The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of jṝ

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇāmi jṛṇīvaḥ jṛṇīmaḥ
Secondjṛṇāsi jṛṇīthaḥ jṛṇītha
Thirdjṛṇāti jṛṇītaḥ jṛṇanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇe jṛṇīvahe jṛṇīmahe
Secondjṛṇīṣe jṛṇāthe jṛṇīdhve
Thirdjṛṇīte jṛṇāte jṛṇate


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīrye jīryāvahe jīryāmahe
Secondjīryase jīryethe jīryadhve
Thirdjīryate jīryete jīryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajṛṇām ajṛṇīva ajṛṇīma
Secondajṛṇāḥ ajṛṇītam ajṛṇīta
Thirdajṛṇāt ajṛṇītām ajṛṇan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajṛṇi ajṛṇīvahi ajṛṇīmahi
Secondajṛṇīthāḥ ajṛṇāthām ajṛṇīdhvam
Thirdajṛṇīta ajṛṇātām ajṛṇata


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajīrye ajīryāvahi ajīryāmahi
Secondajīryathāḥ ajīryethām ajīryadhvam
Thirdajīryata ajīryetām ajīryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇīyām jṛṇīyāva jṛṇīyāma
Secondjṛṇīyāḥ jṛṇīyātam jṛṇīyāta
Thirdjṛṇīyāt jṛṇīyātām jṛṇīyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇīya jṛṇīvahi jṛṇīmahi
Secondjṛṇīthāḥ jṛṇīyāthām jṛṇīdhvam
Thirdjṛṇīta jṛṇīyātām jṛṇīran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryeya jīryevahi jīryemahi
Secondjīryethāḥ jīryeyāthām jīryedhvam
Thirdjīryeta jīryeyātām jīryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇāni jṛṇāva jṛṇāma
Secondjṛṇīhi jṛṇītam jṛṇīta
Thirdjṛṇātu jṛṇītām jṛṇantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjṛṇai jṛṇāvahai jṛṇāmahai
Secondjṛṇīṣva jṛṇāthām jṛṇīdhvam
Thirdjṛṇītām jṛṇātām jṛṇatām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjīryai jīryāvahai jīryāmahai
Secondjīryasva jīryethām jīryadhvam
Thirdjīryatām jīryetām jīryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarīṣyāmi | jariṣyāmi jarīṣyāvaḥ | jariṣyāvaḥ jarīṣyāmaḥ | jariṣyāmaḥ
Secondjarīṣyasi | jariṣyasi jarīṣyathaḥ | jariṣyathaḥ jarīṣyatha | jariṣyatha
Thirdjarīṣyati | jariṣyati jarīṣyataḥ | jariṣyataḥ jarīṣyanti | jariṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjarīṣye | jariṣye jarīṣyāvahe | jariṣyāvahe jarīṣyāmahe | jariṣyāmahe
Secondjarīṣyase | jariṣyase jarīṣyethe | jariṣyethe jarīṣyadhve | jariṣyadhve
Thirdjarīṣyate | jariṣyate jarīṣyete | jariṣyete jarīṣyante | jariṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarītāsmi | jaritāsmi jarītāsvaḥ | jaritāsvaḥ jarītāsmaḥ | jaritāsmaḥ
Secondjarītāsi | jaritāsi jarītāsthaḥ | jaritāsthaḥ jarītāstha | jaritāstha
Thirdjarītā | jaritā jarītārau | jaritārau jarītāraḥ | jaritāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjajāra | jajara jajariva jajarima
Secondjajaritha jajarathuḥ jajara
Thirdjajāra jajaratuḥ jajaruḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjajare jajarivahe jajarimahe
Secondjajariṣe jajarāthe jajaridhve
Thirdjajare jajarāte jajarire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jīrṇa m. n. jīrṇā f.

Past Active Participle
jīrṇavat m. n. jīrṇavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jṛṇat m. n. jṛṇatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jṛṇāna m. n. jṛṇānā f.

Present Passive Participle
jīryamāṇa m. n. jīryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
jariṣyat m. n. jariṣyantī f.

Future Active Participle
jarīṣyat m. n. jarīṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jarīṣyamāṇa m. n. jarīṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
jariṣyamāṇa m. n. jariṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jaritavya m. n. jaritavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jarītavya m. n. jarītavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jārya m. n. jāryā f.

Future Passive Participle
jaraṇīya m. n. jaraṇīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
jajarvaḥ m. n. jajaruṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
jajarāṇa m. n. jajarāṇā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jarītum

Infinitive
jaritum

Absolutive
jīrtvā

Absolutive
-jīrya

Causative Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayāmi jarayāvaḥ jarayāmaḥ
Secondjarayasi jarayathaḥ jarayatha
Thirdjarayati jarayataḥ jarayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjaraye jarayāvahe jarayāmahe
Secondjarayase jarayethe jarayadhve
Thirdjarayate jarayete jarayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarye jaryāvahe jaryāmahe
Secondjaryase jaryethe jaryadhve
Thirdjaryate jaryete jaryante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajarayam ajarayāva ajarayāma
Secondajarayaḥ ajarayatam ajarayata
Thirdajarayat ajarayatām ajarayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstajaraye ajarayāvahi ajarayāmahi
Secondajarayathāḥ ajarayethām ajarayadhvam
Thirdajarayata ajarayetām ajarayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstajarye ajaryāvahi ajaryāmahi
Secondajaryathāḥ ajaryethām ajaryadhvam
Thirdajaryata ajaryetām ajaryanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayeyam jarayeva jarayema
Secondjarayeḥ jarayetam jarayeta
Thirdjarayet jarayetām jarayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayeya jarayevahi jarayemahi
Secondjarayethāḥ jarayeyāthām jarayedhvam
Thirdjarayeta jarayeyātām jarayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaryeya jaryevahi jaryemahi
Secondjaryethāḥ jaryeyāthām jaryedhvam
Thirdjaryeta jaryeyātām jaryeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayāṇi jarayāva jarayāma
Secondjaraya jarayatam jarayata
Thirdjarayatu jarayatām jarayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayai jarayāvahai jarayāmahai
Secondjarayasva jarayethām jarayadhvam
Thirdjarayatām jarayetām jarayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjaryai jaryāvahai jaryāmahai
Secondjaryasva jaryethām jaryadhvam
Thirdjaryatām jaryetām jaryantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayiṣyāmi jarayiṣyāvaḥ jarayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondjarayiṣyasi jarayiṣyathaḥ jarayiṣyatha
Thirdjarayiṣyati jarayiṣyataḥ jarayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayiṣye jarayiṣyāvahe jarayiṣyāmahe
Secondjarayiṣyase jarayiṣyethe jarayiṣyadhve
Thirdjarayiṣyate jarayiṣyete jarayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstjarayitāsmi jarayitāsvaḥ jarayitāsmaḥ
Secondjarayitāsi jarayitāsthaḥ jarayitāstha
Thirdjarayitā jarayitārau jarayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
jarita m. n. jaritā f.

Past Active Participle
jaritavat m. n. jaritavatī f.

Present Active Participle
jarayat m. n. jarayatī f.

Present Middle Participle
jarayamāṇa m. n. jarayamāṇā f.

Present Passive Participle
jaryamāṇa m. n. jaryamāṇā f.

Future Active Participle
jarayiṣyat m. n. jarayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
jarayiṣyamāṇa m. n. jarayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
jarya m. n. jaryā f.

Future Passive Participle
jaraṇīya m. n. jaraṇīyā f.

Future Passive Participle
jarayitavya m. n. jarayitavyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
jarayitum

Absolutive
jarayitvā

Absolutive
-jarya

Periphrastic Perfect
jarayām

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