The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ru

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstravāmi ravāvaḥ ravāmaḥ
Secondravasi ravathaḥ ravatha
Thirdravati ravataḥ ravanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrūye rūyāvahe rūyāmahe
Secondrūyase rūyethe rūyadhve
Thirdrūyate rūyete rūyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaravam aravāva aravāma
Secondaravaḥ aravatam aravata
Thirdaravat aravatām aravan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstarūye arūyāvahi arūyāmahi
Secondarūyathāḥ arūyethām arūyadhvam
Thirdarūyata arūyetām arūyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstraveyam raveva ravema
Secondraveḥ ravetam raveta
Thirdravet ravetām raveyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrūyeya rūyevahi rūyemahi
Secondrūyethāḥ rūyeyāthām rūyedhvam
Thirdrūyeta rūyeyātām rūyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstravāṇi ravāva ravāma
Secondrava ravatam ravata
Thirdravatu ravatām ravantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrūyai rūyāvahai rūyāmahai
Secondrūyasva rūyethām rūyadhvam
Thirdrūyatām rūyetām rūyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstraviṣyāmi raviṣyāvaḥ raviṣyāmaḥ
Secondraviṣyasi raviṣyathaḥ raviṣyatha
Thirdraviṣyati raviṣyataḥ raviṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstravitāsmi ravitāsvaḥ ravitāsmaḥ
Secondravitāsi ravitāsthaḥ ravitāstha
Thirdravitā ravitārau ravitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstrurāva | rurava ruruva ruruma
Secondrurotha | ruravitha ruruvathuḥ ruruva
Thirdrurāva ruruvatuḥ ruruvuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
ruta m. n. rutā f.

Past Active Participle
rutavat m. n. rutavatī f.

Present Active Participle
ravat m. n. ravantī f.

Present Passive Participle
rūyamāṇa m. n. rūyamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
raviṣyat m. n. raviṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
ravitavya m. n. ravitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ravya m. n. ravyā f.

Future Passive Participle
ravaṇīya m. n. ravaṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
ruruvaḥ m. n. rurūṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
ravitum

Absolutive
rutvā

Absolutive
-rutya

Intensive Conjugation

Present

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrorūye rorūyāvahe rorūyāmahe
Secondrorūyase rorūyethe rorūyadhve
Thirdrorūyate rorūyete rorūyante


Imperfect

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstarorūye arorūyāvahi arorūyāmahi
Secondarorūyathāḥ arorūyethām arorūyadhvam
Thirdarorūyata arorūyetām arorūyanta


Optative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrorūyeya rorūyevahi rorūyemahi
Secondrorūyethāḥ rorūyeyāthām rorūyedhvam
Thirdrorūyeta rorūyeyātām rorūyeran


Imperative

MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstrorūyai rorūyāvahai rorūyāmahai
Secondrorūyasva rorūyethām rorūyadhvam
Thirdrorūyatām rorūyetām rorūyantām

Participles

Present Middle Participle
rorūyamāṇa m. n. rorūyamāṇā f.

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