The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?jiri

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇomi jiriṇvaḥ | jiriṇuvaḥ jiriṇmaḥ | jiriṇumaḥ
Secondjiriṇoṣi jiriṇuthaḥ jiriṇutha
Thirdjiriṇoti jiriṇutaḥ jiriṇvanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇve jiriṇvahe | jiriṇuvahe jiriṇmahe | jiriṇumahe
Secondjiriṇuṣe jiriṇvāthe jiriṇudhve
Thirdjiriṇute jiriṇvāte jiriṇvate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjirīye jirīyāvahe jirīyāmahe
Secondjirīyase jirīyethe jirīyadhve
Thirdjirīyate jirīyete jirīyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajiriṇavam ajiriṇva | ajiriṇuva ajiriṇma | ajiriṇuma
Secondajiriṇoḥ ajiriṇutam ajiriṇuta
Thirdajiriṇot ajiriṇutām ajiriṇvan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajiriṇvi ajiriṇvahi | ajiriṇuvahi ajiriṇmahi | ajiriṇumahi
Secondajiriṇuthāḥ ajiriṇvāthām ajiriṇudhvam
Thirdajiriṇuta ajiriṇvātām ajiriṇvata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajirīye ajirīyāvahi ajirīyāmahi
Secondajirīyathāḥ ajirīyethām ajirīyadhvam
Thirdajirīyata ajirīyetām ajirīyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇuyām jiriṇuyāva jiriṇuyāma
Secondjiriṇuyāḥ jiriṇuyātam jiriṇuyāta
Thirdjiriṇuyāt jiriṇuyātām jiriṇuyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇvīya jiriṇvīvahi jiriṇvīmahi
Secondjiriṇvīthāḥ jiriṇvīyāthām jiriṇvīdhvam
Thirdjiriṇvīta jiriṇvīyātām jiriṇvīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjirīyeya jirīyevahi jirīyemahi
Secondjirīyethāḥ jirīyeyāthām jirīyedhvam
Thirdjirīyeta jirīyeyātām jirīyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇavāni jiriṇavāva jiriṇavāma
Secondjiriṇu jiriṇutam jiriṇuta
Thirdjiriṇotu jiriṇutām jiriṇvantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjiriṇavai jiriṇavāvahai jiriṇavāmahai
Secondjiriṇuṣva jiriṇvāthām jiriṇudhvam
Thirdjiriṇutām jiriṇvātām jiriṇvatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjirīyai jirīyāvahai jirīyāmahai
Secondjirīyasva jirīyethām jirīyadhvam
Thirdjirīyatām jirīyetām jirīyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjirayiṣyāmi jirayiṣyāvaḥ jirayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjirayiṣyasi jirayiṣyathaḥ jirayiṣyatha
Thirdjirayiṣyati jirayiṣyataḥ jirayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjirayiṣye jirayiṣyāvahe jirayiṣyāmahe
Secondjirayiṣyase jirayiṣyethe jirayiṣyadhve
Thirdjirayiṣyate jirayiṣyete jirayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjirayitāsmi jirayitāsvaḥ jirayitāsmaḥ
Secondjirayitāsi jirayitāsthaḥ jirayitāstha
Thirdjirayitā jirayitārau jirayitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjijirya | jijirāya jijiriyiva jijiriyima
Secondjijirītha | jijiritha jijiriyathuḥ jijiriya
Thirdjijirāya jijiriyatuḥ jijiriyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjijiriye jijiriyivahe jijiriyimahe
Secondjijiriyiṣe jijiriyāthe jijiriyidhve
Thirdjijiriye jijiriyāte jijiriyire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jirīta m. n. jirītā f.

Past Active Participle
jirītavat m. n. jirītavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jiriṇvat m. n. jiriṇvatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jiriṇvāna m. n. jiriṇvānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jirīyamāṇa m. n. jirīyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
jirayiṣyat m. n. jirayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jirayiṣyamāṇa m. n. jirayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jirayitavya m. n. jirayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jireya m. n. jireyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jirayaṇīya m. n. jirayaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jijirivaḥ m. n. jijiryuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jijiryāṇa m. n. jijiryāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jirayitum

Absolutive
jirītvā

Absolutive
-jirītya

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