The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śumbh

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhāmi śumbhāvaḥ śumbhāmaḥ
Secondśumbhasi śumbhathaḥ śumbhatha
Thirdśumbhati śumbhataḥ śumbhanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhye śumbhyāvahe śumbhyāmahe
Secondśumbhyase śumbhyethe śumbhyadhve
Thirdśumbhyate śumbhyete śumbhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśumbham aśumbhāva aśumbhāma
Secondaśumbhaḥ aśumbhatam aśumbhata
Thirdaśumbhat aśumbhatām aśumbhan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśumbhye aśumbhyāvahi aśumbhyāmahi
Secondaśumbhyathāḥ aśumbhyethām aśumbhyadhvam
Thirdaśumbhyata aśumbhyetām aśumbhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbheyam śumbheva śumbhema
Secondśumbheḥ śumbhetam śumbheta
Thirdśumbhet śumbhetām śumbheyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhyeya śumbhyevahi śumbhyemahi
Secondśumbhyethāḥ śumbhyeyāthām śumbhyedhvam
Thirdśumbhyeta śumbhyeyātām śumbhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhāni śumbhāva śumbhāma
Secondśumbha śumbhatam śumbhata
Thirdśumbhatu śumbhatām śumbhantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhyai śumbhyāvahai śumbhyāmahai
Secondśumbhyasva śumbhyethām śumbhyadhvam
Thirdśumbhyatām śumbhyetām śumbhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhiṣyāmi śumbhiṣyāvaḥ śumbhiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśumbhiṣyasi śumbhiṣyathaḥ śumbhiṣyatha
Thirdśumbhiṣyati śumbhiṣyataḥ śumbhiṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśumbhitāsmi śumbhitāsvaḥ śumbhitāsmaḥ
Secondśumbhitāsi śumbhitāsthaḥ śumbhitāstha
Thirdśumbhitā śumbhitārau śumbhitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśuśumbha śuśumbhiva śuśumbhima
Secondśuśumbhitha śuśumbhathuḥ śuśumbha
Thirdśuśumbha śuśumbhatuḥ śuśumbhuḥ

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śumbhita m. n. śumbhitā f.

Past Active Participle
śumbhitavat m. n. śumbhitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śumbhat m. n. śumbhantī f.

Present Passive Participle
śumbhyamāna m. n. śumbhyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śumbhiṣyat m. n. śumbhiṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
śumbhitavya m. n. śumbhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śumbhya m. n. śumbhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śumbhanīya m. n. śumbhanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śuśumbhvaḥ m. n. śuśumbhuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śumbhitum

Absolutive
śumbhitvā

Absolutive
-śumbhya

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