The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śuc_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśocāmi śocāvaḥ śocāmaḥ
Secondśocasi śocathaḥ śocatha
Thirdśocati śocataḥ śocanti


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśucye śucyāvahe śucyāmahe
Secondśucyase śucyethe śucyadhve
Thirdśucyate śucyete śucyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśocam aśocāva aśocāma
Secondaśocaḥ aśocatam aśocata
Thirdaśocat aśocatām aśocan


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśucye aśucyāvahi aśucyāmahi
Secondaśucyathāḥ aśucyethām aśucyadhvam
Thirdaśucyata aśucyetām aśucyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśoceyam śoceva śocema
Secondśoceḥ śocetam śoceta
Thirdśocet śocetām śoceyuḥ


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśucyeya śucyevahi śucyemahi
Secondśucyethāḥ śucyeyāthām śucyedhvam
Thirdśucyeta śucyeyātām śucyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśocāni śocāva śocāma
Secondśoca śocatam śocata
Thirdśocatu śocatām śocantu


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśucyai śucyāvahai śucyāmahai
Secondśucyasva śucyethām śucyadhvam
Thirdśucyatām śucyetām śucyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśociṣyāmi śociṣyāvaḥ śociṣyāmaḥ
Secondśociṣyasi śociṣyathaḥ śociṣyatha
Thirdśociṣyati śociṣyataḥ śociṣyanti


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśocitāsmi | śoktāsmi śocitāsvaḥ | śoktāsvaḥ śocitāsmaḥ | śoktāsmaḥ
Secondśocitāsi | śoktāsi śocitāsthaḥ | śoktāsthaḥ śocitāstha | śoktāstha
Thirdśocitā | śoktā śocitārau | śoktārau śocitāraḥ | śoktāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśuśoca śuśuciva śuśucima
Secondśuśocitha śuśucathuḥ śuśuca
Thirdśuśoca śuśucatuḥ śuśucuḥ


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśucam aśucāva aśucāma
Secondaśucaḥ aśucatam aśucata
Thirdaśucat aśucatām aśucan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśuce aśucāvahi aśucāmahi
Secondaśucathāḥ aśucethām aśucadhvam
Thirdaśucata aśucetām aśucanta


Injunctive

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśucam śucāva śucāma
Secondśucaḥ śucatam śucata
Thirdśucat śucatām śucan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśuce śucāvahi śucāmahi
Secondśucathāḥ śucethām śucadhvam
Thirdśucata śucetām śucanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śukta m. n. śuktā f.

Past Active Participle
śuktavat m. n. śuktavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śocat m. n. śocantī f.

Present Passive Participle
śucyamāna m. n. śucyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śociṣyat m. n. śociṣyantī f.

Future Passive Participle
śoktavya m. n. śoktavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śocitavya m. n. śocitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śokya m. n. śokyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śocanīya m. n. śocanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śuśucvaḥ m. n. śuśucuṣī f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śocitum

Infinitive
śoktum

Absolutive
śuktvā

Absolutive
-śucya

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