The Sanskrit Grammarian: Conjugation

Conjugation tables of vṛt_1

Primary Conjugation

Present

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvartāmi vartāvaḥ vartāmaḥ
Secondvartasi vartathaḥ vartatha
Thirdvartati vartataḥ vartanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvarte vartāvahe vartāmahe
Secondvartase vartethe vartadhve
Thirdvartate vartete vartante


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛtye vṛtyāvahe vṛtyāmahe
Secondvṛtyase vṛtyethe vṛtyadhve
Thirdvṛtyate vṛtyete vṛtyante


Imperfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavartam avartāva avartāma
Secondavartaḥ avartatam avartata
Thirdavartat avartatām avartan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavarte avartāvahi avartāmahi
Secondavartathāḥ avartethām avartadhvam
Thirdavartata avartetām avartanta


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛtye avṛtyāvahi avṛtyāmahi
Secondavṛtyathāḥ avṛtyethām avṛtyadhvam
Thirdavṛtyata avṛtyetām avṛtyanta


Optative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarteyam varteva vartema
Secondvarteḥ vartetam varteta
Thirdvartet vartetām varteyuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvarteya vartevahi vartemahi
Secondvartethāḥ varteyāthām vartedhvam
Thirdvarteta varteyātām varteran


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛtyeya vṛtyevahi vṛtyemahi
Secondvṛtyethāḥ vṛtyeyāthām vṛtyedhvam
Thirdvṛtyeta vṛtyeyātām vṛtyeran


Imperative

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvartāni vartāva vartāma
Secondvarta vartatam vartata
Thirdvartatu vartatām vartantu


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvartai vartāvahai vartāmahai
Secondvartasva vartethām vartadhvam
Thirdvartatām vartetām vartantām


PassiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvṛtyai vṛtyāvahai vṛtyāmahai
Secondvṛtyasva vṛtyethām vṛtyadhvam
Thirdvṛtyatām vṛtyetām vṛtyantām


Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvartsyāmi | vartiṣyāmi vartsyāvaḥ | vartiṣyāvaḥ vartsyāmaḥ | vartiṣyāmaḥ
Secondvartsyasi | vartiṣyasi vartsyathaḥ | vartiṣyathaḥ vartsyatha | vartiṣyatha
Thirdvartsyati | vartiṣyati vartsyataḥ | vartiṣyataḥ vartsyanti | vartiṣyanti


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvartsye | vartiṣye vartsyāvahe | vartiṣyāvahe vartsyāmahe | vartiṣyāmahe
Secondvartsyase | vartiṣyase vartsyethe | vartiṣyethe vartsyadhve | vartiṣyadhve
Thirdvartsyate | vartiṣyate vartsyete | vartiṣyete vartsyante | vartiṣyante


Periphrastic Future

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvarttāsmi | vartitāsmi varttāsvaḥ | vartitāsvaḥ varttāsmaḥ | vartitāsmaḥ
Secondvarttāsi | vartitāsi varttāsthaḥ | vartitāsthaḥ varttāstha | vartitāstha
Thirdvarttā | vartitā varttārau | vartitārau varttāraḥ | vartitāraḥ


Perfect

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstvavarta vavṛtiva vavṛtima
Secondvavartitha vavṛtathuḥ vavṛta
Thirdvavarta vavṛtatuḥ vavṛtuḥ


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstvavṛte vavṛtivahe vavṛtimahe
Secondvavṛtiṣe vavṛtāthe vavṛtidhve
Thirdvavṛte vavṛtāte vavṛtire


Aorist

ActiveSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛtam | avīvṛtam avṛtāva | avīvṛtāva avṛtāma | avīvṛtāma
Secondavṛtaḥ | avīvṛtaḥ avṛtatam | avīvṛtatam avṛtata | avīvṛtata
Thirdavṛtat | avīvṛtat avṛtatām | avīvṛtatām avṛtan | avīvṛtan


MiddleSingularDualPlural
Firstavṛte | avīvṛte avṛtāvahi | avīvṛtāvahi avṛtāmahi | avīvṛtāmahi
Secondavṛtathāḥ | avīvṛtathāḥ avṛtethām | avīvṛtethām avṛtadhvam | avīvṛtadhvam
Thirdavṛtata | avīvṛtata avṛtetām | avīvṛtetām avṛtanta | avīvṛtanta

Participles

Past Passive Participle
vṛtta m. n. vṛttā f.

Past Active Participle
vṛttavat m. n. vṛttavatī f.

Present Active Participle
vartat m. n. vartantī f.

Present Middle Participle
vartamāna m. n. vartamānā f.

Present Passive Participle
vṛtyamāna m. n. vṛtyamānā f.

Future Active Participle
vartsyat m. n. vartsyantī f.

Future Active Participle
vartiṣyat m. n. vartiṣyantī f.

Future Middle Participle
vartiṣyamāṇa m. n. vartiṣyamāṇā f.

Future Middle Participle
vartsyamāna m. n. vartsyamānā f.

Future Passive Participle
varttavya m. n. varttavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vartitavya m. n. vartitavyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vṛtya m. n. vṛtyā f.

Future Passive Participle
vartanīya m. n. vartanīyā f.

Perfect Active Participle
vavṛtvaḥ m. n. vavṛtuṣī f.

Perfect Middle Participle
vavṛtāna m. n. vavṛtānā f.

Indeclinable forms

Infinitive
varttum

Infinitive
vartitum

Absolutive
vṛttvā

Absolutive
vartam

Absolutive
-vṛtya

Absolutive
-vartam

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