chinna m. n. chinnā f.

Past Active Participle
chinnavat m. n. chinnavatī f.

Present Active Participle
chindat m. n. chindatī f.

Present Middle Participle
chindāna m. n. chindānā f.

Present Passive Participle
chidyamāna m. n. chidyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
chetsyat m. n. chetsyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
chetsyamāna m. n. chetsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
chettavya m. n. chettavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chedya m. n. chedyā f.

Future Passive Participle
chedanīya m. n. chedanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cicchidvaḥ m. n. cicchiduṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cicchidāna m. n. cicchidānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chettum

Absolutive
chittvā

Absolutive
-chidya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayāmi chedayāvaḥ chedayāmaḥ
Secondchedayasi chedayathaḥ chedayatha
Thirdchedayati chedayataḥ chedayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchedaye chedayāvahe chedayāmahe
Secondchedayase chedayethe chedayadhve
Thirdchedayate chedayete chedayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedye chedyāvahe chedyāmahe
Secondchedyase chedyethe chedyadhve
Thirdchedyate chedyete chedyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchedayam acchedayāva acchedayāma
Secondacchedayaḥ acchedayatam acchedayata
Thirdacchedayat acchedayatām acchedayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacchedaye acchedayāvahi acchedayāmahi
Secondacchedayathāḥ acchedayethām acchedayadhvam
Thirdacchedayata acchedayetām acchedayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacchedye acchedyāvahi acchedyāmahi
Secondacchedyathāḥ acchedyethām acchedyadhvam
Thirdacchedyata acchedyetām acchedyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayeyam chedayeva chedayema
Secondchedayeḥ chedayetam chedayeta
Thirdchedayet chedayetām chedayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayeya chedayevahi chedayemahi
Secondchedayethāḥ chedayeyāthām chedayedhvam
Thirdchedayeta chedayeyātām chedayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedyeya chedyevahi chedyemahi
Secondchedyethāḥ chedyeyāthām chedyedhvam
Thirdchedyeta chedyeyātām chedyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayāni chedayāva chedayāma
Secondchedaya chedayatam chedayata
Thirdchedayatu chedayatām chedayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayai chedayāvahai chedayāmahai
Secondchedayasva chedayethām chedayadhvam
Thirdchedayatām chedayetām chedayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedyai chedyāvahai chedyāmahai
Secondchedyasva chedyethām chedyadhvam
Thirdchedyatām chedyetām chedyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayiṣyāmi chedayiṣyāvaḥ chedayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondchedayiṣyasi chedayiṣyathaḥ chedayiṣyatha
Thirdchedayiṣyati chedayiṣyataḥ chedayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayiṣye chedayiṣyāvahe chedayiṣyāmahe
Secondchedayiṣyase chedayiṣyethe chedayiṣyadhve
Thirdchedayiṣyate chedayiṣyete chedayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstchedayitāsmi chedayitāsvaḥ chedayitāsmaḥ
Secondchedayitāsi chedayitāsthaḥ chedayitāstha
Thirdchedayitā chedayitārau chedayitāraḥ

Participles

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
chedayitum

Absolutive
chedayitvā

Absolutive
-chedya

Periphrastic Perfect
chedayām

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