The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of śubh_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhāmi śobhāvaḥ śobhāmaḥ
Secondśobhasi śobhathaḥ śobhatha
Thirdśobhati śobhataḥ śobhanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhe śobhāvahe śobhāmahe
Secondśobhase śobhethe śobhadhve
Thirdśobhate śobhete śobhante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśubhye śubhyāvahe śubhyāmahe
Secondśubhyase śubhyethe śubhyadhve
Thirdśubhyate śubhyete śubhyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśobham aśobhāva aśobhāma
Secondaśobhaḥ aśobhatam aśobhata
Thirdaśobhat aśobhatām aśobhan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstaśobhe aśobhāvahi aśobhāmahi
Secondaśobhathāḥ aśobhethām aśobhadhvam
Thirdaśobhata aśobhetām aśobhanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstaśubhye aśubhyāvahi aśubhyāmahi
Secondaśubhyathāḥ aśubhyethām aśubhyadhvam
Thirdaśubhyata aśubhyetām aśubhyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśobheyam śobheva śobhema
Secondśobheḥ śobhetam śobheta
Thirdśobhet śobhetām śobheyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśobheya śobhevahi śobhemahi
Secondśobhethāḥ śobheyāthām śobhedhvam
Thirdśobheta śobheyātām śobheran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśubhyeya śubhyevahi śubhyemahi
Secondśubhyethāḥ śubhyeyāthām śubhyedhvam
Thirdśubhyeta śubhyeyātām śubhyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhāni śobhāva śobhāma
Secondśobha śobhatam śobhata
Thirdśobhatu śobhatām śobhantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhai śobhāvahai śobhāmahai
Secondśobhasva śobhethām śobhadhvam
Thirdśobhatām śobhetām śobhantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśubhyai śubhyāvahai śubhyāmahai
Secondśubhyasva śubhyethām śubhyadhvam
Thirdśubhyatām śubhyetām śubhyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhiṣyāmi śobhiṣyāvaḥ śobhiṣyāmaḥ
Secondśobhiṣyasi śobhiṣyathaḥ śobhiṣyatha
Thirdśobhiṣyati śobhiṣyataḥ śobhiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhiṣye śobhiṣyāvahe śobhiṣyāmahe
Secondśobhiṣyase śobhiṣyethe śobhiṣyadhve
Thirdśobhiṣyate śobhiṣyete śobhiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśobhitāsmi śobhitāsvaḥ śobhitāsmaḥ
Secondśobhitāsi śobhitāsthaḥ śobhitāstha
Thirdśobhitā śobhitārau śobhitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstśuśobha śuśubhiva śuśubhima
Secondśuśobhitha śuśubhathuḥ śuśubha
Thirdśuśobha śuśubhatuḥ śuśubhuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstśuśubhe śuśubhivahe śuśubhimahe
Secondśuśubhiṣe śuśubhāthe śuśubhidhve
Thirdśuśubhe śuśubhāte śuśubhire

Participles

Past Passive Participle
śobhita m. n. śobhitā f.

Past Passive Participle
śubhita m. n. śubhitā f.

Past Active Participle
śubhitavat m. n. śubhitavatī f.

Past Active Participle
śobhitavat m. n. śobhitavatī f.

Present Active Participle
śobhat m. n. śobhantī f.

Present Middle Participle
śobhamāna m. n. śobhamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
śubhyamāna m. n. śubhyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
śobhiṣyat m. n. śobhiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
śobhiṣyamāṇa m. n. śobhiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Passive Participle
śobhitavya m. n. śobhitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śobhya m. n. śobhyā f.

Future Passive Participle
śobhanīya m. n. śobhanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
śuśubhvaḥ m. n. śuśubhuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
śuśubhāna m. n. śuśubhānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
śobhitum

Absolutive
śobhitvā

Absolutive
śubhitvā

Absolutive
-śubhya

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