The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?juñc

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñcāmi juñcāvaḥ juñcāmaḥ
Secondjuñcasi juñcathaḥ juñcatha
Thirdjuñcati juñcataḥ juñcanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñce juñcāvahe juñcāmahe
Secondjuñcase juñcethe juñcadhve
Thirdjuñcate juñcete juñcante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjucye jucyāvahe jucyāmahe
Secondjucyase jucyethe jucyadhve
Thirdjucyate jucyete jucyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajuñcam ajuñcāva ajuñcāma
Secondajuñcaḥ ajuñcatam ajuñcata
Thirdajuñcat ajuñcatām ajuñcan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajuñce ajuñcāvahi ajuñcāmahi
Secondajuñcathāḥ ajuñcethām ajuñcadhvam
Thirdajuñcata ajuñcetām ajuñcanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajucye ajucyāvahi ajucyāmahi
Secondajucyathāḥ ajucyethām ajucyadhvam
Thirdajucyata ajucyetām ajucyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñceyam juñceva juñcema
Secondjuñceḥ juñcetam juñceta
Thirdjuñcet juñcetām juñceyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñceya juñcevahi juñcemahi
Secondjuñcethāḥ juñceyāthām juñcedhvam
Thirdjuñceta juñceyātām juñceran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjucyeya jucyevahi jucyemahi
Secondjucyethāḥ jucyeyāthām jucyedhvam
Thirdjucyeta jucyeyātām jucyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñcāni juñcāva juñcāma
Secondjuñca juñcatam juñcata
Thirdjuñcatu juñcatām juñcantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñcai juñcāvahai juñcāmahai
Secondjuñcasva juñcethām juñcadhvam
Thirdjuñcatām juñcetām juñcantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjucyai jucyāvahai jucyāmahai
Secondjucyasva jucyethām jucyadhvam
Thirdjucyatām jucyetām jucyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñciṣyāmi juñciṣyāvaḥ juñciṣyāmaḥ
Secondjuñciṣyasi juñciṣyathaḥ juñciṣyatha
Thirdjuñciṣyati juñciṣyataḥ juñciṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñciṣye juñciṣyāvahe juñciṣyāmahe
Secondjuñciṣyase juñciṣyethe juñciṣyadhve
Thirdjuñciṣyate juñciṣyete juñciṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjuñcitāsmi juñcitāsvaḥ juñcitāsmaḥ
Secondjuñcitāsi juñcitāsthaḥ juñcitāstha
Thirdjuñcitā juñcitārau juñcitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjujuñca jujuñciva jujuñcima
Secondjujuñcitha jujuñcathuḥ jujuñca
Thirdjujuñca jujuñcatuḥ jujuñcuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjujuñce jujuñcivahe jujuñcimahe
Secondjujuñciṣe jujuñcāthe jujuñcidhve
Thirdjujuñce jujuñcāte jujuñcire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
juñcita m. n. juñcitā f.

Past Active Participle
juñcitavat m. n. juñcitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
juñcat m. n. juñcantī f.

Present Middle Participle
juñcamāna m. n. juñcamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jucyamāna m. n. jucyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
juñciṣyat m. n. juñciṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
juñciṣyamāṇa m. n. juñciṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
juñcitavya m. n. juñcitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
juṅkya m. n. juṅkyā f.

Future Passive Participle
juñcanīya m. n. juñcanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jujuñcvaḥ m. n. jujuñcuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jujuñcāna m. n. jujuñcānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
juñcitum

Absolutive
juñcitvā

Absolutive
-jucya

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