The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of tañc

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttañcāmi tañcāvaḥ tañcāmaḥ
Secondtañcasi tañcathaḥ tañcatha
Thirdtañcati tañcataḥ tañcanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttacye tacyāvahe tacyāmahe
Secondtacyase tacyethe tacyadhve
Thirdtacyate tacyete tacyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatañcam atañcāva atañcāma
Secondatañcaḥ atañcatam atañcata
Thirdatañcat atañcatām atañcan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstatacye atacyāvahi atacyāmahi
Secondatacyathāḥ atacyethām atacyadhvam
Thirdatacyata atacyetām atacyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttañceyam tañceva tañcema
Secondtañceḥ tañcetam tañceta
Thirdtañcet tañcetām tañceyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttacyeya tacyevahi tacyemahi
Secondtacyethāḥ tacyeyāthām tacyedhvam
Thirdtacyeta tacyeyātām tacyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttañcāni tañcāva tañcāma
Secondtañca tañcatam tañcata
Thirdtañcatu tañcatām tañcantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttacyai tacyāvahai tacyāmahai
Secondtacyasva tacyethām tacyadhvam
Thirdtacyatām tacyetām tacyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttañciṣyāmi | taṅkṣyāmi tañciṣyāvaḥ | taṅkṣyāvaḥ tañciṣyāmaḥ | taṅkṣyāmaḥ
Secondtañciṣyasi | taṅkṣyasi tañciṣyathaḥ | taṅkṣyathaḥ tañciṣyatha | taṅkṣyatha
Thirdtañciṣyati | taṅkṣyati tañciṣyataḥ | taṅkṣyataḥ tañciṣyanti | taṅkṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttañcitāsmi | taṅktāsmi tañcitāsvaḥ | taṅktāsvaḥ tañcitāsmaḥ | taṅktāsmaḥ
Secondtañcitāsi | taṅktāsi tañcitāsthaḥ | taṅktāsthaḥ tañcitāstha | taṅktāstha
Thirdtañcitā | taṅktā tañcitārau | taṅktārau tañcitāraḥ | taṅktāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firsttatañca tatañciva tatañcima
Secondtatañcitha tatañcathuḥ tatañca
Thirdtatañca tatañcatuḥ tatañcuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
takta m. n. taktā f.

Past Active Participle
taktavat m. n. taktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
tañcat m. n. tañcantī f.

Present Passive Participle
tacyamāna m. n. tacyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
taṅkṣyat m. n. taṅkṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
tañciṣyat m. n. tañciṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
taṅktavya m. n. taṅktavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
tañcitavya m. n. tañcitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
taṅkya m. n. taṅkyā f.

Future Passive Participle
tañcanīya m. n. tañcanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
tatañcvaḥ m. n. tatañcuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
tañcitum

Infinitive
taṅktum

Absolutive
tañcitvā

Absolutive
taktvā

Absolutive
-tacya

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