The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?cel

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelāmi celāvaḥ celāmaḥ
Secondcelasi celathaḥ celatha
Thirdcelati celataḥ celanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcele celāvahe celāmahe
Secondcelase celethe celadhve
Thirdcelate celete celante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelye celyāvahe celyāmahe
Secondcelyase celyethe celyadhve
Thirdcelyate celyete celyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacelam acelāva acelāma
Secondacelaḥ acelatam acelata
Thirdacelat acelatām acelan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacele acelāvahi acelāmahi
Secondacelathāḥ acelethām aceladhvam
Thirdacelata aceletām acelanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacelye acelyāvahi acelyāmahi
Secondacelyathāḥ acelyethām acelyadhvam
Thirdacelyata acelyetām acelyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceleyam celeva celema
Secondceleḥ celetam celeta
Thirdcelet celetām celeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceleya celevahi celemahi
Secondcelethāḥ celeyāthām celedhvam
Thirdceleta celeyātām celeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelyeya celyevahi celyemahi
Secondcelyethāḥ celyeyāthām celyedhvam
Thirdcelyeta celyeyātām celyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelāni celāva celāma
Secondcela celatam celata
Thirdcelatu celatām celantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcelai celāvahai celāmahai
Secondcelasva celethām celadhvam
Thirdcelatām celetām celantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelyai celyāvahai celyāmahai
Secondcelyasva celyethām celyadhvam
Thirdcelyatām celyetām celyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstceliṣyāmi celiṣyāvaḥ celiṣyāmaḥ
Secondceliṣyasi celiṣyathaḥ celiṣyatha
Thirdceliṣyati celiṣyataḥ celiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstceliṣye celiṣyāvahe celiṣyāmahe
Secondceliṣyase celiṣyethe celiṣyadhve
Thirdceliṣyate celiṣyete celiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcelitāsmi celitāsvaḥ celitāsmaḥ
Secondcelitāsi celitāsthaḥ celitāstha
Thirdcelitā celitārau celitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcacela caceliva cacelima
Secondcacelitha cacelathuḥ cacela
Thirdcacela cacelatuḥ caceluḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcacele cacelivahe cacelimahe
Secondcaceliṣe cacelāthe cacelidhve
Thirdcacele cacelāte cacelire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
celta m. n. celtā f.

Past Active Participle
celtavat m. n. celtavatī f.

Present Active Participle
celat m. n. celantī f.

Present Middle Participle
celamāna m. n. celamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
celyamāna m. n. celyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
celiṣyat m. n. celiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
celiṣyamāṇa m. n. celiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
celitavya m. n. celitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
celya m. n. celyā f.

Future Passive Participle
celanīya m. n. celanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
cacelvaḥ m. n. caceluṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
cacelāna m. n. cacelānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
celitum

Absolutive
celtvā

Absolutive
-celya

Le chameau Ocaml
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