The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of vṛdh_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhe vardhāvahe vardhāmahe
Secondvardhase vardhethe vardhadhve
Thirdvardhate vardhete vardhante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛdhye vṛdhyāvahe vṛdhyāmahe
Secondvṛdhyase vṛdhyethe vṛdhyadhve
Thirdvṛdhyate vṛdhyete vṛdhyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavardhe avardhāvahi avardhāmahi
Secondavardhathāḥ avardhethām avardhadhvam
Thirdavardhata avardhetām avardhanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛdhye avṛdhyāvahi avṛdhyāmahi
Secondavṛdhyathāḥ avṛdhyethām avṛdhyadhvam
Thirdavṛdhyata avṛdhyetām avṛdhyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardheya vardhevahi vardhemahi
Secondvardhethāḥ vardheyāthām vardhedhvam
Thirdvardheta vardheyātām vardheran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛdhyeya vṛdhyevahi vṛdhyemahi
Secondvṛdhyethāḥ vṛdhyeyāthām vṛdhyedhvam
Thirdvṛdhyeta vṛdhyeyātām vṛdhyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhai vardhāvahai vardhāmahai
Secondvardhasva vardhethām vardhadhvam
Thirdvardhatām vardhetām vardhantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛdhyai vṛdhyāvahai vṛdhyāmahai
Secondvṛdhyasva vṛdhyethām vṛdhyadhvam
Thirdvṛdhyatām vṛdhyetām vṛdhyantām


Future

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhiṣye vardhiṣyāvahe vardhiṣyāmahe
Secondvardhiṣyase vardhiṣyethe vardhiṣyadhve
Thirdvardhiṣyate vardhiṣyete vardhiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhitāsmi vardhitāsvaḥ vardhitāsmaḥ
Secondvardhitāsi vardhitāsthaḥ vardhitāstha
Thirdvardhitā vardhitārau vardhitāraḥ


Perfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvavṛdhe vavṛdhivahe vavṛdhimahe
Secondvavṛdhiṣe vavṛdhāthe vavṛdhidhve
Thirdvavṛdhe vavṛdhāte vavṛdhire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
vṛddha m. n. vṛddhā f.

Past Active Participle
vṛddhavat m. n. vṛddhavatī f.

Present Middle Participle
vardhamāna m. n. vardhamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
vṛdhyamāna m. n. vṛdhyamānā f.

Future Middle Participle
vardhiṣyamāṇa m. n. vardhiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
vardhitavya m. n. vardhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vṛdhya m. n. vṛdhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vardhanīya m. n. vardhanīyā f.

Perfect Middle Participle
vavṛdhāna m. n. vavṛdhānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
vardhitum

Absolutive
vṛddhvā

Absolutive
vardhitvā

Absolutive
-vṛdhya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayāmi vardhayāvaḥ vardhayāmaḥ
Secondvardhayasi vardhayathaḥ vardhayatha
Thirdvardhayati vardhayataḥ vardhayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhaye vardhayāvahe vardhayāmahe
Secondvardhayase vardhayethe vardhayadhve
Thirdvardhayate vardhayete vardhayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhye vardhyāvahe vardhyāmahe
Secondvardhyase vardhyethe vardhyadhve
Thirdvardhyate vardhyete vardhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavardhayam avardhayāva avardhayāma
Secondavardhayaḥ avardhayatam avardhayata
Thirdavardhayat avardhayatām avardhayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavardhaye avardhayāvahi avardhayāmahi
Secondavardhayathāḥ avardhayethām avardhayadhvam
Thirdavardhayata avardhayetām avardhayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavardhye avardhyāvahi avardhyāmahi
Secondavardhyathāḥ avardhyethām avardhyadhvam
Thirdavardhyata avardhyetām avardhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayeyam vardhayeva vardhayema
Secondvardhayeḥ vardhayetam vardhayeta
Thirdvardhayet vardhayetām vardhayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayeya vardhayevahi vardhayemahi
Secondvardhayethāḥ vardhayeyāthām vardhayedhvam
Thirdvardhayeta vardhayeyātām vardhayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhyeya vardhyevahi vardhyemahi
Secondvardhyethāḥ vardhyeyāthām vardhyedhvam
Thirdvardhyeta vardhyeyātām vardhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayāni vardhayāva vardhayāma
Secondvardhaya vardhayatam vardhayata
Thirdvardhayatu vardhayatām vardhayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayai vardhayāvahai vardhayāmahai
Secondvardhayasva vardhayethām vardhayadhvam
Thirdvardhayatām vardhayetām vardhayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhyai vardhyāvahai vardhyāmahai
Secondvardhyasva vardhyethām vardhyadhvam
Thirdvardhyatām vardhyetām vardhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayiṣyāmi vardhayiṣyāvaḥ vardhayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondvardhayiṣyasi vardhayiṣyathaḥ vardhayiṣyatha
Thirdvardhayiṣyati vardhayiṣyataḥ vardhayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayiṣye vardhayiṣyāvahe vardhayiṣyāmahe
Secondvardhayiṣyase vardhayiṣyethe vardhayiṣyadhve
Thirdvardhayiṣyate vardhayiṣyete vardhayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvardhayitāsmi vardhayitāsvaḥ vardhayitāsmaḥ
Secondvardhayitāsi vardhayitāsthaḥ vardhayitāstha
Thirdvardhayitā vardhayitārau vardhayitāraḥ

Participles

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
vardhayitum

Absolutive
vardhayitvā

Absolutive
-vardhya

Periphrastic Perfect
vardhayām

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