The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of ?cṛt

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayāmi cartayāvaḥ cartayāmaḥ
Secondcartayasi cartayathaḥ cartayatha
Thirdcartayati cartayataḥ cartayanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcartaye cartayāvahe cartayāmahe
Secondcartayase cartayethe cartayadhve
Thirdcartayate cartayete cartayante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartye cartyāvahe cartyāmahe
Secondcartyase cartyethe cartyadhve
Thirdcartyate cartyete cartyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacartayam acartayāva acartayāma
Secondacartayaḥ acartayatam acartayata
Thirdacartayat acartayatām acartayan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstacartaye acartayāvahi acartayāmahi
Secondacartayathāḥ acartayethām acartayadhvam
Thirdacartayata acartayetām acartayanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstacartye acartyāvahi acartyāmahi
Secondacartyathāḥ acartyethām acartyadhvam
Thirdacartyata acartyetām acartyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayeyam cartayeva cartayema
Secondcartayeḥ cartayetam cartayeta
Thirdcartayet cartayetām cartayeyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayeya cartayevahi cartayemahi
Secondcartayethāḥ cartayeyāthām cartayedhvam
Thirdcartayeta cartayeyātām cartayeran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartyeya cartyevahi cartyemahi
Secondcartyethāḥ cartyeyāthām cartyedhvam
Thirdcartyeta cartyeyātām cartyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayāni cartayāva cartayāma
Secondcartaya cartayatam cartayata
Thirdcartayatu cartayatām cartayantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayai cartayāvahai cartayāmahai
Secondcartayasva cartayethām cartayadhvam
Thirdcartayatām cartayetām cartayantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartyai cartyāvahai cartyāmahai
Secondcartyasva cartyethām cartyadhvam
Thirdcartyatām cartyetām cartyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayiṣyāmi cartayiṣyāvaḥ cartayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondcartayiṣyasi cartayiṣyathaḥ cartayiṣyatha
Thirdcartayiṣyati cartayiṣyataḥ cartayiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayiṣye cartayiṣyāvahe cartayiṣyāmahe
Secondcartayiṣyase cartayiṣyethe cartayiṣyadhve
Thirdcartayiṣyate cartayiṣyete cartayiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstcartayitāsmi cartayitāsvaḥ cartayitāsmaḥ
Secondcartayitāsi cartayitāsthaḥ cartayitāstha
Thirdcartayitā cartayitārau cartayitāraḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
cṛtita m. n. cṛtitā f.

Past Active Participle
cṛtitavat m. n. cṛtitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
cartayat m. n. cartayantī f.

Present Middle Participle
cartayamāna m. n. cartayamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
cartyamāna m. n. cartyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
cartayiṣyat m. n. cartayiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
cartayiṣyamāṇa m. n. cartayiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
cartayitavya m. n. cartayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cṛtya m. n. cṛtyā f.

Future Passive Participle
cartanīya m. n. cartanīyā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
cartayitum

Absolutive
cṛtayitvā

Absolutive
-cṛtayya

Periphrastic Perfect
cartayām

Le chameau Ocaml
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