The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śū

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśvayāmi śvayāvaḥ śvayāmaḥ
Secondśvayasi śvayathaḥ śvayatha
Thirdśvayati śvayataḥ śvayanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśūye śūyāvahe śūyāmahe
Secondśūyase śūyethe śūyadhve
Thirdśūyate śūyete śūyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśvayam aśvayāva aśvayāma
Secondaśvayaḥ aśvayatam aśvayata
Thirdaśvayat aśvayatām aśvayan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśūye aśūyāvahi aśūyāmahi
Secondaśūyathāḥ aśūyethām aśūyadhvam
Thirdaśūyata aśūyetām aśūyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśvayeyam śvayeva śvayema
Secondśvayeḥ śvayetam śvayeta
Thirdśvayet śvayetām śvayeyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśūyeya śūyevahi śūyemahi
Secondśūyethāḥ śūyeyāthām śūyedhvam
Thirdśūyeta śūyeyātām śūyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśvayāni śvayāva śvayāma
Secondśvaya śvayatam śvayata
Thirdśvayatu śvayatām śvayantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśūyai śūyāvahai śūyāmahai
Secondśūyasva śūyethām śūyadhvam
Thirdśūyatām śūyetām śūyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśvayiṣyāmi śvayiṣyāvaḥ śvayiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśvayiṣyasi śvayiṣyathaḥ śvayiṣyatha
Thirdśvayiṣyati śvayiṣyataḥ śvayiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśvayitāsmi śvayitāsvaḥ śvayitāsmaḥ
Secondśvayitāsi śvayitāsthaḥ śvayitāstha
Thirdśvayitā śvayitārau śvayitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśuśāva | śuśava śuśuva śuśuma
Secondśuśotha | śuśavitha śuśuvathuḥ śuśuva
Thirdśuśāva śuśuvatuḥ śuśuvuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśvayiṣam | aśvam aśvāva | aśvayiṣva aśvāma | aśvayiṣma
Secondaśvaḥ | aśvayīḥ aśvayiṣṭam | aśvatam aśvayiṣṭa | aśvata
Thirdaśvayīt | aśvat aśvayiṣṭām | aśvatām aśvayiṣuḥ | aśvan

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śūna m. n. śūnā f.

Past Active Participle
śūnavat m. n. śūnavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śvayat m. n. śvayantī f.

Present Passive Participle
śūyamāna m. n. śūyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śvayiṣyat m. n. śvayiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
śvayitavya m. n. śvayitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śavya m. n. śavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śavanīya m. n. śavanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śuśūvaḥ m. n. śuśūṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śvayitum

Absolutive
śūtvā

Absolutive
-śūya

Le chameau Ocaml
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