The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?cil

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcilāmi cilāvaḥ cilāmaḥ
Secondcilasi cilathaḥ cilatha
Thirdcilati cilataḥ cilanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcile cilāvahe cilāmahe
Secondcilase cilethe ciladhve
Thirdcilate cilete cilante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcilye cilyāvahe cilyāmahe
Secondcilyase cilyethe cilyadhve
Thirdcilyate cilyete cilyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacilam acilāva acilāma
Secondacilaḥ acilatam acilata
Thirdacilat acilatām acilan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacile acilāvahi acilāmahi
Secondacilathāḥ acilethām aciladhvam
Thirdacilata aciletām acilanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacilye acilyāvahi acilyāmahi
Secondacilyathāḥ acilyethām acilyadhvam
Thirdacilyata acilyetām acilyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcileyam cileva cilema
Secondcileḥ ciletam cileta
Thirdcilet ciletām cileyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcileya cilevahi cilemahi
Secondcilethāḥ cileyāthām ciledhvam
Thirdcileta cileyātām cileran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcilyeya cilyevahi cilyemahi
Secondcilyethāḥ cilyeyāthām cilyedhvam
Thirdcilyeta cilyeyātām cilyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcilāni cilāva cilāma
Secondcila cilatam cilata
Thirdcilatu cilatām cilantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcilai cilāvahai cilāmahai
Secondcilasva cilethām ciladhvam
Thirdcilatām ciletām cilantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcilyai cilyāvahai cilyāmahai
Secondcilyasva cilyethām cilyadhvam
Thirdcilyatām cilyetām cilyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceliṣyāmi celiṣyāvaḥ celiṣyāmaḥ
Secondceliṣyasi celiṣyathaḥ celiṣyatha
Thirdceliṣyati celiṣyataḥ celiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceliṣye celiṣyāvahe celiṣyāmahe
Secondceliṣyase celiṣyethe celiṣyadhve
Thirdceliṣyate celiṣyete celiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelitāsmi celitāsvaḥ celitāsmaḥ
Secondcelitāsi celitāsthaḥ celitāstha
Thirdcelitā celitārau celitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcicela ciciliva cicilima
Secondcicelitha cicilathuḥ cicila
Thirdcicela cicilatuḥ ciciluḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcicile cicilivahe cicilimahe
Secondciciliṣe cicilāthe cicilidhve
Thirdcicile cicilāte cicilire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
cilta m. n. ciltā f.

Past Active Participle
ciltavat m. n. ciltavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cilat m. n. cilantī f.

Present Middle Participle
cilamāna m. n. cilamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
cilyamāna m. n. cilyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
celiṣyat m. n. celiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
celiṣyamāṇa m. n. celiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
celitavya m. n. celitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
celya m. n. celyā f.

Future Passive Participle
celanīya m. n. celanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cicilvaḥ m. n. ciciluṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cicilāna m. n. cicilānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
celitum

Absolutive
ciltvā

Absolutive
-cilya

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